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Published Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, in Vol. 17, No. 173
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2017 budget proposal comes with some grim news
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The finance minister was almost apologetic Wednesday when he outlined the national budget for next year.

The minister, Helio Fallas, also was candid. He said that 33 percent of the budget would go to debt service, and he likened the situation to a family that has to pay debts with a third of the household salary.

Only 31.5 percent will support the normal operations of the government, and 31.2 percent will go to the various government institutions and pensions, he said.

Tax collection has increased and income is growing at faster rate than outgo, he said, noting that additional income was needed.

Fallas or a subordinate will present the proposed budget to the legislature today. Lawmakers will study the spending proposal and probably make cuts.

Some estimates are that the budget is 12 percent bigger than that for the current year.

Fallas said that the total debt of the government is nearly half the amount off what the country produces in a year. That amount has doubled since 2008, he said. That was the year of the economic downturn.

A.M. Costa Rica graphic 
Nearly two dozen unions have announced a demonstration in front of the legislature today against a bill that is expected to change the way salaries are computed. They have demonstrated that they are not inclined to accept pay cuts.

Fallas did not outline any government plan to attack the deficit. His ministry is pushing hard for the reinstatement of a tax on corporations, but the money raised would go directly to the security ministry and not be counted in the budget expenditures.

An A.M. Costa Rica editorial
First the U.S. needs to count the illegal aliens

Donald Trump said what many Americans want to hear Wednesday when he said there would be no citizenship for those who entered the United States illegally. Trump outlined a 10-point program to counter illegal immigration and the threat of terrorist infiltration.

But we think Trump was wrong when he said he would deport all those who are in the country illegally. Certainly he has a point that criminals and repeat immigration violators should go. And he is correct about denying citizenship to those who snuck into the United States.

But there is another way. And the solution does not depend on who wins the election Nov. 8.

Expats in Costa Rica have seen illegal immigration up close. The 8,000 Cubans even were assisted by the Costa Rican government in exercising their rights under an outdated Cold War law that lets them enter the United States.

Now there are Haitians, Africans, Middle Easterners and who knows who else trying to use Central America as a path to illegal entry into the United States.

There is no doubt that foreigners bring value to the United States. One has only to read news stories in A.M. Costa Rica about medical advances. Many of the researchers carry names

Trump's speech

that appear to be from countries other than the United States. They are legal.

However, the foundation of the U.S. is built on adherence to the law. Where else do millions voluntarily send in their income taxes every year? The United States must defend that tradition.

We propose that any illegal alien in the United States come forward, identify him or herself and provide biometric data as well as contact information.

After a reasonable deadline, any illegal alien who has not complied with the registration process would be eligible for deportation.  The reason for this procedure is simple. No one really knows how many illegals are in the United States.

The Federal government says 11 million publicly. But other government agencies have estimates that run as high as 35 million.
After eliminating the criminals, the repeat boarder jumpers and those who do not register, government officials will have a better understanding of the problem and far fewer individuals to deal with.

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 173
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
International Practice

• Anxiety
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US (310) 827-4241
New World Meditation

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
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-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers, Tax Accountant
Licensed by the I.R.S.
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year. Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion.
If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties.   Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems. 

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(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
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US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
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Up-to-date FACTA news.
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Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
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Real estate agents and services


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bank job
Judicial Investigating Organization photo
A bank neighbor took this photo of two bank robbers and their getaway car Monday morning.

Off-duty cop called key in robbery case
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An unidentified and off-duty police officer is being credited with tracking bank robbery suspects Monday.

The Poder Judicial said that the policeman was passing by saw the crime take place at the Banco Nacional branch in Río Frío de Sarapiquí about 8 a.m. Monday morning and followed the getaway car. The officer lost sight of the fleeing individuals when they dumped the first car and got into another, the Poder Judicial said.

The escape must not have been well planned because the five individuals drove up a road that their second vehicle could not navigate. So they had to abandon that vehicle, too, and walk. They took refuge in a nearby home, the Poder Judicial said.

