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August 14, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 160
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Heredia
                            funeral
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo     
Ramírez's funeral. Police deaths in the line of duty are a rare affair in Costa Rica.
Police killings are rare anomaly within Costa Rica
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

This past weekend, two members of the Fuerza Pública were killed in two separate incidents.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the first incident happened at San Ramón in Alajuela. 49-year old Alfonso López López was killed when his police motorcycle collided with another vehicle. His patrol partner, Jacqueline Lobo Umaña was also injured during the incident, officials said, and was eventually taken to Hospital México. The driver involved was immediately arrested, police said.

The second incident occurred Saturday morning when a truck trailer was reported stolen on its way to Aventuras Zurquí at San Isidro de Heredia. The public security ministry said that several individuals shot at the officers when they arrived on the property where the trailer was allegedly being held.

Police officials said Oscar Ramírez Vindas was shot in the neck and died on site while his partner was transferred to Hospital de Heredia with a wound in his jaw. The Fuerza Pública eventually detained two people.

According to the Judicial Investigation Organization that took over further investigation and proceedings with the case, the second case occurred after midnight. The trailer had been stolen hours before in Puntarenas and was tracked via the GPS device attached to it. In addition to the wound to his neck, Ramírez was also shot in the abdomen. The suspects fled the scene shortly thereafter.

The truck trailer was carrying a load of fish, according to judicial agents. The driver had stopped to urinate and was grappled and tied up by several persons who put him in the cabin and took him. After traveling several kilometers, they stopped and took the trailer and left the driver in the cabin off the Florencio del Castillo freeway. He managed to apparently free himself and ask for help, the judicial report explained.

Agents are still searching for the suspects. Neither of these incidents appears to be related to organized crime or drug activity. No drugs were announced to have been discovered at either scenes of the crime by judicial or police authorities.

Police officers getting killed in the line of duty are a rare occurrence in Costa Rica based on recent data provided by the public security ministry.

Andrade
                              embraces relative
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo       
Police commissioner Andrade embraces relative of Ramírez at funeral.

So far, four officers have been killed in 2017 including these two most recent deaths. The other two deaths occurred in March and June respectively. Both were due to traffic-related incidents, the ministry said.

Since 1999, only 35 police officers have been killed in the line of duty including the four this year. In fact, most years saw only one policeman killed with the high points being six killed in 2006 and 2009.  Compiling the data together shows an average of 1.47 deaths per year.

With 2017 almost two-thirds of the way done, the four deaths this year has already met last year’s total at four.

This could suggest an uptick in police actions related with organized crime and drug trafficking, however based on this year, most of the deaths were related to careless drivers or traffic-related incidents rather than being killed in a gunfight or chasing down suspects.

The main premise that security officials could use in these incidences is demanding more funds for police equipment to be better able to defend against these types of occasions.

It could also be touted as an example of what a lack of support from some in government is alleged to show with relation to the police force in its efforts against criminal activity.

The funerals for both officers were held Sunday. López’s was held in Nicoya while Ramírez’s was held in San Isidro de Heredia. The police commissioner and vice-minister for the public security ministry, Juan José Andrade, attended the latter’s funeral.



Expats can protect themselves in financial climate
By Jay Brodell,
Editor Emeritus of A.M. Costa Rica

The finance minister made a solid observation last week when he said that current laws do not tax the most dynamic sectors of the economy or some obvious manifestations of wealth.

The minister, Helio Fallas, was trying to lay the groundwork for another attempt to pass higher taxes. But the real truth of his observation is that certain sectors of the economy are dynamic because they are not taxed. Meanwhile other sectors are struggling.

For expats, the big question is: how can they defend themselves from a financially strapped government? Last week was not a good one for officials after President Luis Guillermo Solís told a television audience that the country faced a liquidity crisis. That is not big news. The country has been paying about half its annual budget with borrowed money, and the bond market is starting to become unkind.

A.M. Costa Rica has warned repeatedly of the grim financial situation. The real problem is that government officials are extraordinarily generous to various pressure groups.

One example is the $52 million farmer’s market going up in Sardinal. Government officials have chosen to go into competition against the Walmart conglomerate.

Then there is the $35 million convention center west of San José. The tourism sector is thrilled because they see great floods of well-heeled convention goers. Their enthusiasm might be dampened is they read the government’s own feasibility report more closely. The authors of the report said that the convention center will take great chunks of income from some of the business people who are cheering for it now. The convention center also is being financed by the airline tourism tax.

Observers can wonder why the government has really made these decisions. Certainly there is a lot of money to be made setting up bond issues for cash-strapped countries.

Government officials only will adopt frugal policies if they have to do so. A good bet is that the country will go into default on its foreign bond holders just as Argentina did in 2001. There does not seem to be any option. The only question is the date.

Two international arbitration cases might be the proverbial straws if Costa Rica comes out on the losing end. Fortunately the expat economy, including real estate, seems to be separate from the general economy. There are, however, some steps expats should consider.

So, expats certainly will want to divest from any Costa Rica bonds they might hold, despite the attractive interest rate.

They also will want to begin moving any cash from the country’s state banks. Of course they will receive a fake exchange rate on any colones being moved into dollars. The Banco Central has been spending millions to maintain a favorable climate for the colon and now plans to borrow nearly $1 billion to continue to do so.

Fortunately many expats receive their money from overseas pensions or other income.

When they buy real estate, the wise expat will get the biggest mortgage denominated in colones possible. Costa Rica last had a debt crisis in the early 1980s when the value of the colon went from 8 to the U.S. dollar to 62 to the U.S. dollar in less than two years. Those with debts denominated in colons should have been dancing in the streets.

Even the international organizations that support the government’s efforts to raise taxes agree that such increase alone will not bail out the government.

The problem with taxes is that lawmakers always overestimate the potential income. The Registro Nacional just dissolved 200,000 sociedades anónimas which had not paid the corporate taxes. The government was counting on this money.

