A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
(506) 2223-1327
Published Thursday Edition
June 8, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 113
Email us
Real Estate
About us

Tecnológico de Costa Rica graphic
Software's 3D imagery shows scale of country's earthquake activity.
Software offers 3D tracking of earthquake activity
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

With three years of research and over 12 million colons invested in the project, Tecnológico de Costa Rica gave to the volcano and earthquake observatory the first software developed to visualize earthquakes in 3-D.

The tool is unique, researchers said, and is designed specifically for Costa Rica by Costa Rican researchers. The delivery to the Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica made the country one of the leading nations to have software of this type, the institute said.

The project’s main objective was to provide a 3-D analysis of where earthquakes and other seismic events occur and how tectonic plates in the country converge.

Researchers said that, until they had created the software, the location and origin of earthquakes along with the tectonic plates could not be determined in 2-D. The initiative is based on seismic data collected over the last thirty years by the observatory. It includes geographical data from the Centro Nacional de Alta Tecnología.
The Centro works in collaboration with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
“We created software that provides the complete information of 112,413 earthquakes in three dimensions that occurred in Costa Rica between 1984 and 2016,” Franklin Hernández, a technology institute professor and designer of the software, said.

“This means that, for the first time in history, Costa Rican seismologists and scientists will be able to see, in three dimensions and from any angle, the dynamics between earthquakes.”

"We had never before had a tool with which we could rotate a large amount of earthquake at the same time,” said Marino Protti, a seismologist.

“There were other applications where we could load a part of the database and do rotations, but it was very very slow."

With the software developed, the institute raises the base and dates and at the same time have a very fast rotation, Protti said.

One of the next projects is to create software that will allow Costa Rican scientists to know in 3-D the volcanic activity and movement of the coastline in the last 30 years. It also wants to see the visualization of winds and precipitation, Tecnológico said.

Mutiny festering in municipality over demolitions
By Rommel Téllez
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A political conflict is growing stronger between the Municipalidad de Carrillo and some members of its municipal council over the lack of information for future demolitions taking place in the canton.

According to Carlos Chanto, vice-president of the council, the mayor and other administrative staff from the municipality have failed to comply with a council resolution that demands a list of properties currently facing demolitions for not having the proper permits.

According to documents sent by Chanto to A.M. Costa Rica: on May 9, the municipal council requested “a detailed report of the list of people and companies with pending demolition processes and the report should also show the execution of the administrative processes.”

On May 23, Mayor Carlos Cantillo send the letter, MC-ALC-476-2017, to Mauren Brenes, chief of the Departamento Territorial, where he requested the report to be issued and transferred to him before its delivery to the council.

However, Chanto says the request was neglected and the report was never sent, which forces him to file a Recurso de Amparo before the constitutional chamber of the supreme court.

A Recurso de Amparo is the legal figure to request public information that’s been withheld  unreasonably by public officers for more than a reasonable period of time.

Usually, that reasonable period is 10 working days but it may vary on a case-by-case basis.

Demolitions started taking place at the beginning of May on properties who apparently missed the proper construction permits. The first properties to be taken down were pools and little shacks.

Nevertheless, owners complained and said the measure was unfair, since those permits were not required in the past.

At the time, Nelson Cascante, legal director of the municipality said enough time was already given to people.

A.M. Costa Rica has also made several requests before the legal department to know what properties might be facing demolition, however Cascante and Cantillo have not responded to requests for comment or report.

“This is a terrible thing for investor sand for the reputation of the country,” said Chanto.

“Some people have approached the municipality to know what’s going on and they also get the silence treatment. This really hurts the image of Guanacaste as an investment destination.”

Search this site
index sitemap advanced


New Palermo ad
 Residency in Costa Ricas
HOtel and resstaurant directory
exchange rate
our site
Real estate

and servics
ad info
ad info


Newsfeed link

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

 Page Two is HERE!   Page Three is HERE!  Page Four is HERE!
Page Five is HERE!    Page Six is HERE! and Page 7 is HERE!
Classifieds are HERE! Real estate is HERE!   Useful Links!


What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Thursday Edition, June 8, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 113
Real Estate
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
U.S. Income Tax

U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year.  Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!

  If tax payment is a holding you back, the IRS have options that can solve payment problems.  If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties. Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems.  
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion. File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements. File your current or amended returns.

Over 10 years in Costa Rica.
Competitive rates.

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
New World Meditation

Legal Services

American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
* Litigation. 
* Immigration: Temporary/Permanent Residency, Investor/Retiree Status, Work permits 
* Naturalization
* Real Estate
* Notary Services
* Collections and Foreclosures 
* Wills and Testaments, Probates 
* Free Zone Regime 
* Legal fees calculated by CR s Bar of Lawyers

Our Business/Construction Unit
will be glad to assist you on:
* How to start a business in CR
* How to import/export to CR: Sanitary, registration Certificates, free sales certificates, logistics
*Constructions projects: Municipal permits, contracts, due diligence to buy / build your home or project in CR. 

Contact Info:
Phone:​(506) 2239-4883 
Email: ​
Web: ​
*Offices conveniently located in Rohrmoser and Belén-Heredia / Costa Rica

Gerwerter graphic


I.R.S. Criminal and Civil Issues

Consult with a U.S. licensed Tax Attorney in Costa Rica concerning your I.R.S. Issues

Tax Fraud Investigation or Prosecution:
  * Hiding income in secret, offshore accounts
  * Investing in or promoting bogus tax shelters
  * Failing to report or hiding income

I.R.S. Criminal Investigations, including non-filing of tax returns, tax evasion, filing false income tax returns, money laundering, currency reporting requirements, offshore banking reporting requirements, false statements, and false offer in compromise submissions.