It was in this home that police searchers located them. There were more than 150 officers in the field that day. A police shock team was ready to assault the home when the suspects surrendered about 10 p.m, the Poder Judicial noted.

The five crooks used violence when they entered the bank through the employee entrance. They looted two teller locations and a small safe. On the way out they shot a bank guard and a cashier even though the two were laying on the floor.

When they searched the home where the suspects had been located, police said they found a substantial amount of cash as well as firearms and Fuerza Pública uniforms.

Prosecutors have asked for preventative detention for the five suspects. Agents said they were investigating similar crimes elsewhere as part of the case.

Interamericana still closed due to slides

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Workers were on the scene of landslides on the Interamericana Norte until 6 p.m. Wednesday, but they were unable to reopen the key highway.

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said that the route will remain closed until further notice. The agency said that work was halted due to lack of daylight.

The Consejo said there were seven separate slides along eight kilometers of the highway in a section near San Ramón called Cambronero. In addition, there are 15 smaller distributions of debris, it said.

The slides took place Tuesday evening due to heavy rains.

Time to register to vote

The U.S. Federal government’s overseas voting agency has issued a reminder that there are less than 75 days remaining until the Nov. 8 presidential election.

“It is time for Americans living, working or traveling abroad to take steps to vote,” said the agency,” the Federal Overseas Voting Program.

Helping overseas Americans is difficult because each state has its own rule, and expats are supposed to vote in the U.S. state where they last were a resident.

Many overseas voters will receive absentee ballots from their registered county of residency. Others may elect to file a federal absentee ballot just for federal offices.

In addition to the federal program, the Overseas Voting Foundation can assist voters. The Web site gives deadlines for each state, plus other information.

News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 173
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Airport police are accumulating a large selection of tourism souvenirs
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Airport police in Liberia said they are confiscating a variety of items including horse brushes with sharp points.

They said they are doing this to prevent attacks on airliners.

The confiscated material includes tourism souvenirs such as wooden knives and statues of flying fish which happen to have sharp bills.

The Ministerio de Seguridad Pública released photos Wednesday and said some of the souvenirs were used to smuggle marijuana. They said that pieces of coral, jewelry and other items were used that way.

Presumably tourists are buying these items at beach resorts or in the Liberia area and are forgetting to put the sharp items in the checked baggage.

Also confiscated have been compressed air cylinders for hobby devices and toys that have hidden knives. Marijuana

Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
These are some of the confiscated items.

pipes also are a no-no, they said.

Daniel Oduber airport has seen a sharp increase in tourism traffic in the last few years because of its proximity to the Pacific beaches.

Government to invest 150 million colons to rebuild Black Star Line
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

In celebrating the Día de la Persona Negra y la Cultura Afrocostarricense, the culture ministry said Wednesday that it would invest 150 million colons in rebuilding the Black Star Line in Limón Centro.

The amount is about $275,000.

The structure was destroyed by fire early April 29. The historic building was the headquarters for Marcus Garvey’s Black Star shipping line and also served as a community gathering place 

since 1922. The owner has been the Universal Negro Improvement Association.

The day was marked in Limón with a parade, dances and a display of floats. Even President Luis Guillermo Solís wore traditional clothing and participated in the parade.

The culture ministry’s Centro de Investigación y Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural invested in the building previously.

The building suffered damage in the 1991 Limón earthquake, and the structure became an architectural heritage site in 2000.

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 173
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Autonomous vehicles are likely to be a real jolt to the employment rolls
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Millions of workers are expected to face growing competition as computerized autonomous vehicles start to perform taxi and truck driving jobs.

While the takeover of trucking by computerized robots is considered inevitable, how soon it will happen is a matter of debate. Some say it will take years to fully develop. Others predict it will happen much sooner.

Massive, autonomous mining trucks move giant loads of earth and ore in Australia and elsewhere. The trucks are able to handle the very limited traffic seen in the mine, but the chaos of the open road will be a bigger challenge.

