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  Published Tuesday Edition
July 4, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 131
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U.S. Independence Day is here in Costa Rica too
Uncle Sam
Library of Congress photo      





...to have a Happy Fourth of July celebration from the staff at A.M. Costa Rica. Photos of the American Colony Committee's Fourth celebration should be expected for Wednesday's edition.

A special submitted by Conor Golden, News Editor, can be found HERE!



Bank not providing terms and conditions to clients
By Rommel Téllez
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Banks are obliged to provide customers with a written copy of its terms and conditions for the opening of any type of account, even if it belongs to the Simplified File Accounts, or SFA, category.

The SFAs are easy-to-open accounts authorized by the Banco Central de Costa Rica on May 2015. To open one of them, applicants need only provide an email, a telephone number and valid ID. Then the customer determines if they will expect to deposit over $1,000, $5,000 or $10,000 a month.

This product was created to encourage more people to join the banking systems especially those workers who do not comply with tougher requirements. Among the beneficiaries there are gardeners, housewives, coffee bean pickers and informal workers.

Data from the Banco Central shows that, as of September 2016, at least 170,000 people have opened up an account of this sort in the public and private banking system.

However, A.M Costa Rica has confirmed that at least one public bank, Banco Nacional, is not providing written terms and conditions to the users of these accounts under the premise that a simplified process means not providing the clauses of the services.

The existence of annual fees, their costs, the existence of surcharges, the procedure to close the account or settle down a dispute is part of the missing information.
After several questions to the customer service chief of the bank, he said that unfortunately he has no terms and conditions documented to deliver after an account is open.

He also said he would ask some other department about the clauses and call back. He did not.

According to the Reglamento de Tarjetas de Crédito y Débito 35867-MEIC, from 2010, all credit and debit card holders have the right to know on what conditions the services will be delivered.

It can be a formal contract or any other document that clearly shows the information.

“All cardholders should be informed of the general conditions that effect: the issuance and the use of the cards, rights and obligations from the parties, cost of charges and services, how bank statements will be delivered and when, the right to reversions, claims and responsibilities," Article 6 of the Reglamento says.

"Those conditions may be included in the contract of current and saving accounts or any other document the issuer may choose.”

A.M. Costa Rica tried to talk Carlos Melegatti director of the division of Payment Systems at Banco Central, however he did not respond to the inquiries sent through his press officer.

A.M. Costa Rica also tried to request comment from the Superintendencia General de Entidades Financieras, which did not reply on time.


Taxis receiving new requirement for fairer practice
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

As of Saturday, all taxis must be equipped with speaking and ticket printing taxi meters, popularly known by their Costa Rican slang maría, in order to provide their services or else they could be heavily fined and their license plates removed.

According to Mario Zárate, director of the Consejo de Transporte Público, taxis should be mechanically checked and approved to work twice a year, so many of them will be asked to have the taxi meter updated during the second semester of 2017.

Authorities believe that by December, when all inspections are finished, 13,000 taxi concessionaires will have the device installed in their units.

“This public transportation system guaranteed by the state continues to strengthen and improve,” said Zárate. “It's a means of transportation that offers better benefits to the users and by implementing these devices they will also offer increased transparency.”

The new marías would make it easier for visually impaired people to use the cabs, since passengers are able to hear how much the fare is. It also allows for the customer to have a more detailed invoice in regards the time, length and cost of the trip.

According to the Consejo, just 38 percent of all taxis will require a full taxi meter change.
Taxis in
                              line
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Conor Golden      
Taxis waiting in line outside hospital.

This may cost the driver somewhere between $500 and $800.

54 percent should make the required modification at a cost between $300 and $500. The remaining eight percent has already performed the required update.

The taxi meter modifications became mandatory when the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court ruled in favor of a citizen who filed a request for them, back in 2014.

Several taxi associations have complained about the new regulation, as they claim it affects their budgets and maintenance fees.

They also claim the current fares do not cover the new expenses in paper and ink when providing receipts.




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A.M.
Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Tuesday Edition, July 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 131
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
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Costa Rica showdown at ICJ
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto photo          
The Costa Rican delegation listens to the bench's response.

Costa Rica returns to the courtroom

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

On Monday, Costa Rica began the final row hearing on two border disputes with Nicaragua at the International Court of Justice in the Hague, Netherlands.



The conflicts to be solved are called the Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean and the other one is called Land Delimitation in the northern part of Isla Portillos.

Both cases have been merged into one by the Tribunal.

The first case concerns the delimitation of all maritime areas between the two countries up to 200 nautical miles.

