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Published Thursday Edition
July 6, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 133
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U.S. citizen reported missing by authorities
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A U.S. citizen was reported missing by Costa Rican judicial authorities Wednesday morning despite the call coming in May 5.

Officials of the Judicial Investigating Organization said John Edward Rosenberg left his house at San Pedro de San Ramón on April 17, 2017, and was not heard from again. A.M. Costa Rica acquired the data from Immigración in relation to Rosenberg’s travel history in and out of the country.

According to the report, Rosenberg’s last entry was on Jan. 16, 2017, from Juan Santamaría airport in Alajuela. There has not been a reported exit from the country since January of that year based on that data.

Agents are asking anyone with any information about his whereabouts to contact judicial offices.

Rosenberg is described in the report as being white, bald, thin figure, brown eyes, height of between 5’6’’ or 5’8’’ tall, and has fillings in his molars along with goatee.

The judiciary sent out the notice Wednesday afternoon despite A.M. Costa Rica receiving confirmation from OIJ that the call saying he was missing was put out May 5.

Despite inquiries, the judiciary would not confirm the reason why the notice was handed out to the press Wednesday and not sooner.

John Edward
Judicial Investigating Organization photo     
Photo of Rosenberg released by officials.

OIJ would only confirm that they received the missing person call from a woman “in relation to Rosenberg” with no other details provided as to the nature of the relationship. An investigator attached to the judiciary is working on the case.

San Ramón is located in Alajuela province west of San José. Readers suggested that Rosenberg also had lived around the area Nuevo Arenal and Tilarán as well.

Busted for
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo      
File photo of 2017 Cartago detention for drug-related issue.
Legislature gives approval on special tribunal bill
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The legislative assembly approved in the first debate the bill that would create a special jurisdiction to focus on organized crime in Costa Rica.

This is something being pushed for by the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the Judicial Investigating Organization and Casa Presidencial among other government entities. The bill needs only a second approval by the legislature in order for it to move into a law.

According to the bill’s parameters, the special jurisdiction will have exclusive in the investigation and prosecution of serious crimes committed by persons who meet the mandatory criteria.

In effect, this would create a special tribunal at both the criminal and appellate level exclusively working on cases determined to be of this nature, according to a statement by Casa Presidencial.

Special tribunals are more often associated with special military courts conducted by a government to the public during a time of national emergency rather than as being set up in conjunction with the regular court system.

It suggests the government is growing concerned over the issues entailed with organized crime. Gustavo Mata, the head of the public security ministry, noted that the initiative would allow prosecutorial authorities to expedite the process before a specialized unit.

Guillermo Araya, the head of the Instituto Costarricense sobre Drogas, said that bill would allow an improvement in results and reduce the time for analysis on cases related to organized crime.

“Organized crime, which is often in constant transformation and seeks to penetrate the institutions and social and economic sectors of the country, this bill stabilizes the state response against this phenomenon,” Araya said.

“This initiative seeks to equalize the fight by the approach of the State to generate an approach to face us at an equal level."

The impetus to this bill is due to the rising problem of Costa Rica’s transnational trafficking of illegal drugs on the part of cartels and organized crime groups in South America and in México.

The country is often used as a transit point for illegal drugs moving their way up the region toward the United States, based on data from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

To that end, Costa Rica has been receiving millions of dollars in equipment and funds to combat this issue from the United States as well as other Western governments to continue pursuing and punishing the organized crime element in the country.

It has also recently received pledges of support from the United States government at the Central American regional conference held in Miami back in June.

While the country does not often publish reports of any large cartels such as those often heard about in México and Colombia, organized crime is becoming a more familiar term of use during raids by the Judicial Investigating Organization as well as police and Guardacostas attached with the public security ministry.

Both have been pressing the government for more funds and manpower for what officials are calling an increase in crime as well as transnational issues of money laundering and drug trafficking to and between the country.

These are coupled with more noticeable hits and murders in relation to gang and organized crime violence in the country. Data from Costa Rican authorities and other watchdogs shows that Costa Rica faces a higher murder rate.

At the same time, that is not yet high by comparison to its neighbors in Central America collectively known as the Northern Triangle. Those countries include: Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala.

In addition to its passing by a second vote in the Assemblea Legislativa, the bill also needs to be signed into law by the president and published in the government daily, La Gaceta, to carry the full force of law.