The head of engineering for the American Trucking Association, Ted Scott, says it will take time to work out regulations, testing and public acceptance. “With the technology that is there, we can take the driver out of the vehicle. We aren’t gonna do that for a long time."

Volvo and Uber have announced a plan to test self-driving cars in Pittsburgh, and Ford recently announced a joint research effort with a Chinese company to push self-driving vehicle technology forward. Audi and others are testing robot drivers in ever more complex environments, including Audi's race up a large American mountain and big city traffic.

A former official of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Chan Leiu, says these tests may speed things up: "We are not that far from the ultimate vision of a completely self-driving car." Leiu says autonomous vehicles literally put

people’s lives in the hands of robots. But that may be a good thing because he says 94 percent of accidents are caused by people who are tired, drunk, texting, or making other mistakes.

This could save tens of thousands of lives, according to Notre Dame Professor Tim Carone. "There's a journey to get there, but the journey ends with order of magnitude decrease in  number of accidents, number fatalities, number of injuries."

Truck drivers, such as 16-year road veteran Rogelio Rada, think it will be quite a while before robots take their jobs. “Robots can only do so much . . . there’s issues I believe that only a person can handle.“ His colleague, Barry Waters, thinks it will be "probably 20-30 years down the road."

Trucking employs as much as 1 percent of the U.S. population. The potential for changes in the industry follow decades of mostly declining human employment in U.S. manufacturing. The trend is evident in the auto industry, which sold a record number of vehicles in 2015, but did so with far fewer workers than it once employed.

Early in the age of autos, it took throngs of workers to build cars like the Model-T. Historic film shows waves of workers spilling out of factories at the end of their shift, where they did much of the work by hand with muscle power.

Competitive pressures forced manufacturers of all kinds to seek ever more efficient, less labor-intensive and cheaper ways to make products. Current video shows far fewer people on the factory floor as powerful robots weld, paint and preform other tasks, often with greater precision than their human predecessors.

This little robot may even end up replacing cowboys and even dogs
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Dogs, helicopters and cowboys on horses herd cattle, and now a robot can help with the roundup.

Called SwagBot, the ungainly looking prototype has four metal legs with rubber wheels, topped with a rectangular silver box containing a battery pack.

SwagBot is named after the swagman, an Australian term meaning someone who travels from farm to farm for work. But this one is electric.

The robot, with its waterproof chassis, was tried out on the rough terrain of an Australian cattle station, making it over logs and ditches and through swamps. The cattle ran in front of the robot as it advanced. The scientists at the University of Sydney who developed SwagBot hope cattle, sheep and other animals will figure out what the robot wants them to do.

“There have been robots used on cattle stations but they have just been your fixed-axis robotic systems,” said Salah Sukkarieh, a robotics professor who led the project. This is “an omni-directional robot that can move in any direction,” so it’s more agile.

The SwagBot, ready to herd some cattle.

The vast Australian cattle stations are often difficult to access. Located in remote dry areas where the vegetation is sparse, a large amount of land is needed to support the livestock.

“We are talking about very large properties,” said Sukkarieh. “Four thousand hectares up to 40,000 hectares for a standard average cattle farm.”

And that’s where the remotely controlled, all-wheel drive machine comes in handy. It can zip along up to 20 kilometers per hour on flat land. It can even tow heavy trailers.
University of Sydney photo
The SwagBot keeps cattle on the move.

SwagBot is still a work in progress. Right now it uses a camera to see the animals, but the researchers are planning to put sensors on it, so instead of relying on periodic checkups from humans, the farmers can monitor the condition of their cattle electronically . . . especially animals that might be sick or injured, explained Sukkarieh, by determining their body temperature or the way they walk.

There also are plans to enable SwagBot to monitor pasture conditions to find out where the grass is most plentiful for the cattle to eat. And, perhaps in areas where crops are being grown, even pulling weeds.