 Costa Rica presented the case on February 25, 2014, when Nicaragua offered territorial blocks for oil extraction in maritime areas that Costa Rica considers to be its own.



"The maritime delimitation case was called upon because the two states could not reach agreement on their maritime boundaries," said Edgar Ugalde, one of the country's legal representatives.



Nicaragua says that the maritime boundary of the Nicoya Peninsula should be ruled out, according to Costa Rican ambassador to the Netherlands Sergio Ugalde.



“Nicaragua's strategy is to alter the geography of Costa Rica so radically that any adjustment would become a gain for that country," added Sergio Ugalde.



Costa Rican Foreign Minister Manuel González said he was absolutely certain that Nicaragua's legal arguments would be dismissed by the court.



"We know that Nicaragua has always exaggerated in its positions to see if it can get anything. We have decided to present a balanced case based exclusively on international law and geographical reality," González added.



The second case has to do with the definitive delimitation of the land border in the sector of Isla Portillos, in the north of the country.

 According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, it is necessary to delimit that border to prevent Nicaragua from continuing to install military camps on its beach.



On December 2015, the International Court of Justice ruled that Costa Rica has sovereignty over Isla Portillos, however, last January Nicaragua refused to remove a military camp it had set up there a few months ago. 



Aside from those two cases, there is still a dispute between the two countries over the amount of economic compensation that Nicaragua will have to pay to Costa Rica for the invasion of the island.

Hearing will continue during the next two week.


Ankle bracelets show chinks in armor

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Over the last few days, some reports by the justice ministry show some parolees no longer want to be tracked on the monitoring system.

According to the Ministerio de Justicia y Paz, the ministry in charge of the monitoring system, three people in Purral de Goicoechea, Heredia and near the Panamanian border attempted to rip off their bracelet or leave the perimeter established by a judge in court.

A statement from the ministry allowed for officials to pinpoint their location and send an alert to police as well as issue an arrest warrant for violating the conditions of parole.

Currently, there are over 270 people in the system being tracked. The justice ministry quickly exonerated itself from imposing this bracelet and placed responsibility on the judiciary for imposing the sentence. The vast majority of wearers are on house arrest while wearing it while 39 have it as a precautionary measure.

The devices were put into full operation back in February and the justice ministry appears satisfied with the results as only a small percentage of wearers were put back into prison, it said. According to compiled data, only nine users were penalized for cutting the magnetic tape or leave their specified area.

Ankle bracelets are a normal form of parole and monitoring device pending someone’s day in court in countries such as the United States.

In Costa Rica, these bracelets are often given to persons on a form of conditional release, under house arrest and for those accused of domestic violence to ensure compliance with a court order. Those situations represent the few instances where the Ley de Mecanismos Electrónicos de Seguimiento en Materia Penal can be applied.

This law is mainly based on the individual ruling of a judge in court rather than a one-size-fits-all policy.


Marijuana
art
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo        
Marijuana substance hidden beneath the wood.

Drugs discovered in some paintings

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Drug police at Juan Santamaría international airport surprised an Italian national who was carrying two paintings stashed with marijuana Monday morning.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the 41-year old suspect was coming from Oaxaca, México, and heading toward Playa Montezuma. The paintings of flowers and gazelles were on what resembles a wooden plank for a canvas that is hollow on the inside, based on photos released by police.

The Policía Control de Drogas noticed that the hollow inside of the wooden canvas yielded a slimy-like substance, the police report said. The agents conducted a field test that checked out positive for marijuana and a canine unit confirmed police suspicions.

That slimy marijuana substance appears similar to the texture of tobacco used in hookahs, an instrument used for vaping or smoking that is passed through a water basin.

The suspect was immediately turned over to the criminal court in Alajuela and remains in preventive detention.


News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English






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A.M.
Costa Rica

Third News Page
U.S. Tax
Published || Tuesday Edition, July 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 131
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Fourth of July also celebrates 169 years of U.S.-Costa Rica relations
Special to A.M. Costa Rica by Conor Golden*

Fourth of July is business as usual for most in Costa Rica, but for U.S. expats it represents a time-honored tradition of family, friends, food and fireworks.

The American Colony Committee’s celebration today is among the most prominent for the U.S. expat community here in Costa Rica. That one runs from 4:30 to 7:00 p.m. at Avenida Escazú, he large shopping center adjacent to Hospital CIMA along the Caldera highway.

The group has hosted an annual Fourth of July event 57 years in the running, according to the colony’s own estimates. Many other communities with a large U.S. population outside of San José have their own smaller celebrations whether it is fireworks over the beaches or spending it at their Costa Rican residences. The Fourth has gone global as U.S. citizens venture abroad carrying their culture with them.