Higher taxes also encourages evasion and smuggling. Judicial agents just arrested a man and some government customs employees on the allegation that $400,000 in ice cream machines came into the country without the owner making the required payments. Such evasion is frequent, as is the corruption that allows it.

Already the government taxes 13 percent of retail sales. The current proposal is for 15 percent as a value-added tax that basically taxes the prior taxes all along the manufacturing chain.

Shoppers in Costa Rica also face prices that reflect the mandatory social security fees for the Caja Costarricense de Seguridad Social. Even for a small firm that can be $2,000 or more a month.

At restaurants the diner has to pay a mandatory 10 percent tip as well as the sales tax, which might explain why even some of the top eating spots are struggling.

There are steps that the government could take to ease the crises and eventually work its way out of debt. But most of these actions would take legislative support and courageous central government officials. That combination is highly unlikely.







Remarkable
                            Tales

16th anniversary edition

Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca. 


Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Monday Edition, August 14, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 160
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
Psychotherapy




Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
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 • Trauma EMDR click here
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CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
doclucinda@gmail.com
www.LucindaGray.com
Learn more about 
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9057-2/25/17


U.S. Income Tax
Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

Marlene Summers
The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.

Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.

If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

You can file current or past due FBARs without payment to meet IRS  requirements.

If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

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and Silicon Valley.
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Phone (506) 2289-6590 ; Cell (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17

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Jacqui Monacell
Your “go to” person in Costa Rica!

Jacqui Monacell

With over 20 years of experience in Costa Rica, we understand the inner-workings of the “Tico system” and offer a wide range of services for newcomers and expatriates!

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Visit our website to read more about our services and peruse our testimonials to see why we are recommended throughout the community!
Call or write us for more information and we will contact you the same day!
Costa Rica Phones: (506) 8878-4932 / (506) 2271-1845 / (506) 2271-1844
Email: info@yourcostaricacontact.com
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9243-8/17/17


Legal Services

American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


MBC

* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
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Our Business/Construction Unit
will be glad to assist you on:
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Phone:​(506) 2239-4883 
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​​leandro@mbcproductscr.com
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*Offices conveniently located in Rohrmoser and Belén-Heredia / Costa Rica
9226-12/7/17


Adrian Fernandez
Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
Notary services and registrations. Collections and foreclosures. Real estate and litigation. Corporate Law. Immigration. Estate planning wills and testaments, probate.

I provide the highest professional standards. Official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.

 Call me for advice
    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
    Email: ajfernandez@racsa.co.cr
    Law Office is conveniently located near  Mall San Pedro, 350 meters south  from the Hyundai dealer, Los Yoses, San José.
9181-7/3/17

Real estate agents and services

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
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Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
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Dentistry

Dental
                                                      Services rollover
Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
Where Science and Art meet!
www.dentalservicescostarica.com

Give yourself a bright and healthy smile.  Our professional practice is geared to exceptional quality in all procedures.   We are dedicated to technical perfection using cutting-edge technology.     

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Contact us:
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cell: +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@dentalservicescostarica.com
Web:  www.dentalservicescostarica.com
8758-9/18/17

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
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Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José. Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520  or ( 506) 2233-2455
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
9165-5/22/17

Residency experts

resdiency

JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
    Marriage/Relation (Vinculo): For those married to or related to a Costa Rican citizen.


WHICH OPTION IS BEST FOR YOU?
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience.
Javier Zavaleta
Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
9071-3/19/17
9071-3/19/17

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica
U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
9179-9/17/17

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $102,100 for 2017).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FATCA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.
Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
8984-4/6/17

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
 
Paintings    Sculptures    Murals 
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  Works on paper restoration
Gilbert Carmichael
  Conservation Curatorial  services
  Art expert services
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  Condition evaluation
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  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please call (506) 8388-5328 or  email cocopopcr@yahoo.com
9212-5/9/17

Persona jurídica tax date in three weeks

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The collection of the new tax on personas jurídicas is coming Friday Sept. 1, according to a statement from the Ministerio de Hacienda.

Those who are obligated to pay must do so according to the proportional amount of the tax from Sept. 1 to Dec. 31, 2017, the finance ministry said. The tax can be broken down into four categories based on the percentage that particular subgroups are expected to pay. Three of these subgroups need to pay about 15 percent of the monthly base salary. For 2017, the base salary is 426,200 colones.

Exemptions to the tax include those marked as small and medium-sized businesses registered with the Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Comercio and the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería. However, in order to guarantee the exemption, both ministries must provide tax authorities with the lists to update the database and identify those exempt, Hacienda said.

These specific subgroups are: companies not registered in the Registro Único Tributario such as those who pay the impuesto sobre la renta; companies that are incorporated or registered during the fiscal period; and reporting companies, or sociedades declarantes, in the impuesto sobre la renta. These three tax groups pay 15 percent.

The next tax category of 25 percent are: companies registered in the Régimen de Tributación Simplificada, and contributing companies to the impuesto sobre la renta that reported a gross income less than 120 base salaries in the last statement prior to the upcoming persona jurídica tax date.

Companies paying the impuesto sobre la renta that reported a gross income of between 120 ad 280 salaries in its last tax statement prior are expected to pay 30 percent, Hacienda said. The last tax category of 50 percent includes companies that reported over 280 base salaries in its last statement.

By January 2018, the total corresponding to the 2018 period will have to be paid by applying the same percentages on the base salary in force of that year.

“All commercial companies, branches of a foreign company or its representative and the limited liability companies registered with the Registro de Personas Jurídicas in the Registro Nacional, are also taxpayers,” the finance ministry said in a statement.

“It also includes foreign houses, sociedad anónima, sociedad de responsabilidad limitada, sociedad en comandita, sociedad colectiva and individual limited liability companies.”