Confidential and Privileged Communication
Former University Lecturer and I.R.S. Lecturer
Harold P. Gewerter, Esq., Ltd., J.D., M.S.
USA phone: (702) 375-9471
CR phone: (506) 6042-7116

Associated with Carballo y Carballo, Abogados
in Costa Rica


Adrian Fernandez
Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
Notary services and registrations. Collections and foreclosures. Real estate and litigation. Corporate Law. Immigration. Estate planning wills and testaments, probate.

I provide the highest professional standards. Official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.

 Call me for advice
    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
    Law Office is conveniently located near  Mall San Pedro, 350 meters south  from the Hyundai dealer, Los Yoses, San José.

Real estate agents and services

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR


Services rollover
Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
Where Science and Art meet!

Give yourself a bright and healthy smile.  Our professional practice is geared to exceptional quality in all procedures.   We are dedicated to technical perfection using cutting-edge technology.     

* DENTAL IMPLANTS:  One of the most successful ways to replace missing teeth.  Improve your quality of life, enjoy social activities with a beautiful natural smile.   Learn more HERE! 

* FULL MOUTH RESTORATION. We are experts and have specialized training of integral science going beyond the architectural design of the patient's desired smile.  HERE!  

* PORCELAIN VENEERS. achieve wonderful results to aesthetic goals for worn down, chipped, broken, discolored, uneven teeth and gaps between them. HERE! 

* PORTFOLIO please browse for information about our work.  HERE!
Contact us:
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cell: +506-8302-5877

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José. Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520  or ( 506) 2233-2455
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts


A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
    Marriage/Relation (Vinculo): For those married to or related to a Costa Rican citizen.

Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience.
Javier Zavaleta
Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )



U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica
U.S. Tax
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
Web page:

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $102,100 for 2017).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FATCA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.
Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Paintings    Sculptures    Murals 
Porcelain and ceramic restoration
  Works on paper restoration
Carmichael   Conservation Curatorial  services
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
  Authenticity evaluation
  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please contact Jessica Steward at 8388-5328 or 8621 9287 email HERE!

Caja president forced to resign position

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Wednesday afternoon, María Saénz resigned as the president of the executive board of the Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social after getting an order to do so by President Luis Guillermo Solís.

Her resignation takes place the very same week that major union leaders called for her resignation. Ms. Saénz has openly supported an increase in the contribution percentage workers affiliated to the Caja must pay as of July 2017.

On a brief press conference, the now-former director explained that political reasons rather than technical ones forced her out of the post and there is nothing she could do about it.

“I’m leaving proud of my work and my attempt to improve the finances of the institutions. I believe that increasing the worker’s contribution to social security is a must in order to save our pensions regime,” she said.

On June 1, the Junta Directiva of the Caja approved a one percent increase in the deductions workers have to pay to the pensions regime. The first 0.5 percent increase would take place in July and the second one would be effective as of Jan. 2018.

That decision was criticized by the president himself as well worker’s and employer’s unions. They all agreed that further dialogue was required to reach a consensual agreement.

Unions started calling for the resignation on Monday, while announcing a general strike if she didn’t leave and the decision of the hike in contributions was halted.

Her post will be filled by Fernando Llorca, the minister of health as of yesterday. Consequently, the Ministerio de Salud will be temporarily headed by its vice-minister, María Esther Anchía.

Historic landmark will not be ruined

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The cultural ministry and historical conservation institute issued a stinging rebuke towards earlier reports that the Gran Hotel Costa Rica was being refurbished in a way that compromised the building’s cultural and historical value.

According to a joint statement issued by the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud as well as the Centro de Investigación y Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural, the project has been given the approval many times over for refurbishment. The images that were circulating in media outlets and social networks did not correspond to the plans approved by Patrimonial or cultural ministry officials.

Moreover, Patrimonial inspectors have been visiting the site on a weekly basis and maintain the right to suspend the project in case developers are violating the confines of the agreement.

The façade on the east and north sides is expected to become a grey color rather than black and white, the ministry said. The construction of a fifth floor on the building was authorized and that clearly is a new change as the original building constructed in 1930. It is not, the cultural ministry said, a brand new part of the building. The last remodeling completed 30 years ago included the fifth floor and even then did not correspond to the original fabric of the hotel.

The inspectors did order, however, that the owners restore the original flooring and the old terrace, keep all the original mosaics at all levels of the building excluding the carpeting, preserve the room where U.S. President Kennedy stayed in his visit here in 1963 and keep the windows and their style throughout the building.

The hotel closed for a complete overhaul and refurbishment back in 2016. It is located in a prime spot next to the Teatro Nacional and is a prominent heritage site for the capital San José.

power line
Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad photo     
Damaged power lines are leaving some without power.

ICE trying to restore power after storms

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Nearly 31,500 customers experienced some problems with electrical services due to the strong winds and rainy conditions that pummeled the Pacific zone these past few days.

The Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad confirmed that it was sending its technicians to deal with the damage in places where it is accessible and try to go to the areas that were cut off due to weather conditions.

Since Wednesday morning, reports have flooded the institute of fallen trees, broken poles and downed power lines affecting more than 31,500 customers in the Pacific zone, parts of Guanacaste and on Isla Chira. These include customers in: Punta Leona, Quepos, Parque Nacional Manuel Antonio, Parrita, Nosara and Sámara.

