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Published Thursday Edition
August 24, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 168
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New road
Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes photo      
The Bajos de Chilamate-Vuelta Kooper road will connect to two main cities in Limón.
New road opens to connect with main Limón ports
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

After a 44 year long wait, Costa Rica has finally opened the Bajos de Chilamate – Vuelta Kooper road, an infrastructure project that will join together Vuelta Kooper in San Carlos and Chilamate de Sarapiquí in Heredia.

From there, the road will connect to the main route that leads to Puerto Limón and eventually Puerto Viejo. The new works reduce the trip by 27 kilometers, while it usually took drivers 87 kilometers to connect the two points.

To finish it, the government invested $80 million, most of which comes from a loan granted by the Banco de Desarrollo de América Latin and monies coming from several municipalities. To connect the two points, drivers were obliged to pass through the communities de Aguas Zarcas-Venecia-San Miguel and La Virgen, all of them belonging to the Alajuela province.

Right now, the new road only passes through the cantons of San Carlos, Río Cuarto y Sarapiquí.

“The project seeks to improve the connection between the Zone Norte and Caribbean where there is a concentration of important port and agricultural activities,” said Germán Valverde, minister of Public Works.

“There will be an important savings in time and reduced operations costs for the companies.”

The project includes the two 27 km lane, eight bridges in the communities of San Pedro, Río Toro, Quebrada Pericos, Quebrada Campamento, Río Sardinal, Río Cuarto y Río Tres amigos.

The project also has five intersections aimed at separating traditional vehicles from agricultural machinery like tractors. To protect the environment, 12 air passages and eight subterranean passages were placed for the transit of animals.

Other complementary works will be ways of return, ramps of direct passage, elements of security and sidewalks. These complementary works will begin in the last quarter of the year.


Caja almost out of important HIV-AIDS treatment
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The few samples left of the drug Efavirenz, used for the treatment of patients with HIV-AIDS, have been depleted in the pharmacies of the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

The drug is more popularly known by its brand name, Sustiva. The institution is currently negotiating loans with El Salvador and the Dominican Republic, and requests the support of the Panamanian Health Organization in exchange for the needed pharmaceutical.

It also started the process of an urgent purchase. The problem originated because the supplier of the product in Costa Rica announced a new delay in the delivery.

According to a statement from the Caja, over 600,000 tablets of Efavirenz were supposed to arrive into the country this Friday. Instead, the company is now saying that will not arrive until next Tuesday Aug. 30.

Meanwhile, the Caja seeks to prevent more than 5,000 patients suffering from disorders due to the lack of this drug. The Caja has called for these patients to approach their hospitals for instructions on what to do while the new drugs arrive.

Pablo Andrés Cordero, head of the drug management area, confirmed possible sanctions could be held against the provider for this breach of contract. As of now, hospitals have delivered treatments for less than 30 days.

Efavirenz is used for patients with HIV-AIDS treatment in the infectology and immunology services, in the early stages of the disease or as maintenance therapy.

It is prescribed in combination with other antiretrovirals. These therapies, although they do not cure the disease, lengthen the expectation and quality of life by preventing the virus from multiplying in the body.

Efavirenz pill
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services photo      
Caja supply of this pill is almost depleted.

According to the Caja, the 600,000 tablets have a total cost of $51,600. Other deliveries are expected in September and December.

“HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection,” according to the United States’ National Library of Medicine. “This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV. Not everyone with HIV develops AIDS.”

HIV is often spread through unprotected sex, sharing needles or coming in contact with blood. Women can also pass it on to their babies during pregnancy. Currently, there are treatments but no cure for the disease.








Remarkable
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16th anniversary edition

Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca. 


Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Thursday Edition, August 24, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 168
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
Psychotherapy




Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
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Psychologist
International Practice

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US (310) 827-4241
doclucinda@gmail.com
www.LucindaGray.com
Learn more about 
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9057-2/25/17


U.S. Income Tax
Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

Marlene Summers
The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.

Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.

If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

You can file current or past due FBARs without payment to meet IRS  requirements.

If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

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Phone (506) 2289-6590 ; Cell (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17

Personal Assistant

Jacqui Monacell
Your “go to” person in Costa Rica!

Jacqui Monacell

With over 20 years of experience in Costa Rica, we understand the inner-workings of the “Tico system” and offer a wide range of services for newcomers and expatriates!

    • Vehicles: purchase, sale, storage, repairs
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Visit our website to read more about our services and peruse our testimonials to see why we are recommended throughout the community!
Call or write us for more information and we will contact you the same day!
Costa Rica Phones: (506) 8878-4932 / (506) 2271-1845 / (506) 2271-1844
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9243-8/17/17


Legal Services

American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


MBC

* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
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Our Business/Construction Unit
will be glad to assist you on:
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Adrian Fernandez
Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
Notary services and registrations. Collections and foreclosures. Real estate and litigation. Corporate Law. Immigration. Estate planning wills and testaments, probate.

I provide the highest professional standards. Official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.