Taxpayers can pay this via bank wire or directly in authorized banks and entities. Finance officials said that those who do not comply within 30 days of September must assume the costs and the corresponding penalty for late payment.

The money from this tax is supposed to be directed to the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública to finance its policing as well the justice ministry for reintroduction programs for prisoners and the judiciary for its work on organized crime.


Gas hike graph
RECOPE graph         
Changes in gas prices reflected in this graph.

RECOPE announces hike in gas prices

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Erratic behavior on the exchange and the international oil market is going to cause a hike in gas prices this coming September, according to the Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo.

The regional petroleum giant said that the Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos is requesting an increase in fuel prices to reflect the changes in the exchange rate and the behavior of the international fuel market. Costa Rica already maintains some of the highest gas prices for the region.

RECOPE said that the last month generated a significant increase in oil production from Nigeria and Libya, both countries who are exempt from the OPEC agreement. The company cited analyses from Platts, a monitor of global petroleum production and prices, that said that Libya’s production increased by 180,000 barrels a day in July.

Meanwhile, Nigeria upped its production to 30,000 more barrels a day reaching 1.8 million. However, the boom in oil is not expected to last as both countries should join the current policy of cutting production in compliance with OPEC.

Meantime, the U.S. Dept. of Energy said that crude oil inventories in the United States declined to less than 500 million barrels leading to a fluctuation in crude oil prices. Prices of finished products is increasing also due to an increased demand due to the vacation season in the U.S.

Meanwhile in Costa Rica, the colon devalued to almost 576 colones. This has led to the requested prices from ARESEP: 600 colones per liter for super blend, 574 colones per liter for plus gasoline, 488 colones for diesel per liter. RECOPE did not announce a change in the price of regular gasoline.


Three detained for police masquerade

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Officers of the Fuerza Pública in Alajuela Centro detained three people Thursday night suspected for impersonating police officers to commit crimes.

According to a statement from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the suspects were caught in a car wash facility. Two are teenagers, aged 16 and 17 years old respectively. The police report said that the trio carried two revolvers and allegedly threatened several employees at the car wash.

Police were making rounds in a busy sector of Alajuela when they surprised the suspects apparently committing the crime. The juveniles remain under the order of the juvenile criminal court in Alajuela.

The security ministry reminds people that the police uniform are blue with the shield of the Fuerza Pública on the left sleeve with the Costa Rican flag on the right. The last name of the officer is also located on the right side of the shirt while the left reads Fuerza Pública. The bulletproof vest worn by officers also is reflective with the word Policía on it, officials said.


Our reader's opinion
Urgent need for blood donations
not so urgent for staff


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

After reading about the urgent need for blood donations in Costa Rica and the ability to donate at any of the public hospitals, I went to my nearest public hospital, Calderón Guardia, last Friday to donate.  I arrived around noon, well before the 1:30 p.m. advertised cutoff time, and even well before the hospital’s inconsistently posted 1 p.m. cutoff time.

Things started looking iffy as soon as I arrived and had difficulty finding the room where blood donations are accepted.  It was not well marked, and I had to ask four different staff members for directions. Although only one didn’t know and incorrectly told me to take a number and wait in the wrong waiting area, I knew better than to take her advice.  Two other staff members gestured in roughly the right direction, while a fourth finally told me the exact room.

Upon entering the room, things looked iffier still.  The only people in it were two staff members, and they were both engrossed in their personal cell phones.  Neither said anything to me, and each gave me the impression that it would be rude for me to interrupt them.  I therefore took a seat and waited for someone to notice my presence.

While seated, I saw a small sign saying that donors should check in with the receptionist.  Great, this was information I needed.  But when I looked around for a receptionist, I found an office marked “receptionist” with nobody in it.

A few minutes later a Latina came into the room.  In what seemed an expression of cultural loyalty, one of the staff members looked up from her phone and asked the newcomer if she wanted to donate blood. When the Latina said yes, she was told to take a seat, and that’s where that conversation ended.

The Latina and I spent a few minutes exchanging glances expressing our shared confusion.  Didn’t we both make special trips to the hospital during the scheduled hours to do the Good Samaritan thing, and shouldn’t the staff at least give us more information than “take a seat” in a room without any visible activity?

Eventually another staff member emerged from a backroom.  Addressing the Latina while making side glances at me, the emergent employee explained that they were all on lunch break.  If we cared to wait, the employee advised, we could, but she didn’t bother to tell us how long we would have to wait and suggested that we might prefer to return
mañana.

The Latina and I took the hint and left.  I can’t say what she will do, but I can say that I’m not going back.  When the hospital staff isn’t available to accept blood donations during the posted hours during a critical blood shortage, prospective donors have to be more than Good Samaritans to continue trying.

Unfortunately, I’m not terribly surprised.  As a former patient at and later would-be visitor to Hospital Calderón Guardia, I’m well aware that the hospital operates for the benefit of the staff more so than the patients.

Ken Morris
San Pedro

News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Third News Page


Published || Monday Edition, August 14, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 160
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DES-Encuentros
Universidad de Costa Rica photo       
More than a story, the play showcases multiple stories
about all of us.


DES-Encuentros performance weaves multiple coming-of-age stories in one

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A group of theater students at the Universidad de Costa Rica are inspired by those events in life that are impossible to forget.

“The memories of childhood, surviving adolescence and the uncertainty of becoming a adult and face real life are just examples of events that mark people and can even be traumatic,” the university said in describing the performances.

DES-Encuentros was born from the lives of seven students in the Escuela de Artes Dramáticas. What makes this unique is that the group decided to not simply recreate an existing play but create a story of their own using a theater technique called collective creation. This is where people would create a collection of anecdotes and memories to make the audience, and actors alike, consider the most diverse questions that people face throughout their lives.

“The result of the work is an intense and energetic show that moves away from the typical theatrical structure and leaves the timeline to face the spectators with situations that could perfectly be their own,” the university said.

