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African migrant gazes at police officer at the Peñas Blancas border crossing.
Nicaraguan immigration adds new border rule
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A new measure recently announced by Nicaraguan immigration authorities looks like it is drawing some ire from within and outside the country.

This measure, called in Spanish the “Solicitud de ingreso ordenado y seguro de visitants invitados por motives diferentes al turismo,” could have an effect on those so-called perpetual tourists venturing back and forth across the border every 90 days.

According to the requirements listed by the Nicaraguan Migración, authorities are asking for a request to enter the country a full seven days in advance.

This appears mainly geared towards tourism and ride services offered by those in hotels and hospitality as the requirements request a full list of names, passport numbers, nationality and date of birth.

The request can be sent via email attached as a Microsoft Word or Excel document. The new measure seems aimed at the land crossings and insists that it is free of charge.

Nicaraguan authorities say that the measure is intended to facilitate a faster and more secure entrance to the country.

At the same time, however, it appears that in some Spanish-speaking press outlets, the head of the Cámara Nacional de Turismo in Nicaragua is voicing her opposition to the change.

Lucy Valenti, Canatur’s president, told the press that she had received complaints from tour operators in Costa Rica who were protesting the arbitrary nature of the regulation. She said that some have to send these lists seven days in advance while other tourist groups can travel from one day to the next.

Although Ms. Valenti did not appear to voice complete opposition to the regulation, she did note that more clarification is necessary in defining how often and when should it be enforced. She said that Cantur wants the measure reviewed as a matter of protecting the country’s image in the tourism industry, reports said.

Data from Nicaragua’s Instituto Nacional del Turismo shows that in April 2017 alone, over 180,744 people entered the country as tourists. That number is almost 91 percent of all visitors.

Of that number, over 129,740 entered the country that month via the land crossings with the majority coming from the border crossing shared with Costa Rica at Peñas Blancas. The data describes North Americans and Europeans as representing 25.6 percent of the tourists who entered the country during the month.

This could be an additional thing on the to-do list for some tour guides and services operating in Costa Rica and offering tours across the border. Individuals are in more of a gray area, as the measure appears geared specifically to group traveling. A.M. Costa Rica has received reports from readers of their own troubles at Peñas Blancas.

Some have said that private individuals were blocking the gates to reenter Costa Rica until receiving a fare to allow passage. Allegedly, these men accosted those traveling not in a guided tour group at the crossing but those who were alone. These individuals were apparently not Nicaraguan authorities.

This has been a common theme in Spanish-speaking media in relation to incidences of Nicaraguan migrant workers crossing back into Costa Rica and facing the same situations. The allegations have only recently included North American gringos into the fray.



Caja paper will no longer be needed to get served
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Citizens and residents now have it simpler to get medical services from the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

As of September 1, the Carné de Asegurado is no longer needed at all. The Carné is a paper document stating the active insurance of a person before the social security system.

It has historically been delivered by the nearest branch of the Caja and people need to show a valid one when requesting medical appointments, getting medical services and also when geting drugs from the Caja.

In the latter case, pharmacists have the tendency to attach the prescriptions to the carné with scotch tape, leaving sticky traces once it is taken away and the drugs are delivered. This has traditionally caused the document to become filthy easily, so many choose to wrap it up un plastic. It is not uncommon to find people who do this job outside of clinics.

Once September arrives, insured citizens just need their cédula de identidad and residents their documento de identidad migratoria, also called Dimex. The measure is required by the Ley de Protección de Ciudadanos contra el Exceso de Trámites y Requisitos, a law that seeks to protect people from excessive paper work.

Carné
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Rommel Téllez       
Carné will no longer be needed at the Caja.

"This document has been with us for over 70 years and getting rid of it makes it easier to access the services," said Fernando Llorca, executive director at the Caja.

"Control measures will always be necessary, but we are simplifying them."

Back in January 1, the Caja also eliminated the need to show the Orden Patronal for social security purposes.

It was a document detailing the gross and net salary of a worker, the amount of money deducted for social security purposes and if an employer was behind their payments to the system or not.

Many times, that document was requested to get loans or credit cards as well. Today, that information is available online.







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A.M.
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Second News Page

  Published || Monday Edition, August 7, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 155
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
Psychotherapy




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Tax time
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Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
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With over 20 years of experience in Costa Rica, we understand the inner-workings of the “Tico system” and offer a wide range of services for newcomers and expatriates!