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Five detained on Garabito theft charges

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Police in Garabito have detained five suspects in relation to a string of thefts from local businesses.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, an alert was issued to the police stations in Quepos, Parrita and Garabito for an apparent robbery from a local supermarket. The police stations coordinated a joint operation to search out the area.

Fuerza Pública on patrol in Jacó noticed a vehicle matching the description of the one that was used in the Quepos incident. The persons in the vehicle allegedly attempted to flee after noticing officers, the report said. The police actions occurred Wednesday morning.

A search led to police finding the merchandise stolen from the business in Quepos. The suspects detained are three men and two women. Two of the detained suspects have a prior history in relation to thefts and robberies, police said. They were remanded to the judicial authorities.

Third of school kids obese, census says

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A third of primary school students in the country are overweight or obese, according to the results of the Weight and Size Census, which took place during 2016.

The study was carried out by the Ministerio de Salud and the Ministerio de Educación Pública with the support of the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund. The research included 4,200 public, semi-public and private schools and analyzed 90 percent of the target population.

The research also reveals that 64 percent of students present a weight and size appropriate for their age. However, two percent of the them present some degree of malnutrition, especially in Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limón.

According to the 2008 National Nutrition Survey, the problem of obesity in Costa Rica affected only 21 percent of students, while in 2016 that figure reached 34 percent.

The results indicate that overweight occurs mainly among students who come from families who have lower incomes and who use fried and fat-filled food that makes them feel satisfied.

In other cases where junk food is not available, students double their consumption of traditional rice and beans that are flours that can increase the weight of people and do not provide all required nutrients.

"We now have strategic information and we can compare the different regions of the country, make decisions and evaluate results," said Virginia Murillo, deputy health minister. "It is our obligation to be efficient for the benefit of our children during a fundamental stage for their formation."

 "We want to establish better conditions and opportunities for our children," said Ana Helena Chacón, vice president of the republic. "Education is not enough, we must also provide adequate health and nutrition conditions."

Traditionally, public school students in Costa Rica have access to a school feeding program, where they receive breakfast or lunches at school in so-called Comedores

Currently there are 4,500 free Comedores offering at least one meal to 36,000 students nationwide for 220 days a year. In addition, the Ministry of Health's CEN-CINAI program evaluates the nutrition of 114,000 of those students nationwide.

According to Ministry of Health laws, public schools and colleges may also sell fruits, salads, some traditional foods but are not allowed to sell fried products, snacks, or high sugar content.

This first School Weight and Weight Census covered 90.9 percent of students between the ages of 6 and 12, with a 95 percent confidence rate and included 4,200 public, semi-public, and private schools.

Turrialba lava lake
Red Sismológico Nacional photo         
June 29, 2017, photo of the lava lake in the Turrialba crater.

Lava lake opens up in Volcán Turrialba

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A tiny lava lake opened in the Turrialba volcano, according to a Tuesday statement from the Red Sismológical Nacional.

The lake, which is only about 50 meters in diameter, opened while a drone monitored the changes in the volcano’s active crater. Turrialba has been in the news lately for its small eruptions of sediment within the lake.

Officials at the Red say that this is the reason why a reddish glow is observed in the crater at night and proves that magma is ascending to the surface.

“This is a part of the normal process of the Volcán Turrialba, which has been accumulating in recent years,” Mauricio Mora, the director of the Escuela Centroamericana de Geología. “We have long suspected that there was a magmatic body on the rise, without a rocky cover.”

Mora assured that, although for the moment the system is open, there is not many deep magmatic movements that are increasing to the eruptive stage. He does caution, however, that this does not mean a more explosive event for the future is not ruled out.

The expert also does not know if the lava lake is expected to grow any more or if it will simply disappear. That would only be the case if the magma cooled and hardened as a result of rain and as activity slows down. On the flip side, it could also disappear as the crater begins to erupt, the monitoring network said.

According to the network, laguitos de lava, as they are called in Spanish, tend to be smaller in size and duration. Other volcanoes have lava lakes persisting for years such as in Kilauea in Hawaii. In recent years, other volcanoes have had similar lava lakes such as the Masaya volcano in Nicaragua where a similar cavity was formed in 2015.

In Costa Rica, the most recent case of a lava lake was at Arenal between 1984 and 2010, when it stopped flowing lava at the surface. Although the volcano monitor only recently discovered the existence of the lava lake, its drone first noticed it back in June 29.

The Red Sismológica Nacional is the child of an agreement between the Universidad de Costa Rica and the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad.