Residents on Isla Chira may have to wait a little longer to get power restored as the institute announced its crews may face particularly difficult weather conditions preventing them from making it to the island.

Trans bill seeks to allow name change

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A bill that seeks to provide the transgender population of Costa Rica the right to change their name is now closer toward approval, after it was okayed Tuesday morning by the legislature’s commission on human rights.

The bill has been discussed under file number 19,841 and now has to be scheduled for further discussion before the full assembly of 57 legislators.

It seeks the recognition and protection of self-perceived gender identity as well as the protection of the individuality and privacy of transgender applicants.

"This bill is based on the recommendations provided by the European Commission on Human Rights,” said Marcela Guerrero, a legislator with Partido Acción Ciudana. “It includes our own legislation on the protection of fundamental rights related to gender and the identity of individuals.”

Ms. Guerrero explained that any change in the name will not eliminate or modify the responsibilities a person had under their prior name, rather, the Cédula number will be the primary means to verify the identity and obligations of the persons

The legal proposal defines the concepts of gender identity, registration gender, sexual identity and image of the person. The latter is considered the way in which the applicant is presented to other people and is used to define a personality.

According to a study carried out in 2012 by the non-for-profit organization Mulabi, the Costa Rican public system has not yet developed specific programs for minorities.

 The report says that big institutions such as Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social and the Ministerio de Salud focus on developing strategies for a homogeneous population that does not exist.

Country places eighth in study abroad

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

According to a new report conducted by Opendoors, Costa Rica was ranked in eighth place out of all the countries in the world that university students from the United States chose the country as a destination for education or study abroad.

That figure represents nearly three percent of the entire university student body in the U.S., according to the Promotora del Comercio Exterior. Costa Rica provided a diverse array of options for students, the report said. This included: short courses on languages, careers, research, professional practices and volunteering opportunities.

This was equally highlighted by the country’s recent participation in the NAFSA fair. Representatives from Costa Rican universities scoured the area and signed agreements at the recent fair for international educators this past week.

The National Association for Foreign Student Advisers, or NAFSA, fair is considered the most important event in the higher education sector for the Americas, according to a statement issued by the Promotora de Comercio Exterior. It attracts over 13,000 professionals from the education sector representing over 400 institutions of higher learning.

During the event, two Costa Rican universities signed agreements with international schools, while others obtained funding and networked to promote international education.

The number of U.S. students grew 156 percent since 2001 when just 4,000 students came in to the country on an education-affiliated program. For Marta Esquivel, the director of commercial intelligence at PROCOMER, the international expansion of Costa Rican educational services will depend on its ability to plan a robust student assistance platform and to further promote itself abroad.

“We must also work on a definition of the joint vision, which seeks a process of comprehensive training of students, whether through formal, non-formal and informal education, more cultural immersion and attention to non-academic needs,” she said.

News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

Costa Rica Report newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica
(Text version is HERE!)

Top story newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
From our retirement guide

Retirement tips newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Retire NOW promot

Page One is HERE!  Go to Page 3 HERE!  Go to Page 4 HERE!    
Go to Page 5 HERE! 
    Go to Page 6 HERE!   Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE!   
Plus useful links
Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.  Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Costa Rica

Third News Page
U.S. Tax
Published || Thursday Edition, June 8, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Free wifi on some public transport due to an unemployed IT guy
By Rommel Téllez of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

More than 200 bus lines across the country decided to make the their passenger’s trips more comfortable despite the long distances stuck in traffic by offering free wifi internet access and Juan Carlos Gutiérrez is the man responsible for that.

A former information technician, Gutiérrez noticed that Costa Ricans did not have access to high speed internet connections while riding the bus, as it already happened in other countries.

Having a lot of time in his hands due to unemployment, he approached the Arnoldo Ocampo bus line in Heredia and offered them an added value for their customers: the possibility of staying connected to the web.

The company agreed to the idea and he was able to kick off his project with Heredian passengers as his first customers. The partnership with that bus line allowed him to test his idea on several sub lines of the same company. It was a success.

“I started this project back in November 2015 and I was the first one.” said a proud Gutiérrez.

“Today I provide the service to at least 100,000 passengers a month and I am expanding to malls and other popular sites.”

His business model is simple. By providing a five megabytes per second internet connection through a router, passengers access the web on one only requirement: to watch a brief advertising video and that’s it.

“For advertisers, this is a new paradigm on how publicity is delivered, tracked and evaluated,” explained Gutiérrez.

“The system is versatile enough to show some passengers a certain type of publicity and a different one to others, based on their gender, age, destination and other criteria set by the clients."

Juan Carlos Gutiérrez
Juan Carlos Gutiérrez courtesy photo
November 2015 photo of Gutiérrez on the first bus offering free wifi.

According to Gutiérrez, advertisers have the chance to better spend their budgets, because the system provides very specific feedback as to how many people clicked the ads, for how long they watched the adds and what they did after. In a nutshell, the same benefits of conventional digital marketing.

For users, the system is safe enough to comply with their social needs, such as checking emails, sending instant messages or updating their networks. However, since it is a public wireless connection, it is better to avoid any type of activity that implies sending information over the web, according to Alonso Castro, director of the Information Technology Center at Universidad de Costa Rica.

“Anything that implies sending usernames and passwords through the network is too risky,”said Castro. “Anyone with a little expertise could use a type of software called sniffer, which could catch that type of information without the passenger even noticing.”