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American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


MBC

* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
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Our Business/Construction Unit
will be glad to assist you on:
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Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
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    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
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CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
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Insurance professionals

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More information HERE!
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Residency experts

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JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
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Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
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9071-3/19/17

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
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James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
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Fine art restoration and conservation

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9212-5/9/17

American Legion
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Rommel Téllez           

A.M. Costa Rica receives recognition

Staff at A.M. Costa Rica joined the veterans of the local American Legion post for lunch Saturday. During that meeting, A.M. Costa Rica graciously accepted a certificate of appreciation from the Legion for the work the newspaper has done.


Employers group concerned of growth in informal employee population

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Employers from all over the country have expressed deep concern about the growth in informal employment in the last year, a figure that reached 12.3 percent of all economically-active population.

The figure was provided by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos on its survey called the Encuesta Continua de Empleo. According to the data, as of June, the total there were about 919,000 people exercising informal economic activities. From that amount 556,000 are male and 363,000 female.

“For the private sector, the informal employment means an unfair competition, since those employers do not provide decent jobs, do not pay the social security fees, they skip taxes and do not comply with other requirements of the state,” said Franco Pacheco, president of the la Unión Costarricense de Cámaras y Asociaciones de la Empresa Privada.

The Unión is the country’s biggest employer’s advocacy group. The Unión also said a higher amount of formal jobs in an economy mean better production, labor and environmental standards.

During a press conference, Alfredo Hasbum, the minister of Labor, informality could happen because of the amount of social fees employer’s and workers have to pay.

“Informal employment continues to reach high percentages,” Hasbum said.

“We need to remember the rates of insurance in the country average a 36 percent and the average of the Organisation for Co-operation and Economic Development is that of 26 percent. That is a great incentive for informality. It is a challenge to figure out how to reorganize that burden.”

According to the Instituto figures, about 125,000 people found a job in the last 12 months. Employer’s, unions and government representatives currently meet once a week to come up with ideas on how to encourage formality in the labor relations.


Jacana bird
Instituto Costarricense del Turismo photo             
A Jacana bird is a popular find at the Caño Negro preserve.

Caño Negro receives improvements

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A birdwatching tower, a visitors center, a dock for the arrival and departure of tourists and a new trail are the new infrastructure improvements at the Refugio Nacional de Vida Silvestre Mixto Caño Negro.

The refuge belongs to the province of Alajuela, very close to the Costa Rica and Nicaragua border. The works had a cost of $1.5 million, according to information provided by the Sistema Nacional de Áreas de Conservación. Part of the money was granted by the Interamerican Development Bank under a program called Programa de Turismo Sostenido en Áreas Silvestres Protegidas.

Caño Negro is well known for being a birdwatching destination, where more than 300 species show up during the year. It is considered to be a rain forest and a protected wetland under the RAMSAR International Agreement.

Some of the funds will be used to create a plan to improve the use of the municipal docks located at Los Chiles and Caño Negro, the management of waste waters and improve the tourism marketing in the área.

In total, the bank will provide about $25 million for the betterment of some other conservation areas. Some of them are Manuel Antonio National Park, the Volcán Poás, Parque Nacional Tortuguero, Volcán Irazú and Cahuita.


Sarchí is going to get its own brand

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

To guarantee the authenticity of Sarchí furniture and other products, the Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Comercio, the Universidad Véritas and the local chamber of commerce joined forces to create a new signature mark.

The distinctive stamp arises to support entrepreneurs and small businesses in Sarchí particularly in the craft section along with furniture. Those wanting to apply to get the brand need to be registered as a business with the ministry, be affiliated with the chamber of commerce and be in good standing with the municipality.

At the same time, the prices charged are being registered in Registro Nacional. The whole point of the mark is to simply certify that the goods are genuine products of the area.

“Sarchí is recognized, above all, for the quality, beauty, and tradition of its handicraft and furniture products,” said Marcia Montes, the deputy head of the economic ministry. “These aspects place it as the cradle of Costa Rican craftsmanship.”

This is part of the ministry’s wider project attempting to improve promotions and innovation for the Central American artisan sector. The local chamber of commerce will administer the Marca Colectiva Sarchí and will determine the requirements established in regulating companies within the canton who are engaged in furniture, handicrafts, leather goods and tourism among other services.

This comes at an opportune time as the Fería de Muebles y Artesanías will be going on in Sarchí from August 11 to 20. This fair will include more than 50 local craftsmen selling their wares in jewelry, wood and handicrafts among other products.