Telecom's digital transition rules made

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The rules to take full advantage of the coming transition from analog to digital within the public broadcasting system in the country have already reached the legislative assembly.

On Wednesday, legislators from Partido Acción Ciudadana, Frente Amplio, Unidad Social Cristiana, and Liberación Nacional agreed on a bill that will regulate the new system and will seek to provide citizens with new benefits.

The bill proposes that current operators of a radio or television channel will be forced to broadcast in digital format once the the change takes place on Dec. 15, 2017. The frequencies used for repeating a signal will go back to the State for new purposes.

According to the bill, it will be the duty of the Superintendencia General de Telecomunicaciones to administer the returned frequencies.

The document also guarantees that a part of the radio-electric field must be used for a public, non-commercial purpose. Some of governments organizations that will continue to have the right to a part of the spectrum are the state-owned Sistema Nacional de Radio y Televisión or Sinart, Universidad de Costa Rica and Universidad Estatal a Distancia.

Community radio stations, television channels and social organizations will have a percentage of the spectrum reserved. Perhaps the biggest novelty is the creation of the Fondo Nacional de Radiodifusión, which will be funded by charging a fee to all concessionaires of the frequencies.

The fund is intended to create a state neutral network operated by Sinart, which may host private, public or community television signals. At the same time, Sinart would provide infrastructure to the new sub-channels, potentially increasing the offer of private television initiatives.

The fund would also promote the production of national audiovisual content with the help of the Centro Costarriense de Producción Cinematográfica. In addition, the money of the fund could be used to will support the purchase of digital decoders for people in extreme poverty and old television sets.

According to the legislators, this bill is inspired on the law of several strong market economies such as England, Chile and México, while adapted to the Costa Rican context.

The shift to open digital television will allow public broadcasters to provide higher quality transmissions, create interactive content and send messages to their audiences. It also offers the possibility for a channel to have sub-channels.

The transitions to this technology has been discussed since 2009, when the Ley de Telecommunicaciones was approved.

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Cartago botanical garden hosting first national bonsai exhibition
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A passion for bonsai trees and the Far Eastern style art that comes with it will all be on display in the country’s first national exhibition at the Universidad de Costa Rica branch in Cartago.

The activity is being organized by the Jardín Lankester, a public garden and research center attached to the university in Cartago. It will be held this weekend from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. with over 110 trees that can be viewed in the Japanese Garden section, organizers said.

Jorge Warner Pineda, a researcher at the botanical garden, said that since the creation of the Japanese Garden, the staff have maintained supporting activities in relation to oriental culture and forming links with interested groups on this subject.

In Costa Rica, “the interest in bonsai is growing and that is good because it contributes to appreciation and respect for nature. In our country, there are already several organized groups or clubs for bonsai growers,” he said.

During the event, there will also be free talks given on various techniques that help trees and other plants that are grown in pots take on the appearance of miniature adult bonsai, the university said. There will also be a tea ceremony, which is a traditional ritual of the Japanese culture that is expected to be presided over by the Japanese Embassy.

Bonsai tree
Universidad de Costa Rica photo    
Bonsai trees are as much gardening as an art form.

That will be held in the morning, organizers said.

Warner said that the best bonsai will be rewarded after voting by visitors who will pick their favorite tree. Entrance fee to the botanical garden is 2,500 colones for adults and 1,500 for children, students with ID and senior citizens.

For people wanting to buy a bonsai tree of their own, there will be several stalls selling bonsai. Food will also be available, organizers said.

The botanical garden is located just east of Cartago Centro close to the road going to Paraíso.

Blues band set to throw concert at Hard Rock Cafe on July 29
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Dave Scott, Steve Arvey and the Blind Pig Band are hosting a show at 9 p.m. Saturday July 29 with at least half the proceeds going toward the United Nations Children’s Fund.

According to Margie Scott, one of the organizers and host of her own radio program on Radio 2, the blues band will be at the Hard Rock Café in San José for the live event for their official release party. The band recorded a live album at the same venue back in June, according to the band website.

David Scott is one the performers at the show and U.S. expat here in Costa Rica. According to the band’s site at Turbo Productions, he claims to be the first English-speaking rock DJ in Central America.

He touts himself as the godfather of the blues at the Costa Rica International Blues Festival.

Meanwhile Steve Arvey is a Chicago bluesman who is famous for performing in Costa Rica on a “cigar box” guitar, organizers said.

Their album, titled “Ballads & Blues” was recorded live as the apex of at least 20 years of collaboration between the two musicians.