Castro said any bus' wifi service is reliable, as long as common sense is followed.

Psych evaluations are not vaccine for future problems with recruits
By Rommel Téllez of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

What does it mean to be a man? What does it mean to be a man with a gun? How to deal going from powerful and in control to powerless and scared?

These and similar questions are being posed to police officers throughout their career as part of an ongoing masculinity support plan developed by the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública.

According to Sergio Rechnitzer, head of the psychological department at Fuerza Pública, police officers come from all across the country and have often been raised with ideas where masculinity implies violence and showing off power.

“In the workshops we organize, we work on how to let many of these ideas go and deal in a better way with frustration, anxiety and daily stress,” said Rechnitzer.

The masculinity workshops are organized with the help of the Gender Office at Fuerza Pública and rely on voluntary assistance. However, the response has been more enthusiastic than what Rechnitzer expected.

“Sometimes officers register on their own or sometimes they are referred by their bosses. In a few cases, officers who are going through any kind of domestic violence are encouraged to attend this training,” he said.

The psychological department at Fuerza Pública is in charge of providing the required support to officers in need and also apply screening tests during the recruitment processes.

Rechnitzer explained that during the hiring process, tests seek to measure the general culture, personality profiles and soft skills of applicants and thus, determine their fitness for the job.

Police recruits
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Recruits must pass psychological exams to join the force.

However, he emphasized that those tests work like a picture and are useful to evaluate a person at an specific time. “But it is not a vaccine against future disorders that may arise from an indefinite number of reasons,”  said Rechnitzer.

“Though we provide all support possible, sometimes police officers will behave in an unexpected way like being abusive, going depressed or joining crime,” he added.

On July 27, 2004, a Fuerza Pública officer in charge of safekeeping the Embassy of Chile, opened fire against the diplomatic delegation and killed three people. The attack went on for several hours until police officers were authorized to enter the embassy grounds and subdue their fellow officer.

Apparently, the officer was going through a severe mental condition before being shot dead by the other police. At the time, much criticism against the psychological control of officers arose.

Recommended restaurants and hotels
Los Suenos
Formula Kart
Palermo 900

  Page One is HERE!     Page 2 is HERE!  Page 4 is HERE!  
   Page 5 is  HERE!     Page 6 is HERE!  Page 7 is HERE! Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE! 
Plus useful links

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Thursday Edition, June 8, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 113
Real Estate
About us

Biologists link motorboat noise as detrimental toward marine life
By the University of Exeter press staff

Noise from motorboats is making fish become bad parents, and reducing the chance of their young surviving, research led by marine experts at the University of Exeter has shown.

The sound of motorboat engines disturbed coral reef fish so acutely it changed the behavior of parents, and stopped male fish properly guarding their young, feeding and interacting with their offspring.

The research, which involved playing recordings of natural reef noise or intermittent motorboat noise around 38 fish nests over 12 days, found that the death-rates of baby fish exposed to boat engine noise increased significantly, with six of the 19 boat-noise nests suffering complete mortality.

The University of Exeter-led team of marine biologists said that noise from boats is a global pollutant, distracting fish and making them unable to properly protect their young from predators. They believe motorboat noise should be factored in when trying to protect fish stocks and manage fisheries.

Steve Simpson, an expert of the impact of noise on marine life at the University of Exeter, said: “This study raises important implications for managing the noise of the 100,000s of motorboats used around the world in coral reef environments. We are now considering acoustic quiet zones and corridors, and exploring how engine and propeller development can reduce the impact of this globally prevalent pollutant.”

The University of Exeter researchers predicted that their field research into the effect of man-made noise on coral fish could have wider implications for the survival of other marine species, and even birds and mammals. They called for more research in these areas.

Sophie Nedelec, of the College of Life and Environmental Sciences at the University of Exeter, said she believed other species could be similarly affected by marine noise pollution.

Noise from boats has already been shown to affect the way fish, mammals, birds and invertebrates behave. It can force them to change their habitat to get away from the noise and reduce their success finding a mate. Boat noise can travel for many kilometers underwater.

Ms. Nedelec, lead author on the paper published in “Proceedings of the Royal Society B” journal, added:

“Parental care behavior seems to be impaired in noisy conditions and we believe this makes it easier for predators to strike their offspring. It is likely the parents were either stressed or distracted by the noise, giving an advantage to the predators in this case.”

The researchers made observations for 12 days of 38 natural nests with broods of young in the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.

Science Daily photo    
Innocent entertainment seems to have more consequences than originally thought.

It found that exposure to recordings of noise from motorboats, compared to ambient sounds, had a noticeable impact on the survival of baby coral reef fish, and the behavior of adult male fish.

Motorboat noise is the most common source of man-made noise in shallow reef environments. The University of Exeter scientists warned that, because they broadcast the motorboat engine noise through underwater loudspeakers which do not broadcast the full range of sounds produced by motorboats, their results could be conservative.

The males and female spiny chromis, a coral reef fish which lives in the tropical Western Pacific, bring up their offspring together, with males contributing more care than females of the species.

Fish exposed to the motorboat noise spent far more time chasing and making aggressive strikes at other fish, compared to males exposed to recordings of ambient sound. The scientists believe this increase in aggressive behavior may have been be due to heightened stress, or distraction by the noise which led to decision-making errors, so the fish attacked or chased fish that were not a predatory threat.

The greater time spent chasing inappropriate species at inappropriate times also meant father fish spent less time near the nest, which may have left their offspring vulnerable to attacks from predators.