 Call me for advice
    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
    Email: ajfernandez@racsa.co.cr
    Law Office is conveniently located near  Mall San Pedro, 350 meters south  from the Hyundai dealer, Los Yoses, San José.
9181-7/3/17

Real estate agents and services

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

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Dentistry

Dental
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Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
Where Science and Art meet!
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Give yourself a bright and healthy smile.  Our professional practice is geared to exceptional quality in all procedures.   We are dedicated to technical perfection using cutting-edge technology.     

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CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cell: +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@dentalservicescostarica.com
Web:  www.dentalservicescostarica.com
8758-9/18/17

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
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E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
9165-5/22/17

Residency experts

resdiency

JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
    Marriage/Relation (Vinculo): For those married to or related to a Costa Rican citizen.


WHICH OPTION IS BEST FOR YOU?
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience.
Javier Zavaleta
Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
9071-3/19/17
9071-3/19/17

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica
U.S. Tax
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(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
9179-9/17/17

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
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pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $102,100 for 2017).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FATCA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.
Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
8984-4/6/17

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
 
Paintings    Sculptures    Murals 
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  Works on paper restoration
Gilbert Carmichael
  Conservation Curatorial  services
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
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  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please call (506) 8388-5328 or  email cocopopcr@yahoo.com
9212-5/9/17

Bill to update construction law passes

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The legislative assembly unanimously approved in first debate a bill to modify the construction law, numbered 19.699.

The initiative, created by Marco Vinicio Redondo, a legislator of the Partido Acción Ciudadana, updates a law that has been enforced in the last 50 years without any change.

"The bill aims to make it easier for citizens to have minor repairs and fixtures in their homes," Redondo said. "Currently, a modification of its property that costs more than 5,000 colones must comply with all the permits of the municipality as if it were a great new building. That's ridiculous, because that amount corresponds to product prices half a century ago."

According to the legislator, the current rule promotes illegal building or improvements because nobody wants to pay the limits or fines. The new law states that improvements less than 10 base salaries will not require permits. In addition, it allows municipalities to create regulations adapted to the reality of their cantons, as long as they guarantee human life, public health and other essential aspects of infrastructure.

"This initiative is absolutely necessary and understood by all political groups," Redondo said. “In addition, many municipalities in the country recognize the importance of modifying an obsolete law. "

The project, according to the legislator, promotes a culture of responsibility on the part of citizens and municipalities, since there will be no pretexts to not comply with the law. The reform would increase the resources to the municipalities by updating the amount of fines.


Tax reforms remain in legislative limbo

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Since 1978, all the administrations in Costa Rican political history have tried to introduce some sort of reform to the tax system, according to data from the Minsterio de Hacienda. All but three changes have succeeded with the last being in 1997.

The more current initiatives first tried by Abel Pacheco and later Laura Chinchilla both failed. Now, the administration of Luis Guillermo Solís is on its way out and its main tax proposals are still hanging in legislative limbo. Since the Solís era began, the government has promoted over 13 bills within the Asamblea Legislativa. Eight of the bills became signed into law but the major ones were mainly pension reform.  The other half had a minor impact and did not stir much in the expatriate community. Five are left and three could significantly impact expats in Costa Rica.

A.M. Costa Rica has harped consistently on two of those: the value-added tax and the increase in the income tax. Both were introduced in August 2015 and both have been sitting in the legislature ever since despite pleas turning into what seems to be almost desperation from executive branch officials to pass them. The value-added tax simply includes a new tax for the government to collect revenue on that it could not quite get before.

The reform to the income is presented under the auspices of cleaning up the way it treats capital gains but really promotes a more progressive-based system of taxation and allows for taxing Costa Ricans’ income abroad. That last characteristic is similar to what the U.S. Internal Revenue Service does to U.S. citizens abroad as well.

The other bills held up in the legislature right now imposes a maximum cap on annuities for public servants and is intended to change qualifications to improve the bureaucracy. This was proposed in November 2015. Another bill is called the fiscal responsibility law that seeks to place a cap on public expenditure based on the debt of the central government to the country’s gross-domestic product. It was submitted back in May 2016 for consideration.

The last bill hanging around is on the regímenes de exenciones, or exemption regimes. This defines what is an exemption and a non-restraint for goods. It also says that it will establish controls for the correct use and destination of so-called exonerated goods.

Recently, a bill was passed on personas jurídicas back in March that establised a tax on sociedades mercantiles for using resources in securities. This is expected to go into force Sept. 1, according to Casa Presidencial’s data. There were also an anti-smuggling and tax fraud prevention laws put into force by the legislature. The rest related to pension reforms and limiting transfers of funds for public resources.

The Solís administration takes the position that it has implemented reasonable and efficient as well as transparent fiscal proposals. This comes despite criticism from other sides that the fiscal crisis and the issue of liquidity in government funding has been effectively concealed and ignored under his presidency.

“At this point, the government maintains the position of seeking a responsible management of the situation: it will insist to the deputies in the urgency to advance in the reforms,” Casa Presidencial said in a defiant statement. “It is the latest chapter in a series of efforts to consolidate a tax reform that has neither been relegated nor made impotent.”