The United States began the process of recognizing Costa Rica’s independence from the Federal Republic of Central America when it notified the U.S. back in 1848. On April 24, 1849, Ephraim Squier, the U.S. Charge d’Affaires in Guatemala, was authorized to negotiate commercial and other matters with the country.

According to records from the U.S. State Dept., this constituted recognition of the country despite Squier never visiting the country and unable to reach any agreements with the Costa Rican foreign minister.

Diplomatic relations were more formally established when Felipe Molina presented his letters in Washington D.C. as the first Costa Rican representative to the United States in 1851. This led to the establishment of the first U.S. Consulate in the country in 1852 and the first minister from the United States appointed to the region was made in April 1853, the State Dept. records said.

The two countries did not actually establish formal embassies between each other until 1943 and 1944, respectively. Prior to this, they were simply sending delegations and legations between each other.

Presidents from both countries have visited with the first being the U.S. President Herbert Hoover in 1928 on a goodwill trip and Costa Rican President Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia in 1940.

Most of the two countries have shared friendly, cordial relations with each other, excluding two instances in history, that led to the strength of a burgeoning U.S. expatriate community to settle here.

Currently the State Dept. estimates, without taking into official count the number of perpetual tourists that dwell here, that 100,000 U.S. private citizens reside in the country. That number is juxtaposed with the more than million U.S. visitors to Costa Rica annually.

Suffice to say the history of Gringos in Costa Rica is a long one with formal business relationships going back to the first treaty signed between the two countries in 1851. That has morphed from the legacy of United Fruit Company and large-scale agricultural operations into the huge amount of money invested with U.S. dollars in the economy in terms of tourism and the Central American Free Trade Agreement.
JFK visit
JFK Presidential Library photo
John F. Kennedy on his 1963 visit to Costa Rica.

Calderon visit
Wikipedia photo                           
Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia during his 1940 visit to the U.S. The first of many for Costa Rican presidents.

According to the United States Trade Representative, Costa Rica is also the United States’ 32nd largest goods trading partner with $19.1 billion going both ways in 2013.

This has fostered an exchange of culture, ideas, history, geopolitics and Fourth of July celebrations shared between Ticos and Gringos alike. Fourth of July may be a celebration of U.S. formal independence from the British Empire but it is also a shared experience beloved by U.S. expats and their Costa Rican friends. Many Ticos also go out for the holiday as a result of their working in the call centers and sports books being consistently exposed to U.S. culture. It is also a good reason to throw a party as well.

So, happy Fourth to all my fellow U.S. citizens and anyone else out there celebrating it no matter the nationality!

Editor's Note: Conor Golden is the current News Editor for A.M. Costa Rica originally from Ohio, U.S. As could be gathered from the story, one of his passions in life is history.


CRUSA partners with other groups to help businesses diversify
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Costa Rica United States Foundation for Cooperation and the Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank have allowed more than 100 producers of the Central Pacific to diversify their projects and generate new value chains.

According to a statement from the Universidad de Costa Rica, the partnership is attempting to establish two baseline formulas to help papaya and honey producers turn a profit. The two partners, CRUSA and the bank, are teaming up with the university in an attempt to create this.

The project is attempting to unite the producers with entrepreneurs and public institutions. The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean is also supporting this work.

In total, six businesses are receiving technological and scientific training from the Universidad de Costa Rica, the Universidad Nacional and the Instituto Nacional del Aprendizaje.

The university said that the idea is to create a joint collaboration between developers and producers. Among those projects being utilized to add value include cosmetic and dermatological creams.

These are mainly supported by research centers within the Universidad de Costa Rica. Fruit juices, jellies and jam companies are also getting in on the action.
Noé Vargas
Universidad de Costa Rica photo    
Noé Vargas explains his natural cosmetic products.

One example that the university noted was the Cosméticos Monteverde, a small family business that began this year.  The company produces and markets an online, natural product for personal care.

“At Cosméticos Monteverde we will use different byproducts associated with papaya and hive products, which allow us to incorporate its properties and benefits into some personal care products,” Noé Vargas, the company’s manager, said.

“In the end, it is a matter of transferring knowledge one has for the purpose of collaborating in the development of our country,” Rosaura Romero Chacón, the director of the program said.


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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Tuesday Edition, July 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 131
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Extending language learning capability in adults possible, study says
By the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital press staff

Learning language or music is usually a breeze for children, but as even young adults know, that capacity declines dramatically with age. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have evidence from mice that restricting a key chemical messenger in the brain helps extend efficient auditory learning much later in life.