It will also have live music, folk dancing and comidas típicas. Entrance to the fair is free, officials said, and will be going on from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.


Tourism meet seeks to improve security

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

This past weekend saw a gathering of law enforcement authorities and members of the tourism sector attempting to develop a plan of action on how best to provide a safe trip for visitors to Costa Rica.

The meeting included members of the Organization of American States, the Policía Turística and the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo. So far, this is just a pilot plan and one that would first be implemented in San José before potentially incorporating in other parts of the country.

It does not appear that the meeting offered much beyond kind words and well wishes on how to get this started. Victor Fernández from Turismo explained that it simply constitutes the first step in developing a strategy geared towards providing safety to the tourists.

It is no secret that tourism is a well-regarded industry by officials in the public sector as a way to generate income for the country. According to the tourism institute, more than 2 million people visit Costa Rica annually with the institute claiming the country as the top destination in the region.

Data provided from Turismo said that 75 percent are traveling for vacations while 13 percent come on business. The largest draws are for the beaches.



News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English





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A.M.
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Third News Page

Published || Monday Edition, August 7, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 155
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Historic church at Copey de Dota burnt down in apparent accident
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Early Sunday morning saw a devastating fire that destroyed one of Costa Rica’s cultural heritage sites.

The Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud issued a statement announcing the complete destruction of the Catholic Church of San Rafael Arcángel in the community of Copey de Dota. The structure, originally built in 1926, was made almost entirely of wood and was declared part of the architectural and cultural heritage of Costa Rica back in 1999. 

“Each heritage building that is destroyed is an irreparable loss that adds in pain to both the local community, which is experiencing the loss more directly and immediately and the national community that recognizes its value,” said Sylvie Durá, the culture minister.

“Today, we see how practically all our historic buildings have structural deficiencies. We have, for example, electrical or obsolete water systems in churches, public spaces, schools in many of the 386 buildings.”

The minister added the necessity of more support from the government in preserving the country’s cultural heritage in simply the basic updates needed to support the structures.

The church here had its windows replaced and restored back in 2016 and the Centro de Investigación y Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural said it was considering to earmark it for full restoration as recently as July of this year.

San Rafael Arcángel
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo      
The church  of San Rafael Arcángel as it once looked.

William Monge, the Centro’s director, went to the scene on Sunday to personally verify the scope and scale of the accident, the ministry said in a statement.

“We are reacting when conditions of deterioration or risk situations are very high,” Ms. Durán said.

“As a society we must project this investment and develop models of management and collaboration that allow us to watch, in all its reach, for the heritage we declare.”



Bolivian artist showcases his watercolors at the Biblioteca Nacional
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

With canvas and color, Bolivian artist Gregorio Choque captures the perspective of landscapes, portraits and everyday life of his native country.

La magia de la acuarela, or the Magic of Watercolor in English, will open today at 11:30 a.m. at the Biblioteca Nacional, according to a statement from the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud. The exhibit’s opening corresponds with the Bolivian embassy’s independence day celebration for the country.

The cultural ministry said it is made up of 35 watercolor paintings primarily of Bolivian themes and settings however there will also be on display Costa Rican landmarks. These include: the Teatro Nacional, the church in Coronado and the Biblioteca Nacional itself.

For Laura Rodríguez, the director of the library, those works are for the high regard that the artist has for the country. Choque is a resident of Costa Rica, the cultural ministry said, but was born in Potosí, Bolivia.

He studied at the Superior de Artes school in Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Gregorio Choque art piece
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo       
Showpiece displaying everyday Bolivian life.

The artists’ works have been displayed in Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica, France and his native Bolivia.

This exhibit will be open during the library’s regularly-scheduled hours from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday thru Friday. It will remain on display until August 28.


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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Monday Edition, August 7, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 155
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UCR study seeks to find alternatives to growth steroids for poultry
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

In the last four decades, Costa Rica’s poultry industry has been adding numerous antibiotics to bird feed in order to accelerate growth and protect chickens from dangerous pathogens.

More than 200,000 tons of antibiotics are produced annually in the world, according to Fernando García Santamaría, a microbiologist attached to the Universidad de Costa Rica. Half of those are used in agricultural activities and as growth promoters.

Antimicrobials are considered essential for treating infections caused by bacteria but the World Heath Organization warns that the amounts of these treatments have been excessive and that resistant bacteria have emerged. This resistance leaves many antibiotics for poultry and humans to begin losing their effectiveness.