Expats can likely breathe easy if they are opposed to the new or increased taxes that may effect their money or that of their companies. The legislature is still unlikely to budge on reforming the system during an election year and in spite of what some may consider simple shouting from an executive branch on the way out. Moreover, the legislature has been known to increase expenditures in the likelihood that those measures would financially survive on borrowed money and borrowed time.


Witnesses summoned for organ case

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Prosecutors Office Against Organized Crime has summoned 25 witnesses in the trial against four doctors and one merchant accused of illegally extracting organs for international traffic.



Officials attached to the Ministerio Público confirmed to A.M. Costa Rica that the trial will start next Sept. 11 and will end sometime around Nov. 30. The case began in 2013, when the Judicial Investigation Organization and the Public Prosecutor's Office made public an investigation against four doctors of the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social and a merchant who sold pizzas near the Hospital Calderón Guardia in San José.



The case was brought to trial in early 2016 and prosecutors say the group approached poor people to offer them money in exchange for organs, mainly kidneys. During the preliminary investigation, it was possible to identify 14 victims who apparently received between $6,000 and $20,000 dollars for their organs. 



For their part, the band members are accused of selling the organs up to $120,000. In addition, the suspects would have used the Caja's facilities for procedures prior to the transplants. Most of the clients were Israeli citizens who came to the country to undergo the operations, according to authorities. 

During the investigation, a forensic report held by the police revealed that 12 victims suffered injuries that decreased their organic capacity by 25 percent.


drug bust
Ministerio Público photo       
Marijuana discovered in Peréz Zeledón raid.

28 arrested on suspected drug ring

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

28 people were arrested Wednesday morning on suspicion of drug trafficking, crimes against life and legitimation of capital.

According to the deputy prosecutor’s office in Pérez Zeledón, alleged members of this criminal organization have been questioned and processed since Wednesday afternoon. A hearing for precautionary measures against these individuals is expected for today at the criminal court in Pérez Zeledón.

A statement from the Ministerio Público said that the defendants, four of whom are women, were arrested in a series of 34 different raids occurring in Pérez Zeledón and Buenos Aires de Puntarenas. Investigators said that the group is allegedly involved in trafficking of cocaine and marijuana but also for collecting money for debts originated by negotiations of narcotics and committing assassinations against competitors.

During one raid alone, police and agents of the Judicial Investigation Organization discovered over 93 packages of compressed marijuana at a home in Pérez Zeledón. The organization controlled the drug market in San Isidro de El General and Buenos Aires with its attempt to expand its territory led to killing their rivals, sad Jorge Chavarría Guzmán, the attorney general.

Prosecutors say two brothers of whom one was already condemned to eight years in jail for drug violations but was let out of jail ran the organization. 13 of the 28 are accused of drug dealing. Three of the 28 are accused in distributing out the narcotics and one is directly associated with legitimizing capital for the organization, prosecutors indicate.



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A.M.
Costa Rica

Third News Page


Published || Thursday Edition, August 24, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 168
Calendar
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Margarita Bertheau work
Museo de Arte Costarricense photo
Work by Margarita Bertheau.
Alfredo Ceibal
MADC photo
Work by Alfredo Ceibal.
Unreleased pieces by famous Tica
to be displayed this coming Friday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Works in watercolor, with oil pastels, in drawing and now the unpublished pieces of Margarita Bertheau will be on display at the Museo de Arte Costarricense this coming Friday.

The Costa Rican artist is famous for her landscapes, portraits and watercolors. However, her geometric, surrealist and abstract work has remained outside the public eye for more than 60 years, according to a statement from the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud. The new exhibit at the museum reveals over 120 unpublished pieces by Ms. Bertheau as well as documents and photos related to her life and relationship with ballet. The opener of the exhibit will be at the museum in Parque La Sabana at 7 p.m. Thursday, organizers said.

Ms. Bertheau was born in San José in 1913 and is considered one of the most important Costa Rican artists of the 20th century. “Although she is known for her landscapes, portraits and nudes, Bertheau made, from the early 50s, surrealist, expressionist and abstract works,” said Sofía Soto-Maffioli, the museum’s director. “Too innovative for their time, these works received harsh criticism and have remained forgotten for more than 60 years.”

Ms. Soto-Maffioli called the artist one of the pioneer artists for the avant-garde movement in Costa Rica. The exhibit will include some of the more famous pieces such as “Yolanda Oreamuno” and the “Cementerio de Escazú.” The new exhibit will be open to the public up through October, organizers said with entry free.

“Together with Francisco Amighetti, they pioneered in the 1940s and 1950s, the development of mural painting techniques adapted to the conditions and materials of the tropics,” a statement from the museum said. “Bertheau died at the age of 62, at her home in Escazú, on Nov. 21, 1975. Numerous portraits, landscapes and interiors are preserved in museum collections in Costa Rica, as well as in some private collections.”