It does not target a specific audience and each person is intended to enjoy their own individual interpretation, said Liliana Biamonte, the director of the montage.

DES-Encuentros will be presented at the Teatro Universitario from Thursday to Saturday at 8 p.m. and on Sundays at 6 p.m. Tickets cost 5,000 colones for the general public and 4,000 colones for students and senior citizens. Reservations can be made by calling the university theater. The show will be ongoing until Aug. 27, organizers said.



El
                                  Bello Mundo Marino
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo       
Roxana Sandí's art takes the sea into a colorful abstract.

A vision into the depths of the sea with abstract perspective and color

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

With a creative vision full of color, figures and text, Roxana Sandí seeks to take art fans on a trip to the depths of the sea and discover its secrets and beauty.

According to a statement from the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud, El Bello Mundo Marino is the first independent exhibit for Ms. Sandí and will be on display at the Escuela Casa del Artista in Goicoechea until Aug. 28. The exhibit consists of 18 pieces using acrylic paint on canvas. It is an abstract style that takes the artist’s perception of the exotic beauty of the landscape of the sea, the art school said.

“With a positive attitude, the exhibit aims to create awareness reflected in our marine world,” Ms. Sandí said. “With its diversity, the richness of its fish, with a palette of craft and the richness of color, it recreates a world of dreamlike beauty of poetry and an eloquent magic of varying forms.”

Interested attendees can view the exhibit from Monday thru Friday for free. Escuela Casa del Artista is open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. and is located off to the side of the cemetery in Goicoechea, organizers said.


to
                                  the point
Universidad de Costa Rica photo      
Making a clean-cut, regional set of regulations for drugs was the goal in the meeting.

Experts gathered to discuss drugs

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

International experts from more than eight countries met in Costa Rica to exchange ideas on how to respond to one of the most-pressing health needs for Central America: generating a unified drug control mechanisms that guarantee quality and safety of drugs sold in the region.

According to a statement from the Universidad de Costa Rica, the activity included the participation of 130 participants representing over 13 countries from Switzerland to the United States and Sweden. Central America is characterized as an area of free transit of drugs where many of the countries making up the region have important difficulties in implementing its control regulations, Dr. Pilar Alfredo Lagos, the representative for the Consejo de Ministrs de Salud, said.

“The fact that it is easy medicines to move from one country to another makes it necessary to have unified surveillance and safety mechanisms,” Dr. Alfredo said at the conference. “I believe that, with the contribution of the participants, we will be able to develop a possible work strategy for updating the regulatory framework in the coming years.”

The event, called the Congreso Internacional de Farmacia, also covered other topics related to clinical research, pharmaco-vigilance, biotechnology, innovation and development. For the dean of faculty at the Universidad de Costa Rica, Lidiette Fonseca González, the strengthening of what is called the Triple Helix is necessary.

“The Triple Helix focuses on fostering mutual interactions between universities as the first propeller,” she said. “Second, with scientific entities, businesses and industries and finally between administrations or governments as the third propeller. All of this with clear objectives towards the strengthening of knowledge and the regulatory framework, in which universities are given a strategic role in eliminating the differences between disciplines and knowledge.”

Training is equally necessary, according to Marco Ivankovich Guillén, the president of the Colegio de Farmacéuticos. Through all these words and statements, the region still does not maintain a unified and orderly standard that crosses the individual countries borders on drugs. Legal pharmaceuticals illegally smuggled in often stream across the northern border with Nicaragua for sale in Costa Rica.

Meanwhile, other drugs are not properly tested by authorities and some not approved by for usage or pending authorization in many Western countries as well. The ongoing talk of regularizing the pharmaceutical drug standards across the region has been an ongoing one now for years.




Books headline

Brodell Book
Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

By the staff and contributors at A.M. Costa Rica
 (editor)A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca.  
Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Brodell book 2
The Dark Side of Pura Vida: Murder, Betrayal, Abduction and Revenge in the Vacation Paradise

By James J. Brodell. Retired baseball player Jack Patterson becomes suspicious after his younger sister dies in a Pacific Ocean rip tide while on vacation in Costa Rica. Jack has to go there to find answers to troubling questions. But soon he is hijacked by a gang of avengers led by an icy Costa Rican-American woman who carries twin pistols strapped to her chest. Jack soon helps uncover a web of corruption and greed . Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Trapped in Damas Cave
Trapped In The Damas Cave, Costa Rica

A true story by author Dusty Pilot, who lived in Costa Rica for 11 years. Dusty tells his horrifying story of being trapped in the Damas Cave, near Quepos, for 26 hours. The book is available from Amazon in both digital and print format. Digital format will be on sale for $0.99 until Aug. 30. Visit Amazon.com to preview or purchase, or DustyPilot.com/cave.html More information Contact Dusty Pilot Email: dusty@dustypilot.com US phone: 001 440 796-4105¯

New World Meditation
New World Meditation: Focusing-Mindfulness-Healing-Awakening

By Lucinda Gray PhD

You will be Free to Live, Love, Work and Play in the Full Creative Expression of Your Authentic Self. New World Meditation is easy to learn, easy to practice, and profoundly transformational.  More information here  https://www.amazon.com/dp/149963885X/
Life
                          is a Tropical Garden

    Life is a Tropical Garden By Victoria Torley 
    A quirky look at gardening in the tropics. What happens when a "Northern" gardener moves to Costa Rica? You have no idea….  Email: victoriatorley1@gmail.com.  Order this book here:  https://www.amazon.com/dp/1522005986/ref=rdr_ext_tmb

Recommended
                          restaurants and hotels

Los
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Crocs

Hacienda
                    Baru
 
Formula Kart
 
Palermo 900
 
Don
                    Wang

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Monday Edition, August 14, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 160
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Tobacco plant could be cheap key to Zika vaccine, researchers say
By the Arizona State University press staff

The worldwide Zika threat first emerged in 2015, infecting millions as it swept across the Americas. It struck great fear in pregnant women, as babies born with severe brain birth defects quickly overburdened hospitals and public health care systems.