Adult fish exposed to the motorboat noise also spent less time feeding, which would have been likely to reduce their physical condition.

Another coral reef fish, the longear sunfish, was observed to move away from their nest when a slow-moving motorboat was nearby. Predators that have located a nest they can feed from are likely to return to hunt.

Other studies have shown that spawning could be interrupted by the approach of a fast moving powerboat.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

Live in Costa Rica tours

  • Costa Rica’s #1 source for relocation since 1980
  • Over 10,000 people relocated SUCCESSFULLY with our tours and books
  • ONLY relocation tour legally LICENSED by the Costa Rica government and APPROVED by the Association of Residents (ARCR)
  • Best VALUE, contacts and MORE areas of the country covered
  • ALL tours include a highly INFORMATIVE two-day seminar by the country’s renowned experts
Sample Video of the tour HERE

Toll Free from U.S. 877-884-2502 or 800-365-2342
Costa Rica LANDLINE 011-506-2261-8892
Costa Rica MOBILE 011-506-8849-0081
Skype: costarisa - E-mail:

All tours led by Christopher Howard
Costa Rica’s most read relocation author
See for details and itineraries

Hidden Garden
Visit the Largest Gallery in Costa Rica
Featuring artistic expressions of Costa Rican culture, heritage and traditions, the Hidden Garden Art Gallery has been your source for fine art since 2010.  Here you will find 15 large rooms of art in a beautiful, tranquil setting, with more than 60 artists showcasing traditional and contemporary paintings, sculpture, photography and giclee prints.  Located just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport (LIR) towards the beaches. Stop in for a visit to enjoy the view!

Visit our Web site at:
Contact us by email:
Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
Moon Travel Guides & Frommer's

Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.

George Lundquist header

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email :

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact us: 
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo


Household Furnishings

Furniture of Sarchi

Fine Furniture of Sarchi - Sarchi, Costa Rica
All our handcrafted products are made in Sarchi with pride and quality by artisans who are dedicated to designing, crafting, and delivering our furniture to you. Please visit our website and send us a picture and specifications of what YOU like, or just send us pictures from anywhere you wish. We will quote you right back with a more than competitive price and an on-time delivery date. Delivery and set up available throughout Costa Rica. We have different Costa Rican woods from which you may choose.
Contact information:
Adolfo's Cell 506-8831-4306
 Tom in the USA 803-261-6000

U.S. Income Tax

U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year.  Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!

  If tax payment is a holding you back, the IRS have options that can solve payment problems.  If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties. Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems.  
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion. File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements. File your current or amended returns.

Over 10 years in Costa Rica.
Competitive rates.

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate rentals (paid category)

San Jose Penthouse

Beautiful Penthouse Fully Furnished for Rent
Central San José downtown 

Including electricity, rate ₡355.000 (colones) or $650 per month.  2-bedroom / Laundry in bldg /  apartment. with king-sized bed in the master bedroom and large closets and desk.  It has 2 bathrooms, large kitchen and separate large living room. The apartment is on the top floor of the building with a commanding view of San José.  American-style apartment with elevator in a very secure building in Barrio Amón. Total eastern wall is windows for commanding view of area. The fully equipped kitchen has all the amenities included. All linen, towels, bedding are included. Three televisions, cable television, high-speed internet, WiFi. It includes plenty of hot water and all your electricity is also included in the rent. Shared free laundries on four floors of the building. Convenient to Parque Morazán, 100 mts. north of downtown Holiday Inn, Del Rey and other downtown hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, National Registry.  1/2 mo. security deposit. No lease required.

For personal inspection and more information call Hilda or Frank at (506) -7279-0252, 7148-1518, 7256-8378. Not calling for deals not related.

Tropical Homes logo
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Real estate-related services (paid category)

solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
Solar logo
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

Shipping services (paid category)

Moving to Costa Rica or Back to the U.S.?
  10 Years of Happy Clients
Canadian English or Spanish Spoken
Excellent Service, Competitive Prices
Call  (772) 361-1050
Our Web:
Free Ebook: How To Import to Costa Rica HERE!
Shipping Costa Rica

Page 1 is HERE!    Page 2 is  HERE!    Page 3 is HERE! 
Page 5 is HERE!     
Page 6 is HERE!     The sports page is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE!  Plus useful links

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
Published || Thursday Edition, June 8, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Perú will make data public
on fishing boat tracking

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Perú joined Indonesia Wednesday as the only two countries worldwide to make their fishing boat tracking data available to the public.

Such access will give conservationists, along with those who buy, sell and eat seafood, a clearer picture where their favorite dishes come from.

Officials from both countries made their announcements Wednesday at the United Nations Ocean Conference in New York.

Indonesia said its data is available now, while Perú promised to follow suit.

"This is another demonstration of the Peruvian government's commitment to fight illegal activities at sea," fisheries vice minister Hector Soldi said. "The Peruvian government intends to make the utmost effort to achieve sustainable management of our fisheries in order to increase its contribution to nutrition and global food security."

The independent Global Fishing Watch uses satellites and terrestrial receivers to track the activities of 60,000 commercial and private fishing boats across the globe.

Global Fishing Watch is not an enforcement agency but a tool for environmentalists and conservationists, and not available to private citizens.

Jackie Savitz, senior vice president of the Oceana conservation group, said that once a fishing boat leaves port and disappears over the horizon, it's hard to monitor the vessels. For example, she says, are they fishing in protected parts of the sea or encroaching into another country's exclusive economic zone?