The band encourages everyone to come out citing anyone who likes great music to go see the show at the Hard Rock Café. All ages are welcome, the group said.

Steve Arvey
Blind Pig Band Facebook page photo
Steve Arvey performs on guitar at band's concert.

The Blind Pigs Band consists of guitar players, Carolos Dominquez and Greasy D as well as bass player Franco Torterolo and Francisco Alvarado on drums. The band cites some of its influences on its Facebook page like blues giants Muddy Waters, Eric Clapton, John Lee Hooker and B.B. King.

It also includes inspirations like the Velvet Underground, Led Zeppelin, Traffic and Jeff Beck as well.

The Hard Rock Café San José is located on the west side of the General Cañas highway in front of the Mall Cariari and Herradura Hotel about five kilometers east of Juan Santamaría airport.

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Less is better in terms of calories and malaria parasites, study says
By the Science Daily press staff

Even though malaria still kills one child every minute, the vast majority of those infected still survive, with roughly 200 million new infections every year.

A new study has shown that the infectious agent responsible for malaria, the Plasmodium parasite, is able to to sense and actively adapt to the host's nutritional status.

Using mouse models of malaria infection, scientists led by Maria Mota from Instituto de Medicina Molecular in Lisbon, found that mice who ate 30 percent fewer calories had a significantly lower parasite load.

Plasmodium parasites reproduce inside red blood cells every 48 hours. The study in “Nature” reveals for the first time that the parasite's rate of replication depends on the calories ingested by the host.

This may ultimately dictate the outcome of a malaria infection: survival or death.

"This finding alters our understanding of the dynamics of malaria infections in the field and might be highly relevant facing the alarming trend of global increased overweight versus underweight populations, including in malaria endemic regions," Ms. Mota said.

There were two possibilities to explain the surprising observation: either the parasite was actively adapting when changed to a host with lower calorie intake, or instead was struggling to replicate due to the fact that some key nutrients were missing.

"This is one of the best examples demonstrating that malaria parasites sense and adapt to their host's metabolic environment through transcriptional and developmental changes," said Manuel Llinas, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at Penn State University and an author of the paper.

"Discovering precisely how this occurs may lead to new therapeutic intervention strategies to significantly reduce parasite burden."

Researchers controlled the food intake of mice before infection with different Plasmodium parasites and studied their response. They found that parasites that were missing an enzyme called KIN had an impaired response to decreased nutrient availability, and replicated at the same speed, regardless of the food available to the mice.

These results imply that KIN acts as a nutrient sensor and major regulator of parasites' ability to respond to nutritional changes, and that the malaria parasites adapt actively.

Parisitic rats
Instituto de Medicina Molecular photo
Parasitaemia, green and red areas, of P. berghei ANKA infection in mice. The mouse on the left was fed and the one on the right was under caloric restriction.

Oliver Billker, a collaborator on the research from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, said: "This is the first time that anyone has seen that a parasite can actively restrict its growth to the environment and completely changes the way we look at parasite growth. While future research is still necessary to understand the full extent of these findings, it may well have implications not just for malaria, but also for other infectious diseases."

The data was also surprising in the context that KIN does not have many of the expected features of other nutrient sensor molecules shared between yeast, plants and mammals. As such, these findings are just the tip of the iceberg.

Future studies in parasite adaptation to host nutritional states will investigate how KIN is controlled and what are its partners.

A better understanding of this system may help researchers design strategies that trick the parasite into slowing its replication to make it easier to control.

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See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email :

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Household Furnishings

Furniture of Sarchi

Fine Furniture of Sarchi - Sarchi, Costa Rica
All our handcrafted products are made in Sarchi with pride and quality by artisans who are dedicated to designing, crafting, and delivering our furniture to you. Please visit our website and send us a picture and specifications of what YOU like, or just send us pictures from anywhere you wish. We will quote you right back with a more than competitive price and an on-time delivery date. Delivery and set up available throughout Costa Rica. We have different Costa Rican woods from which you may choose.
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U.S. Income Tax Services (paid category)

Tax Time
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Marlene B. Summers
ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so.  However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.  Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.

If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

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If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

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solar one

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NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
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BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
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Side of Pura Vida

A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page

Salsa Lizano
Published || Thursday Edition, July 6, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 133
Real Estate
About us
Gunmen hold hostage
Venezuela’s legislature

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Armed supporters of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro are holding hostage the country's entire legislature, Voice of America reported Wednesday from Caracas.