At the same time, however, there is also a danger in the slaughter and processing of the meat where the bacteria are in the intestines of the animals and can contaminate the product. This depends on how the meat of those animals is handled both in the home of the consumer and the production plant, García explained.

Researchers at the Universidad de Costa Rica’s animal sciences school are investigating alternatives to substitute antibiotics for safer substances that can benefit the poultry industry and also address the needs of modern medicine and consumers. There is still no legislation banning the use of growth-promoting antibiotics in Costa Rica, according to the university.

“If this issue enters the legislative stream, it is something that could easily happen as there is strong pressure from the consumer sector and the health sector and this is why they have started to try different alternatives,” said Catalina Salas, a specialist in bird nutrition at the university.

In Costa Rica, around 75 million chickens are processed each year with an estimated per capita consumption of about 23 kilograms of chicken.

Baby chicks
Universidad de Costa Rica photo       
100,000 tons of antibiotic steroids are used
to fatten these chicks up.


A graduate student, Ana Yovela Ochoa Avila in her thesis, carried one of the first studies done on the subject in Costa Rica out back in 2016.

In the study, Ms. Ochoa used a combination of organic acids in drinking water to decrease weight loss that normally occurs in birds during fasting. This was applied before moving them from the farms to the crop plants. Six trials were carried out with two in each areas of the country.

Four of those tests found significant differences and an average of 17.43 grams of weight gained by the birds.

This year, the search for alternatives is continuing to check for the effectiveness of different, natural products such as oregano, thyme, cloves and garlic. The experiments will include combinations of these organic acids, the university said.

“What is wanted is that the intestinal pH of the chickens goes down, which contributes to kill the pathogenic bacteria,” Ms. Salas said. The idea is to also have the animal perform well without the need for antibiotics through a nutritious diet that includes proteins, phosphorous or structural carbohydrates.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


Live in
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Hidden
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Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
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International shipping available.
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George Lundquist header

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
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Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email : lundquistgeorge@gmail.com
9113-7/4/17

experience Costa Rica
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Household Furnishings

Fine
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Adolfo's Cell 506-8831-4306
 Tom in the USA 803-261-6000
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U.S. Income Tax Services (paid category)


Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

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The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

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A.M. Costa Rica
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Real estate rentals (paid category)

Penthouse Centro

Beautiful Fully Furnished Apartment for Rent
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Tropical Homes
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
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Real estate-related services (paid category)

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9057-2/25/17




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page

Published || Monday Edition, August 7, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 155
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Two die after Maduro troops
end attack on military base


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuelan military leaders say they quickly put down an attack on a base in central Venezuela Sunday which President Nicolas Maduro called an act of terrorism by rebellious former soldiers.

Two of the attackers were killed, the president said.

An army officer calling himself Captain Juan Caguaripano posted a video on social media in which more than a dozen soldiers surrounded him. He declared himself to be in legitimate rebellion against what he calls Maduro's murderous tyranny.

"We clarify this is not a coup d'etat. This is a civilian and military action to restore the constitutional order and, more than that, to save the country from total destruction," he declared.

Venezuelan military officials say troops rushed in to restore order at the Paramacay military base in Valencia. Locals reported hearing gunfire coming from behind the walls.

Maduro appeared on state-run television later to announce that two of the attackers were killed during the operation and eight rebels were arrested. Caguaripano's fate was unclear.

Officials say Caguaripano is an army deserter backed by "right-wing extremists" and supported by unidentified foreign governments. Venezuela's social and political turmoil worsened last week when the Maduro government swore in a hugely unpopular constituent assembly who plan to rewrite the constitution.

The government claims 8 million people voted in a July 30 election to choose its 545 members. The opposition says voter turnout was less than half that and pre-election polls showed 70 percent of Venezuelans opposed the assembly.

Maduro has said a new constitution will bring peace and stability. The opposition says the constituent assembly is packed with Maduro supporters, including his wife and son, and that it will break up the opposition-led national assembly and turn Venezuela into a socialist dictatorship.

The assembly has already made its first major move by firing Attorney General Luisa Ortega, a former Maduro ally turned vociferous opponent.

"Each step by the constituent assembly is a step towards the precipice by this government," the opposition's parliamentary president Julio Borges said Sunday.

"The only thing it has left is brute force. This is not a strong government. It's a rotten government, which is failing. The only thing it wants to do is to cling to power."