Ms. Savitz says she applauds the very strong leadership by Indonesia and Peru in allowing anyone to monitor their fishing boats at any time.

"With more eyes on the ocean, there are fewer places for illegal fishers to hide," she said.

Ms. Savitz says she hopes other countries will follow Indonesia and Peru in helping to ensure the sustainability and health of one of the world's most valuable resources.

Intel chiefs push for an ok
on foreign surveillance

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. intelligence chiefs are making a strong push, backed by the White House, to reauthorize a controversial law that allows U.S. spy agencies to eavesdrop on foreign electronic communications.

During a Senate hearing that was largely concerned with the government’s ongoing investigations into Russia and possible collusion with members of President Donald Trump’s campaign, Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats called permanent reauthorization of Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act his top legislative priority.

Privacy advocates who say it allows for the data of millions of U.S. citizens to be swept up in government surveillance have criticized the law, set to expire at the end of the year, repeatedly. But Coats downplayed such concerns, calling the law a vital tool in the fight against terrorism.

Coats also argued that the capabilities authorized by the surveillance law have produced a critical stream of intelligence, including information that helped the U.S. track down and ultimately kill the Islamic State terror group’s second-in-command in March 2016.

Admiral Mike Rogers, head of the National Security Agency, also said the program was vital to gaining an understanding of Russian efforts to influence the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Still, some lawmakers remain concerned that U.S. officials have been unable to assess the program’s impact on citizens who may be inadvertently caught up in collection efforts.

And U.S. intelligence officials Wednesday had no answer for those who demanded to know how many U.S. citizens may have been swept up in the surveillance efforts, a figure Coats said would be impossible to deliver.

“You went back on a pledge, and I think it is damaging to the public,” Sen. Ron Wyden, a Democrat from Oregon, told Coats. “We’re going to battle it out in the course of this, because there are a lot of Americans who share our view that security and liberty are not mutually exclusive.”

But Richard Burr, a Republican who is the Senate Intelligence Committee chairman, said he supports the law’s reauthorization, calling it exceptionally critical.

The committee’s ranking Democrat, Sen. Mark Warner, also voiced support, although he cautioned that any reauthorization should ensure there is robust oversight and restrictions to protect the privacy and civil liberties of Americans.

Islamic State threatens
more terror against Iran

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Near simultaneous terror attacks on Iran’s parliament and the tomb of former leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini could set off a new round of hostilities in a tense Middle East.

At least 12 people were killed and another 42 wounded in Wednesday’s brazen strikes by machine-gun-wielding assailants and two suicide bombers, claimed almost immediately by Islamic State.

In a new twist, the terror group’s Amaq news agency also quickly distributed a 24-second video of the attack showing a bloody, lifeless body inside the parliament complex, and threatened it would strike again.

Iranian security officials late Wednesday confirmed IS involvement, saying the attackers, many disguised as women, were Iranians who had joined the terror group.

They said Iranian forces killed six of the attackers. Another five suspects were arrested, and two suicide bombers blew themselves up. Officials suggested a third attack had been foiled.

“These fireworks have no effect on Iran,” Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told state-run television, vowing the terrorists will soon be eliminated.

Islamic State and Iran have long been at odds, with IS fighters facing off against Iranian proxies and Iranian-led forces in Syria and Iraq. But Wednesday’s attacks marked the first by the Sunni terror group in the majority Shi’ite country.

U.S. intelligence called the incident the worst domestic terror attack in Tehran since the 1980s, but an official said there have been signs IS was, at least, hoping to strike.

And pointing to increasingly virulent propaganda over the past six months, the official added it had become clear Iran has been at the top of ISIS’ enemy list.

Still, Iranian officials immediately placed the ultimate blame on Saudi Arabia.

“This terrorist attack happened only a week after the meeting between the U.S. president and backward leaders who support terrorists,” according to statement by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps. “The fact that Islamic State has claimed responsibility proves that they were involved in the brutal attack.”

Condemnation for the attacks poured in from around the world.

The United Nations Security Council said the attacks were barbaric and cowardly and stressed that it condemned the attacks in the strongest terms.

Russian President Vladimir Putin sent condolences and offered assistance. In a statement, President Donald Trump said the U.S. grieves and prays for the innocent victims of the attacks, and the Iranian people, who are going through such challenging times.

But Trump also warned states that sponsor terrorism risk falling victim to the evil they promote.

Tensions have been running high across the Middle East, where Iran and Saudi Arabia have long vied for prominence and influence, including in Yemen where the rivals have been locked into a proxy war.

The region has further put been on edge following a decision by key Arab powers to cut ties with Qatar, accusing the government in Doha of supporting terror groups and of aligning too closely with Iran.

Some analysts fear Wednesday’s terror attack in Tehran could prompt a harsh response by Iran, at home and perhaps even across the region.

At least initially, though, Iran’s proxy forces have been quiet on social media.

More deadly heat expected
in India as temps rise

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

India is likely to experience deadly heat waves more frequently in the years ahead, even though there only has been a slight increase in human-driven warming over the past few decades, according to a study released Wednesday.

"It's getting hotter, and of course more heat waves are going to kill more people,'' said climatologist Omid Mazdiyasni of the University of California, Irvine, who led an international team of scientists analyzing a half-century of data collected by the Indian Meteorological Department.

After tracking temperature, heat waves and heat-related mortality, Mazdiyasni said, "We knew there was going to be an impact, but we didn't expect it to be this big." The findings are especially sobering considering the average temperature in India rose about one-half of one degree Celsius over 49 years.