In response, there has been a flurry of heroic scientific efforts to stop Zika.  Whole governments, academic labs and pharmaceutical companies have raced to develop Zika vaccines ever since global health experts first realized the dangers wrought by the mosquito-borne virus.

Now, Arizona State University has taken a major step forward in boosting Zika prevention efforts. The university’s Biodesign Institute scientist Qiang “Shawn” Chen has led his research team to develop the world’s first plant-based Zika vaccine that could be more potent, safer and cheaper to produce than any other efforts to date.

“Our vaccine offers improved safety and potentially lowers the production costs more than any other current alternative, and with equivalent effectiveness,” said Chen, a researcher in the Biodesign Center for Immunotherapy, Vaccines and Virotherapy and professor in the School of Life Sciences. “We are very excited about these results.”

Several potential Zika vaccines have had promising results in early animal and human tests. Last year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first human testing of a Zika vaccine candidate, and this summer, a $100 million U.S. government-led clinical trial is underway.

But currently, there are no licensed vaccines or therapeutics available to combat Zika.

Now, Chen may have come up with a better vaccine candidate based on a key Zika protein. Chen is a viral expert who has worked for the past decade on plant-based therapeutics and vaccines against West Nile virus and dengue fever, which come from the same Zika family, called flaviviruses.

He honed in on developing a vaccine against a part of a Zika viral protein called DIII that plays a key role for the virus to infect people.

“All flaviviruses have the envelope protein on the outside part of the virus. It has three domains. The domain III has a unique stretch of DNA for the Zika virus, and we exploited this to generate a robust and protective immune response that is unique for Zika,” Chen said. 

They first grew the envelope protein in bacteria, then switched to prepare the DIII protein domain in tobacco plants. After developing enough material for the new vaccine candidate, Chen’s team performed immunization experiments in mice, which induced antibody and cellular immune responses that have been shown to confer 100 percent protection against multiple Zika virus strains in a mouse challenge.

Producing plant-based vaccines, especially in tobacco plants, is old hat for researchers like Chen. For more than a decade, they’ve been producing low-cost vaccines in plants to fight devastating infectious diseases in the developing world.
While Chen has been cheering on Zika vaccine progress from other researchers, in each case there can be side effects.
Tobbaco plant cure
Arizona State University photo     
Producing plant-based vaccines, especially in tobacco plants, is old hat for researchers. For more than a decade, they’ve been producing low-cost vaccines in plants.

To date, other scientists have tested several kinds of vaccines on mice including one made from DNA and another from an inactivated form of the virus. With just one dose, both vaccines prompted the creation of antibodies that shielded the animals from becoming infected when they were exposed to the virus.

Any heat-killed vaccine runs the risk of accidentally injecting a live version of the virus if there is an error made in the vaccine production protocol. This tragic scenario happened occasionally with the polio vaccine.

For the second research group, they used the complete Zika envelope protein for their vaccine. Since envelope protein domains I and II are similar to West Nile and dengue viruses, this can cause a dangerous cross-reactive immune response.

In fact, animal experiments have shown that prior exposure to dengue or West Nile virus makes the Zika infection and symptoms much worse, suggesting a similar risk for people who had prior exposure to dengue especially in South America, where it is more common.

Producing plant-based vaccines, especially in tobacco plants, is old hat for ASU researchers like Chen. For more than a decade, they’ve been producing low-cost vaccines in plants to fight devastating infectious diseases in the developing world.

Chen’s protein-based vaccine uses the smallest and most unique part of the Zika virus that can still elicit a potent and robust immune response.

During the height of the Zika pandemic, whole countries of women were told not to become pregnant, due to babies born with a severe brain defect called microcephaly, in which the head and brain don't develop properly.

There have also been vision and hearing defects and learning disabilities associated with less severe infections. To make matters worse, in adults, a debilitating nervous system condition called Guillain-Barre syndrome has also been caused by Zika. While the most severe wave of the Zika pandemic has ebbed, it won’t go away anytime soon, and a vaccine still offers the best hope.

Tens of millions more could still be infected in the Americas in the coming years. The research was published in the online version of “Scientific Reports - Nature.”



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Page 1 is HERE!    Page 2 is  HERE!    Page 3 is HERE! 
Page 5 is HERE!     
Page 6 is HERE!     The sports page is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE!  Plus useful links
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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page

Published || Monday Edition, August 14, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 160
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Pence visits Latin America
as Venezuela crisis grows


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Vice President Mike Pence heads to Latin America for a weeklong trip to meet with the leaders of Colombia, Argentina, Chile and Panamá.

Pence has in effect become a roving ambassador for the U.S. as the Trump administration has left many top diplomatic posts unfilled. Since April, Pence has visited South Korea, Japan, Indonesia and Australia, attended security meetings in Munich and Brussels, and traveled to Estonia, Georgia and Montenegro.

His Latin American trip comes at a time when the leaders of South and Central American countries may be somewhat distrustful of U.S. policies, following President Donald Trump's recent statement about not ruling out a military option for the political crisis in Venezuela.

His first stop Sunday will be with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos. Colombia's Foreign Ministry issued a statement shortly after Trump's military option warning. The ministry's statement said it condemned any military measure and the use of force and that efforts to resolve Venezuela's breakdown in democracy should be peaceful and respect its sovereignty.

Pence will undoubtedly talk to Santos about Trump's statement. He will also likely discuss Colombia's implementation of a controversial peace agreement with the rebel group FARC and the country's efforts to reduce production of coca for cocaine.

In Chile, Pence will face questions over the sudden U.S. withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade pact, Chile’s U.S. Ambassador Juan Gabriel Valdes said. “With or without the U.S., we will continue working in the Asia Pacific to push for an agreement that results in clear rules for everyone,” Valdes said.