Researchers showed that limiting the supply or the function of the neuromodulator adenosine in a brain structure called the auditory thalamus preserved the ability of adult mice to learn from passive exposure to sound much as young children learn from the soundscape of their world. The study appeared last Friday in the journal “Science.”

“By disrupting adenosine signaling in the auditory thalamus, we have extended the window for auditory learning for the longest period yet reported, well into adulthood and far beyond the usual critical period in mice,” said corresponding author Dr. Stanislav Zakharenko, a member of the St. Jude Department of Developmental Neurobiology. “These results offer a promising strategy to extend the same window in humans to acquire language or musical ability by restoring plasticity in critical regions of the brain, possibly by developing drugs that selectively block adenosine activity.”

The auditory thalamus is the brain’s relay station where sound is collected and sent to the auditory cortex for processing. The auditory thalamus and cortex rely on the neurotransmitter glutamate to communicate. Adenosine was known to reduce glutamate levels by inhibiting this neurotransmitter’s release. This study also linked adenosine inhibition to reduced brain plasticity and the end of efficient auditory learning.

Researchers used a variety of methods to demonstrate that reducing adenosine or blocking the A1 adenosine receptor that is essential to the chemical messenger’s function changed how adult mice responded to sound.

An A1 adenosine receptor is a neurological chemical in the brain that slows metabolic activity, including understanding a sound, through a combination of actions. Blocking it could improve brain function in picking up or being more receptive to auditory learning.

Much as young children pick up language simply by hearing it spoken, researchers showed that when adenosine was reduced or the A1 receptor blocked in the auditory thalamus, adult mice passively exposed to a tone responded to the same tone stronger when it was played weeks or months later.
Lab
researchers
St. Jude Children's Hospital photo    
Researchers examine the neural changes in mice.

These adult mice also gained an ability to distinguish between very close tones or tones with similar frequencies. Mice usually lack this perfect pitch ability.

Researchers also showed that the experimental mice retained the improved tone discrimination for weeks.

“Taken together, the results demonstrated that the window for effective auditory learning re-opened in the mice and that they retained the information,” Zakharenko said.

Among the strategies researchers used to inhibit adenosine activity was the experimental compound FR194921, which selectively blocks the A1 receptor. If paired with sound exposure, the compound rejuvenated auditory learning in adult mice.

“That suggests it might be possible to extend the window in humans by targeting the A1 receptor for drug development,” Dr. Zakharenko said.

Dr. Zakharenko and his colleagues also linked the age-related decline in ease of auditory learning to an age-related increase in an enzyme involved in adenosine production in the auditory thalamus.

Researchers reported that mature mice had higher levels than newborn mice of the enzyme and adenosine in the auditory thalamus.

Deletion of this enzyme returned the adenosine level in adult mice to the level of newborn mice.

Therefore, researchers are currently looking for compounds that target ecto-5’-nucleotidase as an alternative approach for extending the window of auditory learning.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


Live in Costa Rica tours

  • Costa Rica’s #1 source for relocation since 1980
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All tours led by Christopher Howard
Costa Rica’s most read relocation author
See www.liveincostarica.com for details and itineraries
9168-3/17/17


Hidden Garden
Visit the Largest Gallery in Costa Rica
Featuring artistic expressions of Costa Rican culture, heritage and traditions, the Hidden Garden Art Gallery has been your source for fine art since 2010.  Here you will find 15 large rooms of art in a beautiful, tranquil setting, with more than 60 artists showcasing traditional and contemporary paintings, sculpture, photography and giclee prints.  Located just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport (LIR) towards the beaches. Stop in for a visit to enjoy the view!

Visit our Web site at:  www.HiddenGardenArt.com
Contact us by email: info@HiddenGardenArt.com
Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
Moon Travel Guides & Frommer's

Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.
9214-8/2/17


George Lundquist header

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
HERE!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email : lundquistgeorge@gmail.com
9113-7/4/17

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

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CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
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Web:  www.travelinparadisecr.com
8995-4/17/17

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Household Furnishings

Fine
Furniture of Sarchi

Fine Furniture of Sarchi - Sarchi, Costa Rica
All our handcrafted products are made in Sarchi with pride and quality by artisans who are dedicated to designing, crafting, and delivering our furniture to you. Please visit our website and send us a picture and specifications of what YOU like, or just send us pictures from anywhere you wish. We will quote you right back with a more than competitive price and an on-time delivery date. Delivery and set up available throughout Costa Rica. We have different Costa Rican woods from which you may choose. 
www.FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
Contact information:
Adolfo's Cell 506-8831-4306
 Tom in the USA 803-261-6000
Email: Info@FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
9218-8/25/17

U.S. Income Tax Services (paid category)

Tax Time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
 
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so.  However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.  Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.