Algarra, other reporters and a number of non-legislators also are being held, along with all 112 elected members of the National Assembly, which is controlled by Maduro's political opponents.

“They will not let us out,” the VOA reporter said by telephone. “It is suicidal to try to leave.”

The hostages could hear gunmen outside the National Assembly building chanting, “It's going to fall. This assembly is going to fall.”

The Maduro supporters, who call themselves colectivos, burst into the legislative chamber at the beginning of the takeover.

Shots were fired and detonations were heard, and ambulances took away about 15 injured people, some of them lawmakers with blood streaming down their faces and soaking their shirts.

The armed gangs left the Legislative Palace later, Algarra reported, but kept the building surrounded. National Guardsmen patrolled the area but made no move to remove the gunmen or free those being detained inside.

The National Assembly was meeting in a special session to honor Venezuela's Independence Day when dozens of colectivos charged into the chamber. That set off a huge brawl in which at least 15 people were injured.

The colectivos have in the past insisted the entire National Assembly must resign, but they announced no demands on Wednesday, Algarra reported.

Assembly President Julio Borges said the lawmakers would not yield to any demands by the gunmen.

President Maduro, marching in a Venezuelan Independence Day parade, said he had nothing to do with what he called the strange events at the National Assembly.

“I do not accept violence from anyone,” Maduro said, adding that he would call for an investigation.

Venezuela has been gripped by a political and economic crisis for months. Daily street protests against the Maduro government often explode into violence between pro- and anti-government marchers. Nearly 100 people have been killed.

Maduro has called an election on July 30 for members of a special assembly to rewrite Venezuela's constitution. This is the only way, the president said, to fix the country's problems and end violence.

Opposition leaders proposed instead an unofficial referendum, which they said would give Venezuela's people a voice, to choose whether they want a new national charter. Maduro's call for a new constitution is a ruse, the opposition said, intended to tighten his grip on the country and move toward dictatorship.

Venezuela's economic collapse, caused by both plunging world energy prices and government corruption, has wreaked havoc on what was once a prosperous, oil-rich nation.

Basic staples such as flour, bread, cooking oil and gasoline are in extremely short supply. Many Venezuelans routinely cross the borders into neighboring Colombia and Brazil to buy food.

Maduro blames his country's woes on the United States and warns of civil war if the Organization of American States intervenes.

Colombian rebels release
United Nations hostage

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Colombian officials say a United Nations contractor was released by dissident FARC rebels Wednesday after he was taken captive two months ago.

"We are very grateful for the decision to release him unharmed. He is in good health," the director of the U.N. Information Center in Bogota, Helene Papper said.

"We are currently making all the logistical arrangements to transfer him to Bogota," Ms. Papper said of the former hostage, identified by the French news agency as Harley Lopez, a Colombian national.

Former members of the FARC, or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, seized their hostage while he was working on a project to replace coca with legal crops such as coffee and fruit.

Nearly 300 dissidents, who rejected a peace deal between the rebel group and Colombian government last year, want to take over coca cultivation and cocaine trafficking that were abandoned when the FARC agreed to lay down its weapons.

The May kidnapping coincided with a U.N. Security Council meeting in the Andean country to discuss the peace accord, which ended more than five decades of conflict.

Court challenge to U.S.
brought on Iraqi deportations

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new lawsuit brought by 114 Iraqi nationals, who are in detention and scheduled for imminent deportation from the United States, invokes the international treaty against torture and could have far-reaching consequences for thousands of other foreign nationals.

The Iraqis, who have all been accused of or convicted of various crimes, are not appealing their deportation orders per se, but are asking for the right to contest those orders in court on the grounds that returning to Iraq would place them in mortal danger.

Most of the Iraqis are Chaldean Christians and some are Shi'ite Muslims; both groups face persecution in their native Iraq.

Last week, U.S. District Court of Michigan Judge Mark Goldsmith granted a temporary stay not only to the Iraqi immigrants who brought the suit in Detroit, but to 1,400 Iraqis nationwide, who face deportation.

Goldsmith ruled that he needed two weeks to decide whether he has jurisdiction over the case or whether it belongs in immigration court.

If Goldsmith determines he does not have jurisdiction, the immigrants will be put on a plane to Iraq. But if he rules that he does, it would mean moving forward with a lawsuit that tests the government’s duty to protect people under the international Convention against Torture.