Opposition leaders have called for more anti-government protests. Four months of protests have often erupted into violence, leaving more than 120 people dead.


Mercosur ejects Venezuela
over unrest and repression


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Latin American trade bloc Mercosur suspended Venezuela’s membership hours after the newly elected constituent assembly ousted the country’s chief prosecutor.

After a meeting in Brazil’s financial center, Sao Paulo, Brazilian Foreign Minister Aloysio Ferreira, told reporters: “We are saying: Stop with this! Enough with the deaths, enough with the repression. It is not possible to inflict such torture to the people.”

The suspension is indefinite. Venezuela joined the bloc in 2012 and has been suspended before for failing to uphold its commitments.

In another development Saturday, Venezuelan authorities released opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez from military prison and returned him to house arrest, his wife said via Twitter.

Lopez and Antonio Ledezma, another opposition leader, had both been under house arrest for their opposition activities when they were placed in a military prison Tuesday.

Twitter video showed intelligence agents dragging Lopez and Ledezma out of their homes and shoving them into cars. Ledezma was returned home and to house arrest Friday.

Also Saturday, U.S. National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster said U.S. intervention in Venezuela is unlikely. In an interview that aired Saturday on MSNBC, McMaster said he doesn’t want to give Maduro the chance to further blame “Yankees” from the U.S. for the once-oil-rich country’s economic failures.

“It’s important for us to place responsibility for this catastrophe on Maduro’s shoulders. He is the one who has caused it, and he’s the one who’s perpetuating it,” the three-star general said.

The Trump administration placed sanctions on Venezuela, following a recent vote to establish a constitutional assembly that has power over all other branches of government.

McMaster has previously called on other nations to rescue Venezuela from Maduro’s authoritarian dictatorship.

The assembly is expected to rewrite the country’s constitution in order to cede more power to Maduro. It was elected last week Sunday in a national election that was boycotted by opposition supporters and called a sham by U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley.


Bombs explode at embassy
in Caracas, but no casualties


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Explosive devices lobbed by two people on a motorcycle have hit the Spanish embassy in Venezuela.

Prosecutors reported the incident Thursday, describing the explosives as gasoline bombs. There are no reports of casualties. It appeared that the building sustained no damage.

Venezuela’s president and election chief Wednesday denied a report that voter turnout numbers were manipulated and inflated by at least 1 million for the controversial election to choose an assembly to rewrite the national constitution.

The head of the National Election Council, Tibisay Lucena, said the claim by a British election-technology firm was irresponsible, and she threatened to begin legal action against the company.

“This is an unprecedented opinion from a firm whose only role in the electoral process is to provide certain services and technical support that has no bearing on the results,” Lucena said.

The opposition, which boycotted the vote, said turnout was less than 4 million, and that account was reinforced by journalists’ reports that dozens of polling places around Caracas were almost deserted Sunday.

The president of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, Julio Borges, said Smartmatic’s findings are “complete confirmation” of what the opposition and election analysts had suspected.


Trump is not discussing
firing Mueller, aides say


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Days after Special Counsel Robert Mueller reportedly impaneled a grand jury in the probe into Russian election interference , the White House on Sunday brushed off questions about whether President Donald Trump intends to fire Mueller.

“The president has not even discussed that. The president is not discussing firing Bob Mueller,” presidential counselor Kellyanne Conway said on ABC’s “This Week” program.

Before adjourning for a nearly one-month break, the Senate saw bipartisan legislation introduced that would make it harder to fire Mueller or any independent investigator in the future, by mandating a judge’s review of the dismissal.

“It provides the president the opportunity to consult with attorney general and the Department of Justice, potentially have one removed, but have that subject to a judicial review so that we make sure it’s done for proper cause,” said North Carolina Republican Senator Thom Tillis, also on This Week.

The president has repeatedly slammed the Russia investigation, which is looking into whether any Trump campaign aides illegally colluded with Russian interests and whether Trump obstructed justice when he fired former FBI chief James Comey, who was leading that agency's Russia probe before Mueller was appointed.

However, Mueller continues to enjoy a sterling reputation on Capitol Hill.

“Bob Mueller is one of the most respected senior federal law enforcement officials in modern American history. I’ll remind you, he’s a Republican who was appointed by a Republican,” said Sen. Chris Coons of Delaware, speaking on ABC.