If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

You can file current or past due FBARs without payment to meet IRS requirements.

If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

Over 20 years in Costa Rica.
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Phone 506-2290-3060
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rentals (paid category)

Tropical Homes logo
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
9055-2/23/17


Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
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9049-7/31/17


Real estate-related services (paid category)

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9118-6/26/17


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Free Ebook: How To Import to Costa Rica HERE!
Shipping Costa Rica





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Salsa Lizano
Published || Tuesday Edition, July 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 131
Calendar
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Food
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U.S. police prepare to secure
cities during July 4th events


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

As cities across the United States prepare to commemorate the anniversary of the country's independence, local law enforcement and federal officials are working together to ensure the celebrations remain safe.

More than three million people are expected to watch the nation's largest fireworks show Tuesday in New York City. Though the New York Police Department has found no credible threat of an attack during the festivities, Mayor Bill de Blasio said counterterrorism and other well-armed police officers will be deployed.

Washington, D.C. is also expecting hundreds of thousands of people to attend holiday events, including fireworks and a concert at the Capitol. D.C. Police Chief Peter Newsham said last week there are no threats to the festivities, but police will have full deployment.

A day before the scheduled events, police barricades lined the national mall and security checkpoints have been set up.

Police in Boston have also said they will have a heavy presence on the holiday, though there is no known security threat.

Local law enforcement, coordinating with the FBI, will use a drone to monitor crowds and activities during the Boston Pops Fireworks Spectacular, a show on the Charles River expected to draw as many as 500,000 spectators.

Police used the drone to monitor crowds at the Boston Marathon earlier this year.


Appeals court rules against
EPA on methane gas rules


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A U.S. federal appeals court ruled Monday that Environmental Protection Agency chief Scott Pruitt lacks the authority to suspend rules that oil and gas companies monitor and fix methane gas leaks.

Two of the three judges on the panel wrote that an order delaying such a rule is the same thing as revoking it.

Pruitt said in April he wanted to put its enforcement on hold for 90 days, later saying he wanted to extend it for two years.

He argued that oil and gas companies are already monitoring methane leaks and that the federal regulations would make some wells unprofitable.

Several environmental groups sued to stop Pruitt.

This ruling slams the brakes on the Trump administration's brazen efforts to put the interests of corporate polluters ahead of protecting the public and the environment, National Resources Defense Council official David Doniger said. This was one of the groups that sued to stop the EPA.

An EPA spokeswoman said the agency is studying the court decision and had no other comment.

Methane emanating from natural gas production is a major contributor to global warming.

This is the first court decision to go against Trump administration efforts to overturn or block rules and executive orders it believes are unfair to the fossil fuel industry.

Pruitt has joined the White House in arguing that tough regulations hurt industry and jobs as the U.S. strives to become more energy independent. This is an effort it says that must include oil, gas and coal production, along with renewable resources.

Environmentalists say overturning such rules gives industry a blank check to ignore laws protecting the air and streams from pollution.


Renewable energy surges,
but fossil fuel still dominates


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Renewables are a fast-growing part of the energy that powers the United States, but a government report shows fossil fuels still provide energy for most of the economy.

The Energy Information Administration says petroleum, natural gas, and coal provided 81 percent of the energy for the world's largest economy in 2016.

That is lowest rate of U.S. fossil fuel use in a century, and the change is partly due to a major fall in coal usage to generate electricity. In many cases, coal has been replaced by less-polluting natural gas or zero-emission technologies like solar and wind generation.

An earlier EIA report says renewable energy sources account for most of the new electric generating capacity, with perhaps 24 gigawatts added in the United States during 2016.

In the meantime, markets are pondering efforts by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to limit output and boost prices. The oil price is down around 14 percent this year due to output from the United States, Nigeria, Libya and some other nations.


"Thank you
tobacco"
Voice of America photo          
Group holding "Thank you Tobacco" sign.

Smokers’ rights advocates
resist tobacco regulation

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

If you smoke in Indonesia, and chances are high that you do, as the country is on track to have the world’s highest smoking rate within the next decade, you’re likely a fan of kreteks, the clove cigarettes that are omnipresent in the island nation. Named after the crackling sound that cloves make as you smoke them, kreteks account for as much as 90 percent of all cigarette consumption in Indonesia.

They were invented in the 19th century, are reputed to have medicinal properties, and are deeply embedded in local culture. A smokers’ rights advocacy group based in Java called Komunitas Kretek, or Kretek Community, uses this premise to oppose anti-tobacco legislation on cultural grounds. Their arguments illuminate the difficulties of public health efforts to curb smoking in Indonesia.