Up until very recently, Iraq would not accept citizens who were deported by the U.S. That changed after the administration of President Donald Trump issued its first order restricting travel in January. The order banned travel from seven countries, including Iraq.

Rather than be included in the travel order, Iraq negotiated a repatriation agreement with the U.S. government and when the revised order was issued, Iraq was no longer on the list.

Since then, immigration agents have been rounding up Iraqi foreign nationals, who have committed crimes and consequently are under deportation orders.

An immigration spokesperson said in an email that the Iraqis who have been detained are part of an effort to process the backlog of these individuals, which is a decision which resulted from recent negotiations between the U.S. and Iraq that has agreed to accept a number of its nationals subject to orders of removal.

Immigration said the people arrested have final removal orders and the overwhelming majority have criminal convictions for serious crimes.

Representing the government, Assistant U.S. Attorney Jennifer Newby said in court that petitioners, many of whom have had deportation orders for years, could have sought relief before an immigration court at any time and in not doing so, had abandoned their right to remain in the U.S.

“There are no limitations on the number that you can file and the timing so they certainly could have filed these petitions,” Ms. Newby said. “They didn’t know that Iraq would take them back,” countered Lee Gelernt, a lawyer for the Iraqi detainees.

“It’s only at that moment where they’re going to be removed that it really matters, and so we do not see why the government would not allow them to actually have their process.”

Because of their beliefs, the Iraqis, who brought the suit, could face persecution, torture and even death if sent back Iraq. Their attorneys say that sending them back violates U.S. law in the form of the Convention against Torture.

The Convention is an international human rights treaty that prohibits torture and degrading treatment against all human beings. The United Nations General Assembly adopted it in 1984, and the U.S. ratified the treaty in October 1994.

But if the case moves forward and is successful, the government could be forced to consider due process rights under the international treaty, ensuring no one is deported without a hearing.

Judge Goldsmith has said he will decide if he has jurisdiction in the case by July 10.

Volvo courtesy photo       
Volvo is going all electric on its cars.

Volvo to go all electric
by 2019, company says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Swedish carmaker Volvo says it is phasing out the internal combustion engine in favor of electric motors by 2019.

Volvo, which is Chinese owned, is the first traditional carmaker to announce the move.

"This announcement marks the end of the solely combustion engine-powered car," said Volvo's president Håkan Samuelsson in a statement Wednesday. "People increasingly demand electrified cars, and we want to respond to our customers' current and future needs.".

The company, which made a name for itself for emphasizing passenger safety, said it will offer five electric cars between 2019 and 2021. Three will be branded as Volvo and the others will be labeled as Polestar, the company’s high-end brand.

The company said it would also offer plug-in hybrid or other hybrid-type cars, some of which do use a small gas engine along with a rechargeable battery.

The company says it will continue to make pure combustion engine cars launched prior to 2019.

Geely, the Chinese company that has owned Volvo since 2010, was likely an impetus for the move as electric vehicles have been eagerly adopted in China due to high levels of air pollution.

According to Center for Automotive Research at Germany's University of Duisberg-Essen, the country is home to half the world’s electric cars. China has said it wants 5 million electric cars on Chinese roads by 2020.

Electric carmaker Tesla recently announced it was in talks to build a plant near Shanghai.

Deadly floods created
by typhoon-hit Japan

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Rescuers were being scrambled Thursday to reach areas of southern Japan hit by flash flooding in the aftermath of Typhoon Nanmadol, which swept through the area this week.

At least one person was killed and several were reported missing after torrential rains swelled rivers and triggered landslides in Fukuoka and Oita prefectures.

In Fukuoka prefecture, about 375,000 people at risk of flooding were ordered to leave their homes. Overflowing rivers damaged the town of Asakura, where muddy rapids covered what had been dry ground. In neighboring Oita prefecture, more than 21,000 people were told to evacuate, NHK reported.

Japan's Meteorological Agency said unprecedented amounts of rain would continue to fall in the two prefectures through Thursday.

Qatar blames Saudis, UAE
for crisis in Cairo meeting

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Qatar's foreign minister blamed Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates for leading the embargo against the Gulf state on Wednesday, the same day the group of nations that cut ties with Qatar issued a joint statement expressing disappointment over its negative response to their demands.

"We believe that this entire campaign is merely driven by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates," Qatar's Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani told an audience at London's Chatham House.

"These are the countries that we need to engage to find out what are the real problems and what are the real grievances."

His comments came a month after four countries severed diplomatic and economic ties with Qatar over concerns the oil-rich Gulf state is supporting extremism. Qatar denies the allegations.