“It’s in President Trump’s interest, it’s in the interest of protecting rule of law, for Bob Mueller to be allowed to continue this investigation to its conclusion.”

The investigation of Russian meddling remains an unrelenting irritant to the Trump administration. Ms. Conway argued that months of investigations have yielded next to nothing.

The grand jury will examine evidence and testimony collected in the Justice Department probe, an endeavor that may or may not lead to charges being filed.


Deadly heat could become
the new norm in some parts


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

New climate models show that parts of South Asia will become uninhabitable by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions are not dramatically reduced.

Under a high emissions scenario, where little action is taken to stop climate change, “the heat wave intensity will reach magnitudes that have not been observed before,” Elfatih Eltahir said. Eltahir is a hydro-climatologist at MIT who co-wrote the report published Wednesday in the open-access journal Science Advances.

Ironically, the water that attracted humans to these regions will be what makes the environment intolerable. These won’t be the hottest places in the world, but the heat, humidity, high population density and poverty combined will make them some of the places with the highest risk for deadly heatwaves.

The researchers wanted their analysis to take both heat and humidity into consideration, so that it would be more relevant to human health. They modeled the so-called “wet bulb temperature,” which takes the actual temperature and subtracts the cooling one could hope to achieve though evaporation.

If the wet bulb temperature rises about 95 degrees Fahrenheit, just below normal human body temperature, a person has no hope of dissipating heat. Under these conditions, even the healthiest individual in the shade, with water, will die after a few hours.

According to the heat index, a heat-humidity metric often used in weather reports, which adds humidity on top of temperature, a wet bulb temperature of 35°C would feel like 161 degrees Fahrenheit.

The models showed that under the high emissions scenario, these temperatures would likely be met sometime during the last three decades of the century in the Ganges River valley, northeastern India, Bangladesh, the eastern coast of India, the Chota Nagpur Plateau, northern Sri Lanka, and the Indus valley of Pakistan.

That doesn’t mean the heat would regularly surpass these temperatures.

“If the wet bulb temperature goes above 35, then everybody that’s outside basically dies so it’s a one-off sort of event that’s pretty terrible,” Alexis Berg, a hydro-climatologist at Princeton University, who was not associated with the study, said.

The report did say that under the high emissions scenario, called RCP 8.5, approximately 30 percent of the world’s population would be regularly exposed to extremely dangerous wet bulb temperatures. Under a lower emissions scenario, only 2 percent of the globe would be regularly exposed to those highs.

“RCP 8.5 is a death sentence for a large fraction of the world. It should be avoided at all costs,” said Matthew Huber, a climate scientist at Purdue University. “It does not require impossible effort to avoid RCP 8.5. The choice is very much ours to make.”


U.S. Khmer Rouge exhibit
atrocities seeks awareness


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

As a steady flow of visitors slowly made their way through the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on a recent morning, some contemplated a special exhibition on the Khmer Rouge terror in Cambodia, which wiped out almost a fifth of the population.

Helen Wedgewood, an American tourist, was among those in the museum. After she studied the images and watched a short documentary film, she could not hold back her tears.

“I feel very sad that this happened. I can’t imagine that when it was happening nobody knew, and if people knew, that they didn’t care enough to intervene,” the nurse from Apache Junction, Arizona, said.

Ted Nguyen, a Vietnamese tourist visiting the United States with his family, said: “Even though we are neighbors, I don’t know well about this. We need to have more of this kind of exhibition to help the new generation to know and remember this history.”

Wedgewood and Nguyen are two of the roughly 1.2 million visitors who will have seen the exhibition “Cambodia: 1975-1979” and a linked exhibition, “I Want Justice!” since they opened in May 2015, according to the museum. About 82,000 visitors have viewed the exhibitions’ websites online more than 200,000 times, officials said.

The Cambodia exhibitions, which appear alongside the museum’s permanent exhibition on the Jewish Holocaust during World War II, are scheduled to close Sept. 30, museum officials said.

Cameron Hudson, the director of the museum’s Simon Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, said the Cambodia exhibitions are helping to inform people that genocide and mass murder occurred throughout the world in the 20th century and could happen again unless actively prevented.

“For many Americans who visit the museum, it is the basic lesson of what happened in Cambodia,” Hudson said. “But most importantly, it delivers a deeper message that genocide did not end with the Holocaust; that the Holocaust was not the only genocide to happen and that we continue to repeat the mistakes of the past.