Kretek Community was created in 2010 in Jember, East Java by Aditia Purnomo, an entrepreneur raised in the Jakarta suburbs, who started smoking in high school. Their tagline is kretek bukan rokok, or "kreteks are not cigarettes." There are about 200 active members, Purnomo said, but it’s largely an informal group that works in seven provinces today. They campaign on social media, host discussion groups, and lobby cafes that ban smoking to change their rules. Smoking is often permitted in Indonesian public spaces, but some higher-end restaurants and cafes, and malls, have banned on-site smoking in recent years.

On social media, they post around campaigns like #harikretek2016, or “Kretek Day 2016,” circulating content like a photo of the first Indonesian president Sukarno smoking kreteks. One blog on their website argues that kreteks are less addictive than cigarettes because of the ease with which people give them up for the fasting month of Ramadan.

Kreteks contain nicotine and there is no evidence that they are less addictive than unflavored cigarettes. In fact, the nicotine content of cigarettes sold in developing countries can be three to six times higher than those in developed regions, according to Fadjar Wibowo, a doctor and tobacco control advocate at the Center for Indonesia's Strategic Development Initiative.

But every consumer good has a risk factor for certain diseases, said Aditia. “Kreteks are a part of people’s lives here,” he said. “It is present in our society’s customs, from communal slametan feasts to weddings.”

Kreteks take the form of both hand-rolled clove cigarettes and kretek-flavored or clove-infused pre-packaged cigarettes from companies like Djarum and Avolution.

An estimated 70 million out of 260 million Indonesians smoke, the fourth highest prevalence in the world. Compared to the countries that currently surpass it — China, Russia, and the United States — Indonesia has many fewer regulations in place. China, for instance, signed the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2006. Indonesia has long refused to do the same.

“To ratify, it is late already; administratively impossible,” said Fadjar. “Out of 192 countries we are among the very few who have not signed it.”

As it stands, a bill proposed last month could even open the floodgates for tobacco advertising aimed at kids and teens.

In 2010, Indonesia’s two-year-old smoking baby became a YouTube sensation for his two-pack-a-day habit. As sensational as that video was, the boy, Aldi Rizal, was a potent symbol of how pervasive smoking is across Indonesia. Aldi, the Sydney Morning Herald recently reported, has since quit the habit.

It is estimated that there are 200,000 tobacco-related deaths in Indonesia every year.

Kretek Community is not alone in channeling a sentimental attachment to clove cigarettes. In 2014, a film called "Those Who Surpass Time" was made, with an accompanying book, to document elderly Indonesian smokers across Java, Bali, and Lombok who were still supposedly healthy despite a lifelong kretek habit.

The cultural aspects of kreteks can end up as powerful ammunition for the tobacco industry, said Fadjar. "Including kretek in our 'history' constitutes subliminal advertising, by which advertisers wish to influence the emotion-based decision-making process of youth," he said.

So even if political will consolidates around fighting tobacco, they will have to seriously account for the country’s smoking culture. As Aditia says, more than a few Indonesians’ lives revolve around kreteks. “Living from kretek, by kretek, and for kretek.”


Trump, Pope offer help
for dying British infant


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Donald Trump has joined Pope Francis in offering any help they can for a terminally ill British infant.

Trump said in a Twitter comment Monday that if there was anything he could do for Charlie Gard, the 10-month-old child with a rare genetic disease, "we would be delighted to do so."

The baby's parents, Chris Gard and Connie Yates, have lost European court decisions to doctors who want to take the baby off life support at a London hospital after reaching the conclusion that he has no chance of survival.

The parents, refusing to accept the medical prognosis, have unsuccessfully sought to reclaim their child from the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in an effort to take their baby to the United States for an experimental treatment. The hospital and the parents late last week said the child will be given more time before life support is withdrawn.

The infant, born last August, has mitochrondrial DNA depletion syndrome. The disease, caused by a genetic mutation, leads to weakened muscles and organ dysfunction. He is unable to breathe unaided.

The Vatican said Sunday, "The Holy Father is following with affection and emotion the situation of little Charlie Gard and expresses his closeness to his parents. He is praying for them, in the hope that their desire to accompany and care for their own child until the end will be respected."


Suspect detained on plans
to attack Macron on July 14


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A 23-year-old man describing himself as a nationalist has been placed under investigation over a plan to attack French President Emmanuel Macron at this year's July 14 Bastille Day parade, a police source said on Monday.

The man was arrested after expressing an interest, in a video game chatroom, in acquiring a Kalashnikov-style weapon in order to commit an attack, the source said, confirming a report on French radio station RMC.