Meanwhile, in the Museo de Arte y Diseño Contemporáneo, there is another exhibit opening Thursday at 6 p.m. Les Megiciens de la terre takes viewers through the magical universe of Guatemalan artist, Alfredo Ceibal, the culture ministry said. “If the spectator watches closely, they will find nature, crime, wars, violence, politics and religion,” a statement from the museum said. “According to the artist, we are dream-makers and from there we make and unravel, we break down worlds and empires to build others.”

Ceibal was originally born in Guatemala City in 1954 and is self-taught in art. He began his career in New York City back in the 1980s and has been featured in the Smithsonian Institution Collection along with the Bronx Museum of the Arts.


Trends in coffee consumption vary
by generation,ULatina study says


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The generation born in the 80s lost the tradition of drinking coffee because nobody taught them or because they do not like the flavor. This means that, in the future, coffee consumption will be a fast ritual, with good quality coffee in hand and in a pleasant context for socialization purposes.



These are some of the findings of the Café study conducted by the Universidad Latina: “From the house to the cafeteria: what happens when an economy shifts from agriculture to services?”

According to the professor and researcher of the study, Juan Aguirre, one of the causes of this reduction in coffee consumption in young people is due to the fact that currently this drink competes in the market with juices, tea, and soft drinks that 50 years ago did not exist.

 The cultural and socio-economic changes have caused consumption of coffee to not grow, which breaks with a coffee tradition of more than 150 years, despite the fact Costa Rica has stood out worldwide as one of the best producers, Aguirre said.



In addition, people born in the 1980s said they stopped drinking coffee because their parents did not teach them to consume this drink.



"The new generations are developing new patterns of food consumption," added Aguirre. "In addition, today's college student is different as he or she works to help fund his studies and has little time for traditional socializations with parents and family.”



The study was applied to 370 students aged 18 to 30 years old in order to know their patterns of coffee consumption. The selection was random, interviews were conducted over a period of three weeks. The sample has a margin of error of five percent.

 According to the data, this group prefers coffee at breakfast and consume, on average, one cup. In the 90's this population consumed almost two and a half cups. In the case of women, 44 percent drink it only at breakfast and 32 percent at breakfast and mid-afternoon.

By comparison, 38 percent of men surveyed drink coffee only at breakfast and 27 percent at breakfast and mid-afternoon.

The 85 percent who drink coffee at least once a day, do so for the socialization followed by tradition, family and culture. In addition, Costa Ricans have changed the meeting place for coffee. Before the 1980's, homes were the meeting places for the whole family.

Now, people prefer this drink in the workplace and in restaurants, as the goal is to socialize, the study says.

In this sense women prefer their homes to drink coffee, while men prefer restaurants. Also, the study found that, of the total of those interviewed, 33 percent who do not drink coffee have switched that out for juice or tea. 

Aguirre said the results of the study intend to support the coffee sector in order to understand the new dynamics of the market and the need for new strategies for Millennials.






Books headline

Brodell Book
Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

By the staff and contributors at A.M. Costa Rica
 (editor)A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca.  
Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Brodell book 2
The Dark Side of Pura Vida: Murder, Betrayal, Abduction and Revenge in the Vacation Paradise

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Trapped in Damas Cave
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New World Meditation
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Life
                          is a Tropical Garden

    Life is a Tropical Garden By Victoria Torley 
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Recommended
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Los Suenos

Crocs

Hacienda
                    Baru
 
Formula Kart
 
Palermo 900
 
Don
                    Wang

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Thursday Edition, August 24, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 168
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Orange peel composting gives Guanacaste preserve more greenery
By the Princeton University press staff

In the mid-1990s, 1,000 truckloads of orange peels and orange pulp were purposefully unloaded onto a barren pasture in a Costa Rican national park. Today, that area is covered in lush, vine-laden forest.

A team led by Princeton University researchers surveyed the land 16 years after the orange peels were deposited. They found a 176 percent increase in aboveground biomass, or the wood in the trees, within the 3-hectare area (7 acres) studied. Their results are published in the journal “Restoration Ecology.”

This story, which involves a contentious lawsuit, showcases the unique power of agricultural waste to not only regenerate a forest but also to sequester a significant amount of carbon at no cost.

“This is one of the only instances I’ve ever heard of where you can have cost-negative carbon sequestration,” said Timothy Treuer, co-lead author of the study and a graduate student in Princeton’s Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

“It’s not just a win-win between the company and the local park. It’s a win for everyone.”

The original idea was sparked by husband-wife team Daniel Janzen and Winnie Hallwachs, both ecologists at the University of Pennsylvania, who worked as researchers and technical advisers for many years at the Área de Conservación Guanacaste in Costa Rica. Janzen and Ms. Hallwachs have focused the latter half of their careers on ensuring a future for endangered tropical forest ecosystems.

In 1997, Janzen and Ms. Hallwachs presented an attractive deal to Del Oro, an orange juice manufacturer that had just begun production along the northern border of the preserve. If Del Oro would donate part of their forested land to the preserve, the company could deposit its orange peel waste for biodegradation, at no cost, on degraded land within the park.