Greg Naranjo, the museum’s special exhibition developer and curator of the Cambodia display, agreed that Khmer Rouge-era killings offered an important lesson for Americans and other museum visitors.

Cambodian Americans who visited the exhibitions said they were glad to see a large audience learning their country’s history.

“It’s a reminder in a good way, for both Cambodians and everyone in the world,” said Ben Bao, a 66-year-old Khmer Rouge survivor who is president of Cambodian Community Day, a cultural, educational and social organization in the Washington metropolitan area.

“Cambodia: 1975-1979” examines the bloodthirsty tactics the Maoist Khmer Rouge forces of Pol Pot used to establish their new state, Democratic Kampuchea, which they envisioned as a self-sustaining, farm-based society.

Soon after the Khmer Rouge took Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975, they forced its 2 million residents into the countryside, where they joined millions of others pressed into forced-labor brigades, building earthworks and rice paddies. The Chinese-backed regime ran dozens of interrogation centers where tens of thousands of people were tortured and killed, often for no clear reason.

About 1.7 million Cambodians are estimated to have died from disease, starvation, exhaustion and murder. Historians continue to struggle to establish a more exact toll. In Cambodia, every family has a story of loved ones who were killed or went missing.

The exhibit “I want Justice!” examines the efforts to bring the perpetrators to trial. It focuses in large part on attempts in Cambodia to prosecute aging Khmer Rouge leaders at the United Nations-backed tribunal in Phnom Penh, the capital city. It focuses on how survivors have sought justice, be it personal, cultural or historical.

The U.S. has been a strong supporter of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, even though there are allegations that the U.S. did little to stop the Khmer Rouge regime when it was in power.

The U.S. and other Western countries agreed to let the Khmer Rouge fill Cambodia’s seat at the United Nations in order to punish Vietnam, an ally of the Soviet Union, for invading and toppling the regime.

Hudson, of the Simon Skjodt Center, said the exhibition included these U.S. foreign policy decisions from the 1970s, because it’s also not a proud moment in our history, in terms of the lack of a strong response to try to stop what we knew to be genocide or crimes inside Cambodia.


Pakistan dismisses assertions
of being selective in threats


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Pakistan has dismissed latest U.S. assertions it is selectively fighting terrorist groups or allowing insurgents to use Pakistani soil for plotting attacks against Afghanistan.

U.S. National Security Adviser McMaster told an American news station Saturday that the Trump administration wants regional countries, particularly Pakistan to stop providing “safe haven and support bases” to the Taliban and Haqqani Network.

"Pakistan has taken action against all the terrorist elements without discrimination. We have never allowed nor will anybody ever be allowed to use Pakistan's soil against any other country,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Nafees Zakaria said when asked for his comments on McMaster’s assertions.

“We have clarity in this regard, having suffered unparalleled loss of lives of tens of thousands of our citizens and billions of dollars to Pakistan's economy that we have to eradicate the menace completely and we shall continue to fight the terrorists, irrespective,” Zakaria said.

Afghan and U.S. officials have long alleged that Pakistani security forces are fighting anti-state militant groups on their soil but not moving against insurgents plotting cross-border attacks. McMaster in his Saturday’s interview reiterated those concerns.

“This is, of course, you know, a very paradoxical situation, right, where Pakistan is taking great losses. They have fought very hard against these groups, but they’ve done so really only selectively,” he said.

President Trump’s administration has not yet announced details of its new Afghan strategy and McMaster also declined to discuss any details, though he asserted the president has taken some important decisions.

The strategy is reportedly also exploring a new approach towards Pakistan that could see more U.S. pressure to address the issue of militant safe havens, expanding drone strikes, reducing aid to Islamabad and downgrading Pakistan’s status as a major non-NATO ally.

Afghan Defense Ministry spokesman, Dawlat Waziri has welcomed McMaster's comments on safe havens in Pakistan. He said the Afghan government has long maintained that without ending the sanctuaries on the other side of the border, the war in Afghanistan will not end.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

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Real estate for sale (paid category)

Hotel in
Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

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Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
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9189-9/2/17


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Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  (please link that email)
Check out slide show HERE!
9220-8/15/17


Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)






Hotel in
Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Sabana
Sur house
Commercial Building for Sale in Sabana Sur
A two story building w/14 areas for offices, call center, storage or residence. Building has been completely remodelled  Transportation within 50 mts. passenger train, buses and taxis. Park, gymnasium, tennis club and National soccer stadium 2 - 3 block walk. 24 hour security, many restuarants, clubs and social facilities nearby. Approximately 325 mts. construction $350,000. 
Contact :
 James Holley E-mail  jimmy6902001@yahoo.com
9245-7/8/17


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Related

Costa Rica
Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale



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A.M.
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Published || Monday Edition, August 7, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 155
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News from the BBC up to the minute



BBC newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Holding up a quiet prayer for more rain

It’s raining again and Metric Man is grumpy. He’s grumpy because all he sees is rain. That and the problems caused by rain. A leak here and there, a landslide, no signal on the TV, muddy dog feet—no wonder he is grumpy!