The scientists hope SwagBot will be available to the farmers within three years, which means the cattle dog could be replaced by a cattle robot.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

HIdden Garden graphic
Put Costa Rica on your walls
The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is the perfect place to find quality Costa Rican and international art for your home or office.  With over 60 artists and 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we have been your source for fine art since 2010.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever. Located just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport (towards the beaches).

Visit our Web site at:
Contact us by email:  
Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
Moon Travel Guides & Frommer's

Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.

George Lundquist

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Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
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Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877

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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

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Barrio Amon
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2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amón. Cable, internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,  hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry.   Rate  $650 per month plus electricity. 1/2 month security deposit. No lease.  Larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be the best for the prospective tenants to visit the building to see the apartment.  For more information contact  Or call Hilda at 506-2221-7161.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 173
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Axiom new ad

Trump rejects citizenship
for illegal aliens in U.S

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump said Wednesday that under his administration there will be no way for those who enter the U.S. illegally to become a citizen.

He gave a detailed rundown of his immigration policy plans to supporters in the southwestern state of Arizona hours after meeting with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto.

First on Trump's list was the reiteration of his commitment to construct a wall at the U.S.-México border, and that México will  pick up the cost, despite Peña Nieto's repeated statements that his government will not.

"They don't know it yet, but they're going to pay for the wall."

Trump asserted the U.S. has the right to pick immigrants who are most likely to thrive and flourish and love Americans.

"We also have to be honest about the fact that not everyone who seeks to join our country will be able to successfully assimilate."

Trump described his immigration policies as prioritizing the security and economic well-being of Americans, and said the proposals would bring down crime, gangs, illegal border crossings and welfare use.

"People will know that you can't just smuggle in, hunker down and wait to be legalized," he said.

Trump was more subdued at a news conference in Mexico City after his meeting with the Mexican president, which he described as important and straightforward.

"I love the United States very much and I want to make sure the people of the United States are very protected," Trump told Peña Nieto at a news conference Wednesday in Mexico City. "You equally expressed your feelings and love for Mexico."

Trump won much of his support throughout the campaign with rhetoric that Peña Nieto called hurtful to the Mexican people. Trump has said the United States' southern neighbor steals jobs, sends rapists and criminals and murderers across the border, and does little to stop illegal immigrants. He has insisted Mexico will pay for a wall that he wants built along the border.

Peña Nieto has likened Trump to fascist dictators Hitler and Mussolini.

But it was a much more subdued and respectful Trump who spoke after meeting with the Mexican president.

Trump said he has a tremendous feeling for Mexican Americans, calling them spectacular, hard-working people and saying he is proud to employ many in his industries, calling them beyond reproach.

Trump said he and the president talked about the wall at the border but not about who would pay for it.

But Peña Nieto, contradicting Trump, later said he told the U.S. businessman that México will not pay for the wall, repeating something he has said numerous times.

Trump did say the North American Free Trade Agreement has been a greater benefit to México than the United States. He said the 22-year-old deal needs to be updated to reflect today's realities.

He also said all countries have a sovereign right to a secure border, including building walls, and that illegal immigration from Central America through Mexico and into the U.S. is a humanitarian disaster.

Trump said cartels and other criminal gangs that terrorize northern Mexico can be wiped out only through intelligence sharing and joint operations.

"The bond between our two countries is deep and sincere, and both our nations benefit from close and honest relations . . .a strong México is in the best interest of the United States," Trump said.

Peña Nieto spoke directly to Trump at the news conference, saying his priority is protecting Mexicans wherever they may be. He said Mexicans living in the U.S. are creative and talented and honest working people who respect family, their communities and the law. He said they deserve everyone's respect in return.

Peña Nieto called the border an asset for both countries, and said that 1 million people cross it every day. He said Americans who see the border as a problem that brings in drugs and illegal immigrants are getting an incomplete picture. He said the U.S. must do what it can to stop weapons and cash from flowing into Mexico to the drug cartels.