During his detention, the suspect described himself as a nationalist and made offensive comments about blacks, Arabs, Jews and homosexuals, the source said.

RMC radio said the suspect was unemployed, had mental health problems and was sentenced in 2016 for making comments in favor of terrorism.

Security at this year's Bastille Day parade on the Champs Elysees is likely to be even tighter than usual given the expected presence of U.S. President Donald Trump.


Missile
firing
North Korean state TV photo       
Test launching of missile released May 30.

North Korea fires missile,
South Korea military says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

South Korea's military says North Korea has launched another ballistic missile Tuesday morning.

It wasn't immediately clear if this was a routine firing of a short-range missile or an attempt to perfect North Korea's longer-range missiles.

North Korea has accelerated its weapons testing program in defiance of United Nations sanctions as it seeks to develop a device that can deliver a nuclear warhead to North America. It has said it is "not far away" from test-firing an intercontinental ballistic missile with the potential of hitting the U.S. mainland.

U.S. President Donald Trump has said all options including military force are available to combat threats from North Korea.

Civilian casualties rising
as Raqqa faces hard choices


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A sustained jump in reported civilian deaths from U.S.-led coalition airstrikes since the start of the year, when campaigns to capture Raqqa and Mosul from the Islamic State, started to escalate, is prompting mounting alarm from Syrian opposition and international rights groups.

Syrian political activists blame U.S.-led coalition airstrikes for the deaths of 370 civilians, more than 100 of them women and children, last month in Syria. That's half of the 740 civilian deaths that activists say they have documented across the war-torn country.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a London-based watchdog group that relies on a network of activists in Syria, reported Monday that 11 civilians from two families, including four women, were killed in bombing runs by coalition warplanes in Raqqa.

About 95 percent of anti-IS coalition airstrikes are carried out by U.S. warplanes, according to a rally.

U.N. officials have expressed alarm about what they term the staggering numbers of civilians killed in airstrikes by coalition jets against IS. U.S. commanders are seeking to give allies, the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, a competitive edge over an estimated 3,000 to 4,000 mainly foreign fighters mounting a fierce resistance in Raqqa, the de facto capital of the terror group's self-proclaimed caliphate.

Most of the terror group's leaders are thought to have fled south of the besieged city or further east to towns on the Syrian-Iraq border.

The U.N. human rights chief called in May for coalition air forces to take greater care to distinguish legitimate military targets from civilians in Syria. "The same civilians who are suffering indiscriminate shelling and summary executions by ISIL are also falling victim to the escalating airstrikes, particularly in the northeastern governorates of Al-Raqqa and Deir ez-Zor," Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said.

But since his remarks, civilian deaths have risen. U.S. commanders say they are taking all the precautions they can to protect civilians from direct bombardment. In a reversal of policy, they are recently more ready to acknowledge civilian casualties, but say with IS forces mixing in with non-combatants and fighting in populated areas of Raqqa and the Iraqi city of Mosul, it is virtually impossible to avoid some civilians casualties.

They blame IS for using civilians as human shields.

They dismiss claims the jump in civilian deaths is the result of any change in the rules of engagement by the Trump administration, saying there has been no change.

On June 2, the United States Central Command, or Centcom, the military command responsible for the Middle East, issued a statement saying, "At least 484 civilians have been unintentionally killed by coalition strikes." Four months earlier, Centcom had said at least 199 civilians had been killed in the coalition bombing campaign.

Independent monitors put civilian casualties much higher.

Airwars, a watchdog group, estimates coalition airstrikes have killed between 4,118 to 6,360 civilians in Syria and Iraq since August 2014. Activists estimate Russian airstrikes have killed about 5,300 Syrian civilians in the 21 months since Moscow intervened to prop up the regime of its ally Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Sunday, another watchdog, the Syrian Network for Human Rights, whose statistics are often used by the United Nations, said in June it found international coalition forces continue to be a prominent party in killing civilians in Syria responsible for the killing of 32 percent of the total number of civilian victims, only surpassed by Syrian regime forces. The deaths were concentrated in the eastern region of Syria in general and in Raqqa province, it said.

Some analysts fault the Pentagon for not deploying enough investigators to probe airstrikes and offer assessments. Last month, the Pentagon increased the number of airstrike investigators from two to seven, still an insufficient number, critics say.

For civilians, death in Raqqa comes in many forms. Thousands of civilians have managed to flee Raqqa and they say IS militants slaughter civilians seeking to escape, much as they have been doing in Mosul, Iraq.

The group Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently says civilians are being placed in a desperate and impossible position.