Victoria Torley
 Yes, all those things are true and
 I am someone who does object
 to muddy dog feet, especially on
 my newly scrubbed tile, but
 there is a difference.

 Metric Man does not garden.

 Gardeners see things a bit
 differently.

We put buckets under the leaks and call a roof specialist; we mop up the paw prints, grab a book, and remember to plant vetiver on the hillside. When all that is done, we very quietly bless the rain.

All this lovely rain is making my plants grow and recharging the lake so we can send water to our friends on the coast. It is washing the tree trunks, gathering nutrients as it goes and carrying them onto the roots of my epiphytic orchids. It is also rejuvenating the moss.

Rejuvenating moss is important since I harvest a lot of moss and not just for the orchids. Much of it gets used immediately but some of it gets heated in the oven or microwave and used like peat moss in and on pots. Handy stuff, moss, and the rain are making a luxurious crop of it right now.

Now, it’s true that rain can turn a lot of ground into mud–messy sticky mud—but up here near the lake all you need is a couple hours of sun and that top layer of mud is easy to turn over with a shovel and easy is a gardener’s dream. If you don’t believe me, try sticking a shovel into hard baked ground and you will soon be ready to trade the shovel for a pickaxe. Been there, done that. Easy is better. I am far too old for a pickaxe.

Rain is getting into everything. Out there in the rain there are piles of branches and yard waste that are being softened by the rain. Holes are appearing and by morning the beetles and bugs and creepy crawlies will have found their way into the holes to help break down that waste and turn it into compost, deep rich compost that will nourish the garden beds.

Rain is good stuff. I have my mop, my book, and I gave the dog a bath. Now if I could only channel the rain into the leaf cutter nests and drown them right out. There must be a way!


Parrot
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Victoria Torley       

Announcement of the Week

What, no plant? What’s going on?

What’s going on is the publication of my book, “Life is a Tropical Garden” for download on Kindle or at Amazon for paperback! But since I hate leaving you without a picture, here is a critical review of the book by a local reader: "My friends and I can’t stop talking about it, but you still haven’t read it? Silly human!"

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor. And, for more garden tips, visit HERE!




Costa Rican News
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CostaRicaReport.com
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From page 7:

Survey notes another increase in employment

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A recent survey by the country’s national census and statistics counter noted an increase of 125,000 people employed in the second quarter of 2013. This represents an overall decrease in the number of unemployed at a level not noted since 2013.

Based on the last Encuesta Continua de Empleo of the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos, this was the third consecutive decrease in the unemployment rate since the third quarter of 2016. The data shows there was an increase by about 2.5 percent to cap the overall employment rate so far as being 54.3 percent, the most important growth since the census began to apply this in 2010.

“The data provided by the Encuesta shows that the improvement in the performance of the labor market observed for several quarters is consistent,” said Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solís. “This data shows important improvements in key indicators of the labor market and they are a demonstration of the articulated effort among all institutions to give answers to the generation of jobs.”

Unemployment currently stands at 8.5 percent after the third consecutive decline in the rate since 2015, when it was 10.1 percent. This increase apparently reached across all genders and rural versus urban areas, Casa Presidencial said. The government attributes this growth primarily to the number of persons employed with the auto industry, education and health. With men, employment grew mainly in activities related to the service sector and, with women, in communications and public relations or marketing.

The survey said that, for this quarter anyway, 1.7 million people were hired to the workforce in an urban area while 578,000 were employed in rural areas. The survey quantifies data in terms of jobs officially enrolled and registered on the books.

Where there could be problems is if it examines the quality of the jobs being offered and accepted along with benefits particularly as the government announced last week, a liquidity crisis within its coffers. These factors should be considered when examining the numbers to determine the quality and stability of the job growth as well as retention rate and not just how many were employed for this quarter.