But a year after the contract was signed, during which time 12,000 metric tons of orange peels were unloaded onto the degraded land, TicoFruit, a rival company, sued, arguing the company had defiled a national park. The rival company won the case in front of Costa Rica’s Corte Suprema and the orange-peel-covered land was largely overlooked for the next 15 years.

In the summer of 2013, Treuer was discussing potential research avenues with Janzen when they discussed the site in Costa Rica. Janzen said that, while taxonomists visited the area, no one had really done a thorough evaluation.

So, while on another research trip to Costa Rica, Treuer decided to stop by the site to see what had changed over the past decade.

“It was so completely overgrown with trees and vines that I couldn’t even see the 7-foot-long sign with bright yellow lettering marking the site that was only a few feet from the road,” Treuer said.

“I knew we needed to come up with some really robust metrics to quantify exactly what was happening and to back up this eye-test, which was showing up at this place and realizing visually how stunning the difference was between fertilized and unfertilized areas.”

Treuer studied the area with Jonathan Choi, who, at the time, was a senior studying ecology and evolutionary biology at Princeton. Choi turned the project into his senior thesis.

“The site was more impressive in person than I could’ve imagined,” Choi said.

Aerial photo
Princeton University photo    
Aerial map showing demarcation between the area enriched by orange peels and the rest of the park.


Before, during, after
Science Daily photo     
The results of the orange peel dumping.

“While I would walk over exposed rock and dead grass in the nearby fields, I’d have to climb through undergrowth and cut paths through walls of vines in the orange peel site itself.”

The research team evaluated two sets of soil samples to determine whether the orange peels enriched the soil’s nutrients. The first set of samples was collected and analyzed in 2000 by co-author Laura Shanks of Beloit College, and the second set was collected in 2014 by Choi. Shanks’ data were never published, so her analysis was combined with Choi’s for the purposes of this study. The samples were analyzed using different but comparable methods.


To quantify changes in vegetation structure, the researchers established several transects within the orange waste treatment area. These transects were 100-meter-long parallel lines throughout the forest, where all trees within 3 meters were measured and tagged.

This was done to see how much growth was brought on by the orange peels. For a comparison, the researchers constructed a similar set of routes on the pasture on the other side of the road, which hadn’t been covered in orange peels. They measured tree diameter and identified all species within both areas.


They found dramatic differences between the areas covered in orange peels and those that were not. The area fertilized by orange waste had richer soil, more tree biomass, greater tree-species richness and greater forest canopy closure.

“Plenty of environmental problems are produced by companies, which, to be fair, are simply producing the things people need or want,” said study co-author David Wilcove, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and public affairs and the Princeton Environmental Institute.

“But an awful lot of those problems can be alleviated if the private sector and the environmental community work together. I’m confident we’ll find many more opportunities to use the ‘leftovers’ from industrial food production to bring back tropical forests. That’s recycling at its best.”


The paper, “Low-cost agricultural waste accelerates tropical forest regeneration,” was published Aug. 22 in “Restoration Ecology.”


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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page

Published || Thursday Edition, August 24, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 168
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Pioneer monument
Voice of America photo       
The Pioneer statue in San Francisco, California.

Historic monuments called
racist by Native Americans

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In the wake of racial violence in Virginia sparked by the planned removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, cities across America have removed or relocated a number statues and monuments that speak to a history of racism in the United States. But Native American commentators say far less attention is given to monuments commemorating historic figures responsible for centuries of violence and suppression of their ancestors.

The first monument to Christopher Columbus in Baltimore, Maryland, was erected in 1792 to mark the 300th anniversary of Columbus’ so-called discovery of America. Dozens of Columbus monuments exist across the U.S. Native Americans view him as the man who opened the door to the genocide of their ancestors.

The Pioneer Monument in San Francisco, California, completed in 1897 by sculptor F.H. Happersberger, depicts a half-naked “Indian” sitting submissively at the feet of a Spanish settler and a Catholic priest. Spanish Franciscan missionary priests set up missions across California, where they imposed their faith upon “heathen Indians” often by force. Later, Catholic boarding schools were the chief instrument of forced assimilation into Christianity and Western culture.

Douglas Tilden sculpted the Bear Hunt Statue, erected at the California School for the Deaf in Fremont, in 1892. It depicts two Native American men - again, half-naked - locked in combat with a mother bear. “Tilden’s ‘Indian’ was crafted in the same historical era as a number of other artworks that conveyed Native images as the defeated warrior, the primitive, and subhuman,” wrote sociologist Richard Clark Eckert, a deaf member of the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Ojibwe, in Indian Country Today in 2014.

The Junipero Serra statue at the Mission Santa Ines in Solvang, California pays tribute to the man who brought Christianity to California 300 years ago, founding nearly two dozen missions set up to convert and civilize tribal people. Tribes see nothing to celebrate: historic documentation shows that Serra - who was named a saint in 2015 - enslaved and tortured Native Americans into abandoning their religions and culture.

Clark Mills sculpted Andrew Jackson Monument, Washington, D.C., in 1852. The statue is dedicated to the controversial seventh U.S. president. Jackson oversaw the forced removal of Creeks and Cherokee from their homelands in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee along a westward “Trail of Tears” in which thousands of tribal people died. His action paved the way for the cotton industry in the South, built on the backs of African slaves.