He added that his nation hopes the United States does not follow through on the threat to leave the Paris climate agreement because Chile believes that climate change is real.

U.S. trading partner Panamá, home to the Panama Canal, established diplomatic ties with China in June, and Pence’s upcoming visit comes against the backdrop of a growing Chinese trade role in the region.

Vice presidents have been key intermediaries and trusted presidential advisors. Analysts say that although Pence’s diplomatic role is conventional so far, he works for a president who has promised to do things differently.


CIA director Pompeo says
Venezuela is deteriorating


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

CIA Director Mike Pompeo says Venezuela could very much become a risk to the United States.

Pompeo told Fox News Sunday that when U.S. President Donald Trump raised the possibility of military intervention in Venezuela, Trump was trying to give the Venezuelan people hope and opportunity to create a situation where democracy can be restored.

“The intelligence makes very clear the Maduro regime continues to put snipers in towers and do things that are horrible, repressive, and the American policy is to work with our Latin American partners to try and restore democracy,” Pompeo said.

Pompeo said Venezuela could become a risk to Americans if the country descends into further chaos.

“The Cubans are there; the Russians are there, the Iranians, Hezbollah are there. This is something that has a risk of getting to a very bad place, so America needs to take this very seriously,” he said.

On Friday, Trump said a military option against Venezuela was on the table, and he described the situation there as a dangerous mess.

“We have many options for Venezuela, including a possible military option if necessary," Trump told reporters at his golf resort in New Jersey.

Trump said he’s not going to rule out a military option and added it’s certainly something that we could pursue. Earlier this week, the Trump administration also imposed new sanctions on Venezuela, targeting members of the new all-powerful constituent assembly.

The Venezuelan government on Saturday fired back at what it called a reckless threat by Trump. Trump's statement "aims to drag Latin America and the Caribbean into a conflict that would permanently alter stability, peace and security in our region," Venezuelan Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza said, reading a statement from President Nicolas Maduro.

Arreaza accused Trump of warmongering and said Trump's comments represented the United States' systematic aggression against Venezuela.


Trump  says military option
is on the table for Venezuela


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Donald Trump says a military option against Venezuela is on the table, describing the situation there as a dangerous mess.

“We have troops all over the world in places that are very far away. Venezuela is not very far away,” he said.

The Pentagon said the U.S. military was ready to support efforts to protect U.S. citizens and America’s national interests abroad. Pentagon spokesman Mark Wright said it is the job of the Defense Department to conduct contingency planning for possible military actions all around the world and to offer those options to the president.

However, a senior U.S. official who spoke on condition of anonymity said the Pentagon is unaware of any coming military action in Venezuela.

Sen. Ben Sasse of Nebraska, a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, also said Congress was unlikely to support such a move.

“Congress obviously isn’t authorizing war in Venezuela,” he said in a statement. “Nicolas Maduro is a horrible human being, but Congress doesn’t vote to spill Nebraskans’ blood based on who the Executive lashes out at today.”

Late Friday, Venezuela Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino told state television the U.S. president's comments were an act of craziness.

Trump said the crisis in Venezuela was one of the topics discussed during talks Friday in New Jersey with his Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley.

Also Friday, the White House said Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro had requested a phone call with Trump.

“President Trump will gladly speak with the leader of Venezuela as soon as democracy is restored in that country,” a White House statement said.

The statement said that since the start of his administration, Trump has asked that Maduro respect Venezuela’s constitution but says Maduro has refused to heed this call and instead chosen the path of dictatorship.


National security head says
Virginia attack was terrorism


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Donald Trump's national security adviser says the deadly violence that broke out at a white supremacists' rally in Charlottesville, Virginia meets the definition of terrorism.

H.R. McMaster, in an interview on ABC News, described the car ramming into a crowd of counter-protesters Saturday that killed Heather Heyer as a criminal act that may be motivated by this hatred and bigotry.

Nineteen others were injured and two Virginia state police troopers who had been monitoring the unrest from the air were killed in a helicopter crash.

On Sunday, the White House defended Trump's reaction to the deadly violence in Virginia amid criticism he did not explicitly condemn far-right groups.

In a statement released Sunday, they said “the president condemns all forms of violence, bigotry and hatred and of course that includes white Supremacists, KKK, neo-Nazi and all extremist groups. He called for national unity and bringing all Americans together.'

The U.S. Justice Department opened a civil rights investigation into the day of violence at the Unite the Right rally where white nationalists, many of them supporters of President Donald Trump, clashed with counter-protesters on the streets of the college town 160 kilometers southwest of Washington.

The white supremacists carried signs and chanted slogans against racial minorities and Jews, engaging the counter-protesters in hours of club and fistfights, rock throwing and sprays of chemical irritants.

During the violence and later in the day, Trump condemned the disturbance, but did not criticize by name any of the white nationalist groups who staged the rally, drawing a wide rebuke across the U.S. political spectrum for his tepid response.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions, the head of the Justice Department and the country's top law enforcement official, said, "The violence and deaths in Charlottesville strike at the heart of American law and justice. When such actions arise from racial bigotry and hatred, they betray our core values and cannot be tolerated."

Jason Kessler, a prominent white nationalist who organized the rally, on Sunday blamed Charlottesville officials for failing to prevent the violence from occurring, but condemned it. But just as he said those city officials violated white nationalists' free speech rights by calling off the official rally, hundreds of shouting counter-protesters surrounded him.

Some people chanted and made noise with drums and other instruments. After a woman tackled him to the ground, Kessler asked police for help. Eventually they escorted him off. There were no arrests.

The streets of Charlottesville were quiet Sunday. Charlottesville Mayor Mike Signer told NBC the killing of Heyer was a terrorist attack with a car used as a weapon. The car's driver, James Alex Fields Jr., was arrested and charged with murder and other offenses.

Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe visited two Charlottesville churches to talk about the violence, a day after he told the white nationalists, many of them from out of state, that they were not welcome in Virginia and to go home.

He had declared a state of emergency on Saturday after fights broke out between armor-clad, shield-carrying white nationalist demonstrators gathered to protest the removal of a Confederate statue and similarly armed counter-protesters.

"I have a message to all the white supremacists and the Nazis who came into Charlottesville today. Our message is plain and simple: go home," McAuliffe said at a news conference. "You are not wanted in this great commonwealth. Shame on you."

"The acts and rhetoric in Charlottesville over past 24 hours are unacceptable and must stop. A right to speech is not a right to violence," he tweeted.

He also said he spoke to Trump in the hours after the clashes and that he twice told the president “we have to stop this hateful speech, this rhetoric.'' He said he urged Trump to come out stronger against the actions of white supremacists.

Hundreds from both sides were involved in Saturday's violence, throwing punches as well as water bottles and other items. Police used tear gas to separate participants, but critics said police did not move decisively to keep the protesting groups separate from each other to prevent the violence from spiraling.

Before the Saturday violence, torch-bearing white nationalists marched through the University of Virginia campus on Friday night and gathered around the statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee, a Confederate Civil War hero.

The city voted in April to remove the statue, a move being taken by many U.S. cities against such Confederate memorials. Since then, Charlottesville has been a focus of white nationalist protests.


Canada takes in Haitians
as the uncertainty persists


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Canada's government has partly filled in a ditch so pedestrians surging through an illegal border crossing from upstate New York into Quebec won't hurt themselves. It has set up processing tents and is hiring people to transport and feed the newcomers.

Despite those welcoming gestures, Haitian asylum-seekers can't get too comfortable, some immigration experts say.

"It's false that Canada will provide asylum for those who have been crossing at the border," said Jean-Ernest Pierre, a Haitian immigration attorney in Montreal. He said some Haitian migrants were misled by social media accounts recommending Canada as a more receptive alternative to the United States, in the midst of an immigration crackdown.

Yet many Haitians would find it difficult to qualify as a refugee in Canada and claim political asylum, Pierre said. Canadian immigration law requires that claimants prove a well-founded fear of persecution because of, say, race, religion or political or sexual orientation. Economic hardship isn't enough.

Indeed, Canada last year dropped its ban on deportations to Haiti, according to government data. In 2016, 50.5 percent of Haitian refugee claimants were successful, compared to about 62 percent of all claimants.

Luckson Merilien is gambling that Canada will grant him refugee status. He and wife Marie, Michele Jean, recently arrived in Montreal from New York and have a Sept. 13 hearing on their asylum bid.

The couple were among those swarming in recent months to a dead-end road near the town of Champlain in rural upstate New York. There, hundreds of people a day climb out of taxis, lugging baggage and often clutching children, to walk up to one kilometer to the Canadian border near Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle.

"Right now, we're seeing a lot of people with Haitian citizenship who've been coming through at Roxham Road," Brad Brant, a U.S. Border Patrol spokesman, said in a phone interview. "On Sunday, 400 people went through." Two days later, "it was 300 and change."

If travelers cross the border illegally, Canadian authorities arrest and search them and shuttle them to a growing tent city to begin processing them.

The surge in illegal border crossings into Canada corresponds with the Department of Homeland Security's announcement in May that it would extend a humanitarian program for Haitians until January, not for a longer period sought by Port-au-Prince.

The Obama administration had offered temporary protected status to more than 50,000 Haitians displaced by a massive 2010 earthquake, extending it several times. The status gives registrants the opportunity to obtain work permits.

This week, Canada's military was completing construction of a 500-bed tent camp at Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle. Montreal's Olympic Stadium already is providing temporary housing for newcomers, and more are coming. As of Friday, roughly 700 people were at the border awaiting processing, which takes up to three days, Haiti's Le National website reported, citing the Canada Border Services Agency.

The U.S. Border Patrol's Brant points out that it is not a crime in the U.S. to enter Canada illegally so his agency doesn't try to stop northbound migrants. But, it is concerned about securing the U.S. border and preventing people from entering the U.S. without legal documentation and outside legal crossings.

The 300 agents in the Border Patrol's Swanton sector are responsible for 475 kilometers of border, Brant said, so it's very difficult for us to apply any manpower and look for people that we could remove.

Brant said the Border Patrol and its Canadian counterpart routinely share information, so each can help the other intercept lawbreakers. But, he added, the increase in migrants might be overwhelming the Canadians. "I don't know if it is harming our security, because they can't perform that partnership for us."


Very Large Telescope
Voice of America photo            
The Paranal platform of the Very Large Telescope taken right after sunset.

Star Tau Ceti has planets
in habitable zone of space

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Scientists from U.S. and Britain have found four planets, slightly larger than Earth, orbiting a star visible with a naked eye.

Using a technique so sensitive that it can measure tiny changes in the light emitted by stars, scientists at University of California Santa Cruz and the University of Hertfordshire detected the planets orbiting the star Tau Ceti, which is 12 light-years from Earth. Two of the planets orbit in the so-called habitable zone, meaning the surface water could possibly exist.

The changes in light are caused by gravitational pull of the planets orbiting the star.

Tau Ceti, in the south of the constellation Cetus, emits light spectrum similar to our sun but is about 25 percent smaller.

The two planets in its habitable zone are larger than Earth, but frequent bombardment by asteroids and comets from the star's massive debris ring make them improbable candidates to sustain life.

Observations were done from the Keck Observatory in Hawaii and the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope in Chile.


10,000 North Koreans given U.S. visas in past 20 years

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

North Koreans have participated in educational and cultural exchange programs in the U.S. on topics from medicine to agriculture, Keith Luse, the executive director of the National Committee on North Korea, said.