Trump had announced his hastily planned visit to Mexico City just days after the Mexican leader extended the invitation to him and to his Democratic opponent, former U.S. secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Peña Nieto drew criticism for his meeting with Trump, who is widely reviled in México. Former president Vicente Fox told CNN that he does not understand why Peña Nieto extended the invitation, saying of Trump, "He is not welcome to México. He is going to be rejected by everybody here."

A few dozen demonstrators gathered Wednesday in the center of the capital to protest the visit, some holding signs that read "You are not Wall-come" and "Trump and Pena out."

U.S. population shift shows
Latin groups growing faster

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Donald Trump’s tough stance on immigration has won him support from Americans who worry that migrants are a drain on the economy and a security risk. But that message is facing skepticism in many places with rapidly changing racial demographics.

Hispanics are by far the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, growing 43 percent over 10 years, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's last count in 2010. Put another way, the census reports “the rise in the Hispanic population accounted for more than half of the 27.3 million increase in the total U.S. population.” That growth, it says, is partly due to immigration.

White, non-hispanics remain the largest single group in America, accounting for about 63 percent of the population in 2010. But that segment of the population is also reported to be slowest growing.

With just over two months left until the presidential election, strategists from both the Republican and Democratic parties say this reality presents a problem for Trump, whose controversial comments about Mexican immigrants have alienated voters he may need to win in November.​

Given the rising numbers of eligible Hispanic voters in the United States, Trump’s policy speech on immigration Wednesday night in Arizona was watched closely. According to the Pew Research Center, immigration is among the top five concerns for Hispanic-Americans.

And Trump’s promise to build a wall and deport illegal immigrants have made a dent in his polling, especially in what are known as swing states, that is, states where the race between Trump and Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton is close and where there is a growing number of eligible voters of Hispanic origin.

Here is a list of states where America’s changing demographics are widely believed to make a difference, according to the polls and the percentage of Hispanic voters.

New Mexico: 40.1 percent. With so many Latino voters, several professional prognosticators are putting this state (worth five electoral votes) in the Democrats column.

Arizona:  21.5 percent. So far, this state is leaning towards Trump, with room for Mrs. Clinton to win over votes and walk away with the state's 11 electoral votes.

Florida:  18.1 percent. Always an important state for any candidate to win with its prize of 29 electoral votes, Florida is considered up for grabs right now.

Nevada: 17.2 percent. Mrs. Clinton appears to be just ahead of Trump in this state that carries six electoral votes.

Colorado: 14.5 percent. All experts seem to agree that Colorado with nine electoral votes is leaning towards Mrs. Clinton right now after being considered a toss up.

First commercial air flight
lands in Santa Clara, Cuba

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The first regular U.S. commercial flight to Cuba in more than 50 years has landed in the central city of Santa Clara.

The JetBlue Flight 386 left Fort Lauderdale, Florida,  Wednesday with 150 people on board.

Among the passengers were U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx, JetBlue Chief Executive Officer Robin Hayes, journalists and travelers of Cuban descent.

U.S. citizens are still prohibited from visiting as tourists, although there have long been exceptions to the ban, ranging from visiting family to business, cultural, religious and educational travel.

The last previous regular commercial flight between the United States and Cuba was in 1961. The two nations agreed in January to resume flights following the normalization of relations in December 2014.

Flights are expected to soon resume from cities including Chicago, Philadelphia and Minneapolis and Miami. They will head to eight Cuban cities and beach areas, including Camaguey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Holguin, Manzanillo, Matanzas and Santiago de Cuba.

New president in Brazil vows
to promote improvements

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Brazil's new president, Michel Temer, promised a new era of government for that crisis-hit country Wednesday, shortly after being sworn in following the impeachment of his predecessor, Dilma Rousseff.

Earlier, the Brazilian senate voted 61-20 to remove Ms. Rousseff from office for breaking federal budget laws.

The verdict came down after Ms. Rousseff, the country's first female president, underwent more than 14 hours of questioning Monday. The final arguments in her impeachment trial took place Tuesday. Of the 81 senators, at least 54 were required to vote in favor of impeachment for the decision to be binding.