Meanwhile, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Soukry hosted representatives from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Bahrain in central Cairo to mull their next move following Qatar's response to their demands.

The group did not announce any new sanctions against Qatar, but vowed to continue economic pressure until Doha made concessions.

The Arab states had issued a 13-point list of demands on June 22, asking, among other things, for Qatar to abandon ties with Iran, shut down the Turkish military base it hosts, and shutter Al-Jazeera news bureaus.

Qatar's Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed called the demands unrealistic Tuesday.

In London, he warned the group of Arab states against demanding that we must surrender our sovereignty as the price for ending the siege, and argued the sanctions are really part of a long-running gambit for regime change in Qatar.

U.S. President Donald Trump also stepped into the fray Wednesday, speaking over the phone with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi about the crisis.

According to the White House, Trump called on Egypt and the other Arab states to negotiate with Qatar in good faith to bring the deepening crisis to a swift and peaceful conclusion.

Kim Jong Un celebrates
North Korean State TV photo         
Kim Jong Un celebrates following test.

U.S. calls for firm action
against North Korea by U.N.

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States told U.N. Security Council members Wednesday it is prepared to use military means to defend against the threat posed by North Korea's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile, but that it would be best to try to resolve the crisis through diplomatic and economic measures.

Ambassador Nikki Haley said the U.S. is prepared to defend itself and its allies. "One of our capabilities lies with our considerable military forces." The United States has 28,500 troops stationed in South Korea and about 50,000 in Japan.

Ms. Haley told Security Council members at an emergency meeting Wednesday: "We will use them if we must, but we prefer not to have to go in that direction."

North Korea's launch of an ICBM for the first time triggered widespread condemnation and an immediate diplomatic crisis. Parts of North America are believed to be in range of the new multistage rocket Pyongyang test-fired Tuesday.

U.S. military officials said there were multiple reasons to be concerned about the North Korean action, but that the overall threat to the U.S. and its allies, Japan and South Korea, in particular is still limited.

Ms. Haley said the United States will propose new sanctions against North Korea shortly. A new draft resolution will be circulated among Security Council members in the coming days, she noted, adding the measure raises the international response in a way that's proportionate to North Korea's escalation.

Among new sanctions under consideration, U.S. officials indicated, are restrictions on the flow of oil and other energy supplies to Pyongyang's military and weapons programs, tightened controls over air and maritime traffic to North Korea, and further moves to hold senior officials of the Kim Jong Un regime accountable for the country's defiance of international demands to shut down its nuclear-weapons development program.

The U.S. and China remain far apart on what to do about North Korea, and Beijing's response to the next U.S. move on North Korea will be key to the success of the American effort.

China is North Korea's largest commercial partner, and the trade volume between the two countries rose 37.4 percent in the first part of this year, according to Chinese data released in April.

China did announce in February it was suspending all coal imports from North Korea through the end of 2017, to comply with the U.N. sanctions program. Coal is Pyongyang's single largest export, and the Chinese action could cost Pyongyang hundreds of millions of dollars.

China's U.N. ambassador, Liu Jieyi, said the North Korean missile launch was unacceptable and a flagrant violation of U.N. resolutions, but he did not say whether Beijing would support new sanctions, and he dismissed the idea of a military solution to the crisis on the Korean peninsula.

China proposed a resolution calling on Pyongyang to suspend its military programs and for the United States and South Korea to likewise suspend their annual joint military exercises. The U.S. has so far rejected this idea.

U.S. officials said Pyongyang's first-ever demonstration of an intercontinental weapon caught the world's attention, and they warned that the diplomatic window of opportunity for resolving tensions on the Korean peninsula is quickly closing.

The United States tracked the two-stage ICBM for 37 minutes after it took off from a mobile launcher Tuesday near Panghyon Airport. Experts said the rocket was fired in a very steep orbit, rising far above Earth's atmosphere before splashing down in the Sea of Japan.

More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

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Real estate for sale (paid category)

Beautiful Home and Land for Sale

Atenas home
Atenas Best climate, best views. Top of the mountain, Nestled on a two acre coffee farm with tropical gardens and fruit trees. 1200 meters. 

This home has 3 bedrooms and 3 baths with outdoor bathtub in master bedroom, Solar hot water, well, pool, indoor courtyard with fountains, living room has a fireplace. All rooms have outside sitting areas.