Other North Korean visa recipients include athletes, artists, trainees, sailors on foreign-flagged ships, employees of international companies, transit visitors, and a fiancé or fiancée of a U.S. citizen.


But, U.S. and North Korea relations have not always been as tense as they are today. The Clinton administration, from 1993-2001, marked a relatively amicable period for U.S.-North Korea relations, as rapprochement efforts between the two governments were at their high point, Robert Gallucci, the chief U.S. negotiator during the North Korean nuclear crisis in the 1990s, said.

Gallucci led the brokering of the 1994 Agreed Framework, an agreement with North Korea that aimed to freeze its nuclear weapons program.

During Clinton’s presidency, North Korea endured a severe famine as well as sanctions imposed on Pyongyang as the regime strived to circumvent the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which North Korea acceded in 1985 and left in 2003.

The relationship went downhill from the George W. Bush administration, which dubbed Pyongyang an axis of evil, as it held a different view about the value of engagement with North Koreans, Gallucci said.

Attempts to bring Pyongyang back to the table have been stymied since.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Hotel in
                                Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Can build 1550 Sqm. 7 meters high zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Costa Rica
                                  Penthouse

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
9132-6/1/17


Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
9189-9/2/17

Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
                                rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
                                rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)






Hotel in
                                  Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Sabana
                                  Sur house
Commercial Building for Sale in Sabana Sur
A two story building w/14 areas for offices, call center, storage or residence. Building has been completely remodelled  Transportation within 50 mts. passenger train, buses and taxis. Park, gymnasium, tennis club and National soccer stadium 2 - 3 block walk. 24 hour security, many restuarants, clubs and social facilities nearby. Approximately 325 mts. construction $350,000. 
Contact :
 James Holley E-mail  jimmy6902001@yahoo.com
9245-7/8/17


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
                                  Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
                                    Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Related

Costa Rica
                                    Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

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Published || Monday Edition, August 14, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 160
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News from the BBC up to the minute







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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Back to gardening after surgery...

Right now, I am smeared with dirt and covered with bug bites. I am also blissfully happy.

What? You see, for the last six weeks, I have been forbidden to garden due to two cataract surgeries after which the doc said: “No gardening!” Evidently I needed to protect my eyes from any sort of fungal infection that might be lurking in the soil.

Victoria Torley
 Six weeks with no gardening! I
 gained five pounds and now my
 shorts don’t fit! I was clean! I
 was grouchy and grumpy! I was
 miserable.


 On the other hand, Metric Man
 was pleased. You see, he does
 the laundry and there was a lot
 less laundry.


If I wore the same clothes all day long instead of throwing three full sets of gardening clothes in the was every day. He was also happy that he didn’t have to stand on the deck and yell, “Time to come in now” five times before I actually did come in. Also, our supply of antiseptic and Band-Aids hasn’t needed to be replenished for a long time.

But all of that is over now because I am back! Now here’s the funny thing. After six weeks, you would have thought that my dogs would have forgotten the pre-gardening routine and slept as I got ready to go out. But no, not my dogs.

I opened the dresser drawer where I keep my gardening clothes and Little Dog, who had been asleep in the bed, raised her head. I opened the sock drawer and she stood up, shook herself, and jumped up on me. Big Dog, hearing all the fuss, came over and looked in the bedroom. He shook himself and started bouncing in a circle. Dogs have long memories.

At that point, there was no hope for a clean getaway. They left me alone while I got dressed, but, as I sat down to put on my socks, there was excited whining and woofing, plus some jumping which clearly said: “Hurry it up!”

Finally, we were outside where the last act of preparation is always putting on boots. For some reason, Big Dog always thinks I need help at this stage and pushes me toward the bench. Darn over-protective dogs.

Finally gloved, eye protection in place and plants in hand, we headed to the garden for a little weeding and planting. I was able to get really dirty and get some fire ants bites before a pouring rain started. My husband didn’t even need to yell for me to come in.


Ixora plant
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Victoria Torley       

Plant of the Week

If you are looking for a border or hedge plant with great flowers, look no further than Ixora. No matter what you want it to do, the Ixora does it well. Plant it as tall shrub to use as a hedge or screen or prune it tightly to use as a border planting. Need a potted plant for the deck? No problem for the Ixora. Flowers are usually red, yellow, pink, or orange and all colors are bright and cheerful. Plant Ixora in full sun and well-drained soil and fertilize regularly. A great colorful addition to any yard.

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor. And, for more garden tips, visit HERE!





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From page 7:

ICE's budget cut by 14 percent in three years

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad has seen a sharp decrease in its budget in the past three years due to the Administración Superior attempting to force the electrical giant to make a more efficient use of its funds.

The total budget executed by ICE went from 1.75 billion colones in 2014 to about 1.503 billion colones in 2017. “This represents a decrease equivalent to 14.2 percent in that period, around 249,000 million colones,” said Jesús Orozco, the director of the finance division in the corporate administration and finance management.

Orozco said that the reduction in the funds to materials and supplies primarily corresponds in large part to the gradual reduction of expenses associated with the completion of the Revantazón hydroelectric project. In that category, ICE cut funds by about 27.6 percent. The highest cut was to durable goods at 31.73 percent, wage and salary cuts at 16.78 percent and services at 14.84 percent, according to data provided by ICE.

Service cuts were notable with the elimination of rental contracts for buildings, facilities and land. Orozco gave the example of facilities built in Sabana Norte that absorbed several leases and there are around 800 workers within. With payroll, the processes of voluntary labor mobility, not filling vacant positions and terminating seasonal positions were the primary drivers to the decrease in that category.

Between 2015 and 2016, the amount of salaries within the institutional payroll fell by about 11.8 million colones in constant terms, which represented a decrease of the annual cost by about 4 percent. This does not include the salaries for the hydroelectric plants.

“The company has been obtaining savings in several areas, which is consistent with the government’s policy where austerity and reasonable use of resources are the premises,” ICE said in a statement.