Speaking at a televised cabinet meeting after taking the oath of office, Temer said his priorities were to fix Brazil's economy, attract foreign investment, reduce unemployment and begin reform of the pension system.

But he warned that he would not tolerate divisions within his coalition. Temer appeared annoyed that some of his allies had moved to grant Ms. Rousseff political rights without consulting his government.

Ms. Rousseff was accused of illegally using money from state banks to cover deficits in the federal budget in an effort to boost her popularity heading into the 2014 presidential election. She denied wrongdoing and accused her political opponents of using the trial as a way to overthrow her and undermine Brazil's democracy.

"They decided to interrupt the mandate of a president who had committed no crime. They have convicted an innocent person and carried out a parliamentary coup," Ms. Rousseff said in a statement following the Senate vote.

Lawyers from the pro-impeachment side, though, argued that Ms. Rousseff's alleged corruption directly contributed to the economic issues Brazil has experienced over the past several years.

"The world needs to know that we are not just voting about accounting issues," said Janaina Paschoal, the author of the impeachment request against Ms. Rousseff. "Impeachment is a constitutional remedy that we need to resort to when the situation gets particularly serious, and that is what has happened."

Mother Teresa to be named
a saint in Sunday ceremony

 By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

For many, she’s known as Mother Teresa of Calcutta, but her real name was Anjece Gonxhe Bojaxhiu. Sunday she’ll become St. Teresa of Calcutta.

As the world readies for her canonization, “one of her legacies is her community, the Missionaries of Charity, who embody her convictions and try to live it out in the world today,” says Michael Witczak, associate professor of Liturgical Studies in the School of Theology and Religious Studies at Catholic University of America in Washington.

Today Witczak says there are about 4,500 centers worldwide continuing the work of Mother Teresa, including hospices, orphanages, homes for people with AIDS and drug addictions, unwed mothers, etc.

In 2003, Mother Teresa was beatified by the late Pope John Paul II. Beatification, which requires one miracle, is the last step before sainthood, which requires two.

But while some viewed her as an international icon of charity, celebrated by heads of states and adored by millions worldwide, others criticized her heavily. That includes Christopher Hitchens author of the book “Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice.”

“There’s a role in the canonization process that’s called the devil’s advocate whose whole job is to come up with all the reasons why this wouldn’t be a good thing to do." Hitchens said that she wasn’t really interested in the poor but rather in poverty and that she didn’t provide the highest quality of medical care for people, that she seems to be enamored of death rather than life.

He said in a 2033 article: “Many more people are poor and sick because of the life of MT: Even more will be poor and sick if her example is followed. She was a fanatic, a fundamentalist, and a fraud, and a church that officially protects those who violate the innocent has given us another clear sign of where it truly stands on moral and ethical questions.”

“But Mother Teresa’s motivation was spiritual rather than medical,” Witczak noted. “The criticisms are there, and they’ve been taken seriously but weren’t considered by the church to override the conviction that what she did was primarily for the good and primarily for the good of people and for the benefit of the life of the church and provided a good example for other people to follow."

Treasury Secretary Lew says
Apple ought to pay tax to U.S.

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew on Wednesday denounced the European Union's decision to order technology giant Apple to pay Ireland $14.5 billion in back taxes, saying the United States ought to be the beneficiary of the success of the world's most valuable company.

"I have been concerned that it reflected an attempt to reach into the U.S. tax base to tax income that ought to be taxed in the United States," Lew said of Tuesday's ruling by the EU's antitrust regulator.

Lew, speaking in Washington ahead of a meeting of the world's 20 leading economies in China, said, "Our concern with the European Commission action is that it is using a state-aid theory to make tax law, and it is doing it in a way that is retroactive and that overrides national tax law authority."

Both Apple and Ireland announced plans to appeal the ruling, with Dublin voicing concern that the decision undercuts its efforts to position itself as a low-tax country that welcomes multinational corporations to open operations in the nation.

European regulators have also ordered the coffee store company Starbucks to pay more taxes to the Netherlands.