On Sunday, the group reported that landmines planted by IS claim the lives of two or three fleeing civilians daily along smugglers' routes.

In the city and outlying villages, an estimated 100,000 civilians have no access to drinking water in their homes and have to go to the Euphrates River to collect water, where they risk being shot or bombed. Food is also in short supply, especially in the past few days as Kurdish forces have encircled Raqqa.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Beautiful Home and Land for Sale

Atenas home
Atenas Best climate, best views. Top of the mountain, Nestled on a two acre coffee farm with tropical gardens and fruit trees. 1200 meters. 

This home has 3 bedrooms and 3 baths with outdoor bathtub in master bedroom, Solar hot water, well, pool, indoor courtyard with fountains, living room has a fireplace. All rooms have outside sitting areas.

Private and secluded, cannot be seen from the road.
SANCTUARY OF PEACE!!! Price $750k call for viewing. phone 506-8831-8086  Email kentandlee@outlook.com
9236-7/19/2017


Costa Rica
Penthouse

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
9132-6/1/17


Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
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Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
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Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
9189-9/2/17


San Ramon home
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  (please link that email)
Check out slide show HERE!
9220-8/15/17


Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

A-1 graphic
A1 MASTER BUILDERS COSTA RICA
SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
Call us: Toll Free 877-778-8515   
     Text from US: 804-313-6382 
     CR phone: 506-8307-0164
     Email: hotelescazu@aol.com
     For more info also see our sites:
    www.a1masterbuildercostarica.webs.com
    www.hotelsescazu.com
    www.hotel4salecostarica.com
    www.wind-solar.webs.com 
9142-7/27/17
Related

Costa Rica
Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

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A.M.
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Published || Tuesday Edition, July 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 131
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News from the BBC up to the minute


BBC newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Police clean up park
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo      
Border police and young helpers pose in cleaned playground.

Border police give back to community

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

This past weekend a group of border police officers were conducting a routine patrol in the Palma Real neighborhood in Ciudad Neilly. They did not see any illegal activity while on patrol, apparently, but they did notice that the local kids did not have a place to play.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the community playground was completely overgrown with tall grass and weeds. The Policía de Fronteras officers took off their sidearms and decided to give the kids their playground back. Using machetes, rakes and even a chainsaw, they helped clear out and clean the playground so that the kids could play again.

When they began their work, however, some kids started to arrive not just to stand and watch but also to help out as well, police said. The officers who carried out this work said that this was among their favorite missions to complete as the smiles and happy faces on the kids were all around.


Municipality improving water system

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Santo Domingo municipality will invest about 920 million colones to improve the water storage system and to buy the machinery necessary to maintain the infrastructure, according to a statement from the Instituto de Fomento y Asesoría Municipal.

The impetus for improving the municipality’s water system came after recurring problems of shortages during the dry season particularly in the eastern areas of the canton. Those areas are mainly supplied from surface sources and see water flow decrease to 90 percent between January and June, the institute said.

One of the innovative aspects of this investment is the design and implementation of software under the Supervision, Control and Data Acquisition, or SCADA system, to allow management of certain processes in the water supply.

“This is a system that is used to monitor the different elements of an aqueduct, for example production sources, pressure in pipes, levels in storage tanks, distribution network and can detect leaks or any imbalance in the system,” Edmundo Albellán, the head of the institute’s municipal strengthening division, said.

The machinery being purchased is mainly in relation for maintenance, pipe repair and service installation. These include a jackhammer, asphalt cutter, lights, excavator, compactor, pickup truck and six-ton truck.

The municipal council back in mid-June approved the financing provided by the institute unanimously.




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From page 7:

Costa Rica leads consumer protection forum

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

For the first time, Costa Rica is presiding over the Forum of Inter-government Experts Group on Law and Consumer Protection Policies, a program affiliated to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.



The event finishes today. According to the Ministerio de Economía, Industría y Comercio, the country was chosen due to its engagement in improving the consumer protection practices, as well as the heathy competition in an open market.



"This reflects the important steps we have taken in the legitimate defense of the interests of consumers," said Geannina Dinarte, the economic minister said.



According to Ms. Dinarte, the decisions made at the forum are a valuable set of principles
by which countries may establish consumer protection laws, build better protection and compensation systems that work efficiently when consumers are hurt on their rights. 


"In addition, some experts outline alternative methods to ensure compensations from manufacturers  and service providers who do not deliver what's expected," the minister added. "We'll also discuss issues related to vulnerable consumers, for example, the elderly."



According to Ms.Dinarte, Costa Rica's designation as a forum leader is positive step towards the country admittance into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.