Private and secluded, cannot be seen from the road.
SANCTUARY OF PEACE!!! Price $750k call for viewing. phone 506-8831-8086  Email

Costa Rica

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email:

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR

Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

San Ramon home
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike:  (please link that email)
Check out slide show HERE!

Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17

Puriscal home
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
Video Tour:
Community Web Site:
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email

COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here:

Etlinger Farm
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is and photo album can be found at

horse ranch
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:

Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email 

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Century 21

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Tamarindo The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  or click here

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We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property

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SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
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  Published|| Thursday Edition, July 6, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 133
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News from the BBC up to the minute

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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Casa Presidencial photo
Delay after delay mar this port's completion.

Moín docks needed now, union says

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Unión Costarricense de Cámaras y Asociaciones del Sector Empresarial Privado, the country’s biggest employer’s union, made a call for the government to have the new Limón docks up and running.

According to the union, 80 percent of all maritime cargo passes through Limón and the sooner the new Terminal de Contenedores de Limón starts its operations, the better for the country in terms of competitiveness, cost, image and flow of imported and exported goods.

The call comes after APM Terminals, the company in charge of building and running the new docks for the next 60 years, recently announced a delay on the project due to internal causes but also the lack of a two-kilometer road that the government committed to build in order to connect the docks to the rest of the city.

“This delay for the concessionaire would mean a cost of up to $100,000 per day, an amount that the company assumes responsibly, in addition to paying the respective fines," explained Arturo Pacheco, president of the Unión.

However, Pacheco said the new delay should not mean that other complementary works are paralyzed or delayed, as is the case of the road 257, which is a government responsibility

“If it is not ready when the new docks starts operating, the country would lose $20 per container,” he added.

The union also demanded to know how the $1 billion the government offered to the state-owned docks administrator in Limón will be used.

Traditionally, the docks of Limón have been managed by the Junta de Desarrollo de la Región de la Vertiente Atlántica, which is a unionized and stated owned company. The Junta is expected to receive a fund injection to be prepared to compete with APM Terminals.

“That money should be invested with a strategic vision and generate more resources, job opportunities and greater competitiveness and the business sector is willing to work for the development of the province, "said Pacheco.

Desamparados goes herbicide free too

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

And now, the municipality of Desamparados agreed not to spend more money on herbicide purchases, nor to expose the health of its workers and residents of the canton to agrochemicals in public areas such as roadsides, cemeteries and municipal parks.

The initiative was filed by the Frente Amplio council member Susan Campos Ortega, Eduardo Guillén Gardela and José Hernandez, the latter from the Partido Ecológico Comunal.

It was unanimously approved by the eleven council members of the seven parties represented in the city council last Tuesday night.

This same week, The municipality of Aserrí also banned herbicides from its public spaces. In 2017 the municipalities of Belén, Tibás, Pérez Zeledón, Santo Domingo, Montes de Oca have taken similar measures so far.

This is an achievement of the Movimiento de Cantones Libres de Herbicidas with the support of several organizations such as the Unión de Científicos Comprometidos con la Sociedad y la Naturaleza de América Latina, Red de Coordinación en Biodiversidad, Bloque Verde and others.

Costa Rican News
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From page 7:

Costa Rica improves in entrepreneurship rank

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica improved its rankings within the Latin America in entrepreneurship, according to the latest report released by the Programa de Desarrollo Emprendedor.

The program is a part of the Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento in Argentina as a pioneer program on entrepreneurship and innovation in Latin America, according to its website. Prodem, as it is more commonly known, bases its working model that favors an articulation between research, training of human capital and providing technical assistance to institutions and entrepreneurs alike.

According to a statement by the Ministerio de Economía, Industría y Comercio placed fifth in the region overall losing to México, Argentina, Brazil and Chile at the top spot. That is an improvement of one placement. Globally the country ranks 42 based on the report’s data. The economic ministry said that the progress was significant since 2012 as the country shows progress in regulations and advances in standards to create companies and tex requirements on venture capital. As an example, third placement Argentina improved more than four spots from 2016.

The report also said that Costa Rica was among the countries that showed an increase in a support environment encouraging entrepreneurship.

“The data of this study, expresses that the systemic nature of the entrepreneurial phenomenon, invites us to rethink the orientation and scale of the efforts that are being made in order to achieve transformative and sustainable results in the long term,” the economic ministry said in a statement.

“Efforts are required in entrepreneurial human capital, to improve the technological level of the industry and to increase the number of researchers and the expenditure of research and development, both public and private.”