One former U.S. senator, Carl Levin, who oversaw congressional investigations of corporate tax avoidance schemes, said both Apple and the U.S. tax agency, the Internal Revenue Service, were ultimately to blame for the loss of revenue to the United States.

Levin said European authorities understandably wanted to tax the earnings for Apple, which manufactures the popular iPhones.

Levin, however, said, "The IRS has failed to stake a claim for U.S. taxes on those revenues for a decade or more. It has been passive, and so Europe attempts to fill the vacuum. Shame on Apple for dodging U.S. taxes. Shame on the IRS for failing to challenge Apple's tax avoidance."

In issuing the ruling, the EU's competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager said, "Tax rulings granted by Ireland have artificially reduced Apple's tax burden for over two decades, in breach of the EU state aid rules. Apple now has to repay the benefits." She questioned how anyone might think that Apple's 2014 Irish tax rate of 0.005 percent was fair.

Apple employs nearly 6,000 people in Ireland. Apple chief executive Tim Cook said he was confident the tax ruling would be overturned.

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Sept. 1, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 173
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Zika infections take a 131-case jump

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Zika infections took a 131-case jump to 839 in the last week, the Ministerio de Salud reported Wednesday. The greatest number of new cases was in Puntarenas Centro where there were 43. Esparza had 13, and Santa Cruz had 9, the ministry said.

Garabito and Jacó which still have the most total cases with 150 had six new cases, said the ministry. Limón on the Caribbean coast has 12 new cases.

There continue to be far more cases of chikungunya with 2,177 this year and dengue with 14,448.

The statistics only involve cases that are treated by the public health system. Many persons have zika without showing symptoms.

Eye problems appear related to virus

By the American Academy of Ophthalmology news staff

Researchers studying babies with a zika virus-related birth defect say they have found previously unreported eye problems possibly linked to the virus that could result in severe visual impairment. In three Brazilian infants with microcephaly, the researchers observed retinal lesions, hemorrhaging and abnormal blood vessel development not noted before in relation to the virus. The findings are being published online in Ophthalmology, journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Zika virus is now known to cause microcephaly, a birth defect marked by smaller head and brain size. In Brazil, the site of the most serious outbreak, nearly 1.5 million people reportedly have the virus. Some 4,000 infants were recently born with microcephaly, according to reports. As a result, the World Health Organization declared a public health emergency in February, bringing added urgency to the need for more research. A prior study of 29 Brazilian babies with presumed congenital zika infection showed that a third had eye problems. These included ocular lesions, optic nerve abnormalities and chorioretinal atrophy, a withering of the retina and choroid, the latter of which provides oxygen and nutrients to the retina.

For this case study, ophthalmology researchers from Brazil and Stanford University examined the eyes of three infant boys from northern Brazil born in late 2015 with microcephaly. All had mothers with suspected zika virus infections during the first trimester of pregnancy. Among the findings, the researchers identified several types of ocular issues not previously observed in relation to zika virus, some of which could cause severe visual impairment if untreated.

In addition to these observations, the infants in this study also exhibited other ocular symptoms noted in the previous study.

The study is small with limited observational data. However, the findings add to a growing body of clinical information about how the zika virus may affect children’s eye development and vision. The authors noted that it remains unclear whether the viral infection itself causes eye abnormalities or if they are a consequence of zika-induced microcephaly.

For now, the authors are calling for all babies with microcephaly in areas hit by zika to be examined by an ophthalmologist.  This is consistent with recent screening recommendations made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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From Page 7:

Restaurants promoting original national dishes

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Some 35 Costa Rican restaurants are promoting national dishes for 30 days in a program called Laboratorio Gastronómico 2016.

The restaurants are all over the country. The promotion is in conjunction with the  Cámara Costarricense de Restaurantes. The chefs involved are creating new recipes that use Costa Rican products.

The country has not been seen as a culinary leader, and the signature dish has been gallo pinto, rice and beans. But the nation does have a national plan for healthy and sustainable food that seeks to make some of the more complex dishes better known.