The unveiling of the study, published in the journal “Science Advances,” follows President Donald Trump's decision to pull the United States out of the Paris climate agreement, which aims to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels during this century.

The scientists said that, even despite the relatively slight rise in mean temperatures in India between 1960 and 2009, the probability of India experiencing a massive heat-related mortality event, defined by more than 100 deaths, has shot up by 146 percent. Roughly speaking, that means dying in a heat wave in India is now about two and one-half times as likely as it was in the mid-20th century.

Most of India has experienced a 25 percent rise in the number of heat-wave days during that period. The study's authors said the vast majority of the country's cities and states are not prepared to handle such heat crises, even if they understand the devastation they can wreak.

In 2010, 1,200 people died from heat-related causes in the western city of Ahmedabad, prompting city officials to introduce seven-day weather forecasts and warnings, extra water supplies and cool-air shelters in the summer.

After more than 2,500 people were killed by heat in ravaged areas of India in 2015, nine other cities rolled out a plan to educate children about heat risk, stock hospitals with ice packs and extra water, and train medical workers to identify heat stress, dehydration and heat stroke.

But those nine cities have only about 11 million people, not even 1 percent of the country's population.

The same methodology can be applied in any region to get a sense of how vulnerable a country or population might be, the authors said. Recent events underscore years of warnings by scientists that climate change will make future heat waves more intense, more frequent and longer lasting.

Conservatives still lead
in upcoming U.K. election

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Prime Minister Theresa May called the general election that Britain is holding Thursday in the hope of winning strong backing for her government during upcoming negotiations in Brussels on the country's exit from the European Union.

Ms. May called the snap election, an early vote, three years before Parliament's term was due to expire, in early April. The prime minister originally expected a big win to boost her Conservative Party's majority in Parliament, but that optimism faded as her campaign sputtered over the past few weeks.

Late developments, however, could upend the experts' predictions once again.

Several recent opinion polls showed the opposition Labour Party was gaining on the Conservatives, or Tories as they are known in Britain. Not all of the polls agreed, though, and Conservative activists professed confidence.

The Times newspaper reported Wednesday night that a final poll by the YouGov group showed the Conservatives' lead over Labour had widened to seven percentage points, up from four percent on Saturday, just hours before the London Bridge terrorist attack that killed eight people.

All 650 seats in the House of Commons, the lower house of Parliament, are up for election Thursday. A party needs to win 326 seats to form a majority government.

The deadly terror attacks in England, in London last Saturday, and in Manchester 12 days earlier, have overshadowed the late stages of political campaigning. Speaking at a rally Tuesday, the prime minister pledged to put security first:

“And if, if our human rights laws stop us from doing it, we'll change those laws so we can do it,” she told supporters to enthusiastic applause.

Ms. May's threat to tear up the Human Rights Act drew criticism from Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn.

“The way you deal with the threat to the democracy is not by reducing democracy, it's by dealing with the threat,” he said during a campaign visit to Glasgow Wednesday. “That means properly funding our police and security services.”

Corbyn needs a big turnout by young voters, and his focus on improving public services and reducing fees for university students has won support. But he also has faced questions over national security and his past associations with groups including Hamas and the Irish Republican Army.

Third in the polls are the Liberal Democrats, whose central theme is opposition to Brexit, Britain's departure from the European Union. On that question, analyst Iain Begg says, the country appears to have moved on.

Support for the far-right UK Independence Party has collapsed. With Brexit decided, pollsters say many UKIP voters have switched to the Conservatives.

Theresa May says she needs a big win to give her a stronger hand in upcoming Brexit negotiations, but officials in Brussels say the size of her majority will have no bearing on the talks.

There will be no political honeymoon for the winner, says Kevin Schofield, editor of the website, the self-styled home of digital public affairs in Britain.

“You're straight into the biggest discussions, the biggest negotiations that any British government has faced in a generation, probably since the Second World War, Schofield said. "So there is no respite, there is no letup."

A big Conservative win would encourage those who support independence for Scotland. Breaking away from the United Kingdom and becoming an independent nation won considerable support earlier in this decade, but the Scots rejected independence in a referendum three years ago.

Now, however, following the Brexit decision by voters nationwide, in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Scottish National Party is demanding a second referendum on independence.

“In actual fact, the Scottish people, most of them don't want a referendum so soon,” said website editor Schofield. “They think that they've made their decision in 2014.”

Terrorism, Brexit and the potential breakup of Britain are daunting challenges that lie ahead for the winner of Thursday's election. Each political party is offering voters a very different road map to the future.

Mental health care needs
urgent reform, report says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new report submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council has called for the urgent retooling of what it calls an outdated mental health care system. The report contends the current system is injurious to mental wellbeing and violates the human rights of patients.

Dainius Puras is the author of the report and special investigator on the right to physical and mental health. His work found that mental health was grossly neglected within systems around the world and where they exist, they do so in isolation, segregated from regular health care despite the intimate relationship between physical and mental health.

He said there is a harmful overreliance on biological factors in the treatment of mental illness to the exclusion of psychological, environmental and social influences.

He said people with mild and moderate forms of depression too often are encouraged to use psychotropic medications despite clear evidence that they should not.

The World Health Organization reports nearly one in four people in the world will be affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives. Currently, it estimates around 450 million people suffer from such conditions. It notes depression is the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people.

Despite the enormity of the problem, Puras said things have barely changed regarding the treatment of mentally ill people. He said governments worldwide continued to favor institutional care, a system he called outdated and open to human rights abuses.