The other statues include the:  George Armstrong Custer Equestrian Monument, located in Custer’s hometown of Monroe, Michigan and the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Keystone, South Dakota.


Rotterdam concert canceled
after terror attack warning


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Officials in the Dutch port city of Rotterdam on Wednesday canceled a performance by the American rock group Allah-Las following a tip from Spanish police that a terror attack might be imminent.

Rotterdam Mayor Ahmed Aboutaleb said at a hastily arranged news conference that police were questioning the driver of a van loaded with gas tanks that was found near the concert venue. The vehicle was registered in Spain.

Concert organizer Rotown said on Twitter that the concert venue, a former grain silo and elevator called Maassilo, had been evacuated. The decision to cancel the event was made less than an hour before doors were to open to the public.

Dutch television images from Maassilo showed officers wearing body armor, escorting a group thought to be members of the band, whose name refers to the Islamic deity. Aboutaleb said Spanish police reported the terror threat just hours before the California band was due to take the stage, and the tip was serious enough to warrant canceling the concert. However, he added, no link had yet been established between the alleged attack plan uncovered by Spanish police and the van, which explosives experts were searching.

The Allah-Las group is from Los Angeles. The four musicians told the British newspaper The Guardian last year that they chose Allah, the Arabic name for God, for their group's name because they wanted something holy sounding and did not realize it might cause offense.

Details of the threat relayed to Rotterdam from Spain were not disclosed. Spanish police have been investigating deadly vehicle attacks that killed 15 people in and near Barcelona last week.

They have recovered bomb-making equipment that included more than 100 tanks of butane gas, nails and 500 liters of highly flammable acetone.


China and Russia object
to new U.S. sanctions


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Chinese and Russian officials have expressed objections to sanctions the United States imposed Tuesday against several companies for allegedly supporting North Korea's nuclear program.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a news briefing the sanctions are not helping U.S.-China cooperation on efforts to rein in North Korean nuclear activity.

She said the United States should immediately correct its mistake, and reiterated China's calls for restraint and dialogue to resolve the situation with North Korea.

At the United Nations, Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia echoed one of his government’s ministers who said it is another unfriendly move by the United States.

“We strongly condemn unilateral sanctions, not only those aimed at us, but at anybody,” Nebenzia. He said if Washington wanted to sanction third parties, it should do so through existing channels, namely the U.N. sanctions committee for North Korea. There it could put forward names of individuals or companies it believes is violating sanctions and seek to have them added to the sanctions list.

The U.S. Treasury Department announced the sanctions Tuesday, saying they were a complement to a U.N. Security Council resolution passed earlier this month that applied new sanctions against North Korea and condemned the country's ballistic missile tests. China and Russia were among the countries that unanimously approved the August 5th resolution.

A U.S. Treasury statement listed 10 companies and six people, including Chinese coal, steel and financial firms, as well as three Russian individuals.

"It is unacceptable for individuals and companies in China, Russia, and elsewhere to enable North Korea to generate income used to develop weapons of mass destruction and destabilize the region," said Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. "We are taking actions consistent with U.N. sanctions to show that there are consequences for defying sanctions and providing support to North Korea, and to deter this activity in the future."


Taliban child brides trapped
as sex slaves and invisible


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Fatima's Taliban husband was so controlling that he refused to allow her to bathe and threatened to burn her face if she dared wear makeup, suspicious that his 12-year-old Afghan wife was trying to make herself attractive to other men.

He would not let her step outside their home in Afghanistan's western Farah Province, even when she fell sick, and beat her for burning her hand baking bread, complaining that her mother had taught her nothing to justify the dowry he paid.

"He became my lawful husband and began to rape me and beat me every single day for not consenting," said the 18-year-old, who would not give her full name.

Child and forced marriage are outlawed but remain common in Afghanistan, particularly among poor families eager for dowries. Half of all girls are married by the age of 15.

Among the most invisible victims are the wives of Islamist Taliban hardliners who, when in power, barred women from education and most work and ordered them to wear burqas outside the home, before being overthrown in 2001 by U.S.-led forces.

"Being family members of the most dangerous and ruthless fighters who have plenty of enemies among the people makes it difficult for these women," said Shukria Barakzai, a parliamentarian and women's rights campaigner. "They are treated as sex slaves and left completely helpless."

When their militant husbands die, life often gets worse for young Taliban brides. Their families are too scared to take them in, society treats them as pariahs, and they risk further violent abuse as unprotected single women.

A Taliban spokesman, Zabihullah Mujahid, estimates that several hundred women become Taliban widows each year. "My brother-in-law was planning to force me to marry him and sell my four-year-old daughter to a Taliban commander," she said, referring to the dowry that would be paid for her child.

"This evil plan agonized me and at the same time emboldened me to run away, regardless of the consequences."

Under the pretext of attending a village wedding with her mother-in-law, Fatima ran away with her child. Her father would not take her in, but her cousins helped her get to Kabul.

"Every one of my in-laws is a Taliban member and they vowed to slay my whole family to bring justice," she said. To the Taliban, justice means killing Fatima and her family for the shame she brought by running away from home.

Zari, another Taliban widow, who was forcibly married at the age of 14, was not so lucky.

Three years after her husband died in a suicide attack, she remains trapped in southern Afghanistan's Helmand Province, tormented by his cousins who rape her repeatedly and are raising her sons, aged nine and 11, to become jihadis.

The men, who are members of the Taliban, come to the house where she lives with her elderly mother-in-law a couple of times a week to rape her, threatening to kill her if she tells anyone.

Neither the government nor rights groups can access Taliban widows living with their in-laws in remote, rebel-controlled territory. Conflict makes it impossible for them to provide for themselves, forcing them to live with their in-laws.

Afghanistan has about 5 million widows, said a spokeswoman for the women's affairs ministry, Kobra Rezai. It can only afford to provide about 100,000 of them with about $100 a month in financial support and skills training, she said.

The government does not want to be seen to be supporting them, Rezai said, a position condemned by Barakzai, the parliamentarian.


Pakistan-U.S. meet
Pakistan military courtesy photo       
Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa meets with U.S. Ambassador David Hale.

Pakistan Army chief refutes
Trump’s accusations


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Pakistan’s military chief reacted strongly Wednesday to President Donald Trump’s accusations that Islamabad takes billions of dollars in aid money from Washington and helps militants plotting deadly terrorist attacks against American troops in Afghanistan.

“We are not looking for any material or financial assistance from USA, but trust, understanding and acknowledgement of our contributions,” Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa told the U.S. ambassador in a meeting at Pakistan army’s headquarters in Rawalpindi.

While announcing his long-awaited Afghan policy, Trump harshly criticized Pakistan, asserting Washington is paying Islamabad billions of dollars, but the South Asian nation is sheltering the terrorists U.S. forces are fighting on the other side of the border.

Bajwa in his meeting with Ambassador David Hale reiterated that peace in Afghanistan is as important for Pakistan as for any other country. The general underscored the need for collaboration and synergy of effort among stakeholders to successfully bring the long Afghan war to its logical conclusion.

U.S. and Afghan officials allege the Pakistani military’s spy agency is facilitating Taliban insurgents and militants of the dreaded Haqqani network to launch attacks in Afghanistan.

Hale said the United States values Pakistan’s role in the war against terrorism and seeks cooperation from Islamabad to resolve the Afghan issue, according to the army statement.

Pakistani security forces have uprooted all terrorist bases on their soil, including that of the Haqqani network, and have also shared evidence with top American military officials who visited Islamabad just days before Trump delivered his speech, officials insist.

A separate statement from Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry said it is disappointing the U.S. president ignored the enormous sacrifices Pakistanis have made in fighting terrorism.

“No country in the world has suffered more than Pakistan from the scourge of terrorism, often perpetrated from outside our borders,” according to the ministry.

It did not name any country, but Islamabad consistently accuses rival India of using New Delhi’s growing influence, particularly in security institutions of Afghanistan to support and orchestrate terrorist attacks in Pakistan.

The ministry statement attempted to link Afghan stability to the resolution of Pakistan’s long-running Kashmir territorial dispute with India.


Myanmar residents rate
Suu Kyi government


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Aung San Suu Kyi’s new government received a mix of encouraging and discouraging feedback in the first major survey of public opinion in Myanmar since the National League for Democracy officially took power more than a year ago.

Carried out from March 9 to April 1 by Myanmar Survey Research under the auspices of the U.S.-based International Republican Institute, the poll sought answers from thousands of residents in 15 different regions and states.

The findings, released on August 22 in Yangon, were all the more revealing when stacked up against results from a similar IRI survey carried out under the military-backed administration of President Thein Sein in 2014, with the current government not faring as well by comparison.

Fewer think Myanmar is headed in the right direction.

For instance, 88 percent of respondents said the country was headed in the right direction in 2014, versus 75 percent in the new poll. Some 73 percent appraised the economic situation as somewhat good in 2014, versus 53 percent today. Asked if the current government was doing a good job, 58 percent said it was, but that number dipped from 69 percent three years ago.

The 2014 poll results raised eyebrows among some observers who thought it overstated support for the military.

In a way, however, the numbers are not shocking. Though Myanmar was still racked by conflict, Thein Sein headed up welcome reforms that included ending pre-publication censorship, freeing political prisoners and broadening access to the Internet, creating stark contrasts with the days of junta rule.

But the military retains significant levels of ministerial and parliamentary control through the constitution, and some have suggested the NLD's election landslide in 2015 raised unrealistic hopes that Myanmar would improve rapidly now that Aung San Suu Kyi was at the helm. A year later, the reality may be settling in.

The questions posed in the survey ranged widely, covering socioeconomic issues, the media, regional autonomy, natural resources and state-level parliaments, said Darin Bielecki, resident program officer for IRI.

“We surveyed 3,000 people across the country, which is a very big sample size,” he said.