He said that the warehousing of people with mental disabilities in large institutions should stop and be replaced by community-based health care systems.

“The West investment is to invest in institutional care and I am very openly advocating to stop investing in institutional care. It is against human rights and it is the most expensive way of caring for people because it is 24-hour service.”

While community-based services may not be cheap, Puras said they respect the dignity of people with psychosocial, intellectual or other forms of mental disabilities. Unlike institutions, he said community systems do not breed human rights violations, hopelessness and social exclusion.

He said the entire mental health field has to be liberated from outdated and scientifically unsound concepts that undermine the human rights of people with mental disabilities.

For example, he said people who are diagnosed as having mental health conditions may be considered dangerous and that is why they are often deprived of their liberty.

He said another outdated, and seriously misused belief is that people who are diagnosed with a mental condition need some form of medical intervention.

Parus is a child and adolescent psychiatrist and professor at Vilnius University in Lithuania. He is particularly incensed at the thought that eight million children globally are living in institutional care, even though some of them have one or both parents.

Parus recommends that children without parental care be placed in a family setting instead. He said treating the mentally ill within communities breaks down dangerous and erroneous myths and lessens discrimination against them.

More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR

Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

San Ramon home
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike:  (please link that email)
Check out slide show HERE!

Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17

Puriscal home
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
Video Tour:
Community Web Site:
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email

COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here:

Etlinger Farm
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is and photo album can be found at

horse ranch
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:

Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email 

Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $795K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356

Tamarindo The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  or click here

Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456


Real estate-related services (paid category)

A-1 graphic
SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
Call us: Toll Free 877-778-8515   
     Text from US: 804-313-6382 
     CR phone: 506-8307-0164
     For more info also see our sites: 

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let help you find a buyer or renter.

solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
Solar logo
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

  Page One is HERE!     Page 2 is HERE! 
Page 3 HERE!      Page 4 is HERE!
Page 6 is HERE!  Page 7 is HERE! Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE! 
Plus useful links

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

news page

San José, Costa Rica || Thursday Edition, June 8, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 113
Real estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Bridge map
Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad graphic     
Map displaying the locations of the bridges being rebuilt.

Reconstruction begins for bridges

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Over 20 bridges destroyed during Hurricane Otto are set for reconstruction in Upala, Bagaces and La Cruz in the northern part of the country.

Despite the hurricane pummeling the shores of Costa Rica late last year, an inter-institutional effort is finally beginning with the participation of the Comisión Nacional de Emergencias, the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes along with the affected municipalities.

According to a government statement, this effort is also being supported by the Instituto Costarrciense de Electricidad and the special commission attached to the presidency on reconstructing Hurricane Otto.

“Let’s start with a group of eight bridges,” said Ignacio Arguedas, the general project coordinator for the electricity institute. “The approximate length of all works exceeds 600 meters. About half will be lifted with prototypes of concrete beams that MOPT already has.”

The electricity institute has developed topography, geophysics, hydrology and geotechnical studies in order to finalize the designs of the 20 bridges. Officials said that 18 will be for vehicular traffic while two are meant exclusively for pedestrian use.

Construction is expected to begin in the second half of July. So far, most of the machinery used is being leased to individuals in the area.

50 keys, stolen badge found by police

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

During a road operation carried out by police, four adults and one minor were detained Tuesday night with around 50 keys and a stolen badge of a judicial agent.

Three men and a 16-year-old female were in Ciudad Quesada traveling in a car when they were stopped at a police checkpoint for a routine inspection by members of the Fuerza Pública and Policía de Tránsito.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, police officers found two BB-guns and an air gun while the traffic cops noticed the driver carried a fake license. When the license plates were seized by traffic police, further searching by officers yielded a stolen badge of the Judicial Investigating Organization. The badge was reported stolen in San José, officials said.

Police, using data from their archives, discovered that one suspect has a previous criminal record in selling drugs and was sentenced back in 2014. Officers believe that the suspect was out on a parole benefit but are awaiting confirmation from the Ministerio de Justicia y Paz.

Meanwhile, police said that another suspect had a prior record for aggravated robbery and dismantling of vehicles. The other suspects, including the minor, did not have an apparent criminal record.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

Page 1 is HERE!   Page 2 is HERE!  
Page 3 is  HERE! 
Page 4 is HERE! 
Page 5 is HERE!  
Page 7 is HERE!
Sports page is  HERE!      Opinion is HERE!  
Classifieds are HERE!        Plus useful links


Calendar is


Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

From page 7:

Costa Rica gets positive outlook from OCDE

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica received a positive reaction from the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development in the 2017 Economic Outlook Report.

According to an official government statement, Costa Rica received a positive rating from the organization it desperately seeks to join as a full-fledged member. For its part, the OECD said that robust growth is projected in the expansion of credit and investment that supports domestic demands and improvements that would boost production.

The positive evaluation continued with an expectation that the new wave of infrastructure investment for the upcoming years could strengthen export competitiveness and increase productivity, the report said.

Better control of public spending and increased tax revenues also aided in the organization giving such valuable credit to the country, the government said. Still, the report warned of two major challenges. These are: growth of the fiscal deficit and improving the labor market performance.

Public debt continues to rise and ballooned to almost 45 percent of the country’s gross-domestic product in 2016, the report said. Unemployment refuses to move from its level of 9 percent as low growth in employment continues to mar any progress.

Still, however, the country is welcoming any positive reaction as it continues its bid to become more than a non-member observer country attached to the organization.