The opinion poll revealed contrasts between international and local perceptions.

Aung San Suu Kyi has faced criticism for not speaking up in defense of human rights and ethnic minorities. But in the survey, the performance of the economy weighed most heavily on the minds of those interviewed, with most saying it should be the number one priority, and 60 percent preferring prosperity to a democratic form of government.

Still, there were bright spots. More than 50 percent of respondents said things had gotten better when it comes to the democratic process over the past year, while only 31 percent said the situation remained the same and 8 percent thought it had gotten worse. More than a third of respondents said for the most part people are not afraid to express political views, though only a slightly smaller number said, most are afraid.

Aung San Suu Kyi’s government has placed great weight on peace talks with ethnic armed groups, and has largely advocated a peace before development of a position. Sectarian conflict and the peace process ranked high among concerns, but not above the economy.

Nyan Win, a member of the NLD’s Central Executive Committee, said while he had not seen the results of the survey, he is not surprised the economy featured prominently, saying it was the most important thing for our country. But he reiterated that stopping conflict would have to come first.

The margin of error in the poll was plus or minus 1.8 percent.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Hotel in
                                Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Can build 1550 Sqm. 7 meters high zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Costa Rica
                                  Penthouse

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
9132-6/1/17


Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
9189-9/2/17

Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
                                rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
                                rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Hotel in
                                  Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
                                  Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
                                    Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Related

Costa Rica
                                    Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

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Published || Thursday Edition, August 24, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 168
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News from the BBC up to the minute



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Lumber site
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo         
Police discover a lumber operation in Guatuso.

Police stop illegal lumber operation

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Police in Guatuso seized about 833 feet worth of wood as well as lumber cutting and wood furnishing equipment Tuesday.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, officers were visiting a farm in Cabanga de Guatuso in the northern part of Costa Rica. Police said that several men were cutting and sawing away at a tree known as Cebo, or vochysia guatemalensis. This tree is considered protected and is not allowed to be harvested as lumber. The officers arrested the men and confiscated all the material.

Aside from the Cebo wood, police also found 34 blocks and 53 logs of Laurel wood, about 17 feet of the species in rectangular pieces along with the wood saw and polishing machine. All were sent to judicial authorities.

The security ministry also said police detained another man for illegally transporting wood. This was also done in Guatuso while police were conducting a normal road checkpoint. When officers saw the wood, they asked for the corresponding transport permits. The driver did not have these apparently.

Fuerza Pública then seized about 290 boards of Cebo wood. All the confiscated lumber from both cases was sent to officials at the Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía.

Guatuso is located just north of Nuevo Arenal in Alajuela province.


Firefighter exercise
Joint Task-Force Bravo photo       
Firefighters training with U.S. military personnel  in Honduras.

Costa Rica's Bomberos participate
in U.S. military's firefighting exercise

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Joint exercises by firefighters from Central America and the United States kicked off this past week that included Costa Rica’s own Bomberos.

Joint Task Force-Bravo of the United States Military’s Southern Command is organizing Centamsmoke, as the weeklong training series is called. Thirty firefighters from the region and the U.S. are participating in the regional exercise to share the latest firefighting techniques.

It is being held at the Soto Cano Air Base in Honduras and is supposed to improve the firefighters’ skills in demanding environments. “Costa Rica has been well-represented by the Benemérito Cuerpo de Bomberos de Costa Rica for another year,” a statement from the U.S. Embassy in Costa Rica said.

The idea of Centamsmoke is to promote regional cooperation in emergency situations as well,
according to a statement issued by Joint Task Force-Bravo.




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From page 7:

World Bank approves of Reventazón plant

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Reventazón hydroelectricity plant received a nod from officials at the World bank for its construction, environmental impact and in risk assessment.

According to a statement from the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, the ratings were announced at a workshop this past week and were presented by the Canadian-based engineering consulting firm Golder Associates. “We find that Reventazón has fulfilled and has generated very good international practices in its construction,” said Ruth Tiffer Sotomayor, an environmental specialist for the World Bank in Latin America.

The plant is first public plant in Central America and the Caribbean to undergo the evaluation by the World Bank under the protocol set by it, the International Hydropower Association and the Inter-American Development Bank. Both banks are major creditors for the construction of the project, touted as one of Costa Rica’s most ambitious public works projects. Final results will be announced at the end of September to the public, including all hydroelectric plants in Costa Rica.

Reventazón first launched back in 2016 after five years of construction. Upon completion, it had the largest dam in Central America reaching 430 feet. The total cost for the project was up to $1.4 billion. ICE said at the time of its completion that the power project has completed final tests with the national grid and that initially one of four turbines will provide 73 megawatts of power. The capacity is estimated at 305.5 megawatts. The power was enough for 125,000 homes and 2 million persons. The project takes water for the Río Reventazón via a 4.2-kilometer tunnel. That’s about 2.6 miles.

During its construction, environmentalists said the use of river water might damage the passage of migratory fish, and the project also has been accused of severing a wildlife corridor. Residents in the area also complained about shifts in the ground due to the weight of the water accumulated in the reservoir.