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Published Monday Edition
June 5, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 110
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Breathalyzer test
Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes photo
Traffic police officer administers a blood-alcohol-content test via breathalyzer.
New traffic reforms intend for harsher penalties
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Drivers must now abide by different regulations after the approval, in first vote, of a legislative reform that updates the current Ley de Tránsito.
 
The changes seek to make the law more efficient in regards to modern needs and behaviors on the road, according to the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes.

Some of the most important changes have to do with driving under the influence of alcohol. As of now, whoever outright refuses to take a breathalyzer test when stopped by a transit police officer will be charged $600 automatically.

A similar fine will be imposed on drivers who produce excessive noise, pollution or fumes. The same goes for those who drive with tinted windows that do not allow a 100 percent transparency.

In the case of consenting to the test, the driver may appeal the first result and request a second test. However, if the second test also comes up with the same result, an additional fine will be charged.

According to the law, the second test can be administered via a blood sample. In that case, the driver has the right to request it and be taken by police officers to the nearest hospital or clinic that’s available.

For those who drive without a license, or drive with a license that do not match the type of vehicle it was issued for, the fine has been updated to be at least $200.

That same amount applies to drivers who travel with an excess of passengers and those who allow passengers to sit outside the cabin or in the trunk.

The exception to this rule are properly-equipped trucks used in agricultural activities, maintenance of public services and emergencies.

A $100 fine will be charged to anyone who disrespects fixed vertical or horizontal traffic signs, as well as those not complying with a direct order from the transit authority.

The same amount should be paid by taxi drivers who pick up passengers in unauthorized areas or drop them off in dangerous areas, even if it is at the request of the passenger.

In the case of freights and cargo services transporting trees, wood, stone, sand or general debris, they should now have the items fully covered to avoid small particles hitting other cars or passersby.

The new reforms do not include yet any reference for shared transportations services such as Uber, but it does continue to punish illegal taxi services, locally known as Piratas.

These reforms also do not seemingly attack the root of the problem, which is not necessarily the traffic laws themselves, but the ways in which they are administered and enforced.

Laws are only as strong as the ability of the authority and enforcer to properly penalize those committing crimes.

Frequently, in the areas of traffic violations, expats can see that time and time again there is no enforcement of proper traffic laws.

Many have told staff members of A.M. Costa Rica just the wildness and danger of driving within the capital whether by car and especially by motorcycle.


Security forces issue crackdown on foreigners
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The public security ministry announced the capture of six foreign nationals in its bid to get tougher on enforcing the immigration laws of Costa Rica.

According to the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the work stems from a May 15 directive by Gustavo Mata, the head of the ministry, to detain and deport foreigners with a criminal record in the country. In total, only 17 foreigners of varying nationalities have been detained for various crimes so far.

These include: four Colombians, four Nicaraguans and three Mexicans but also one U.S. citizen, a Canadian and a Swede, according to data released by the ministry.

Last Wednesday, the Fuerza Pública captured the U.S. man and the Canadian in Santa Ana during two separate incidents. Both will be deported by order of the immigration judge who oversaw their cases.

According to a police report, the American was in the country illegally but did not specify how. There was also no mention of prior crimes aside from being of an irregular immigration status.

The Canadian, who was apparently born in Iraq, was detained for a firearm inside his vehicle and also for managing for bring in almost $20,000 without it being declared. The Canadian was apparently on a tourist permit, which has since been canceled. Both will be deported pending any special circumstances, officials said.

In an operation done the same day in Puntarenas, police located a Swedish national who was detained for his own irregular immigration status.

Immigration authorities searched Costa Rican databases and found several prior incidents of robbery and domestic violence. He is also in process of being deported, police said.

A.M. Costa Rica reported on this phenomenon prior to Mata’s May 15 directive regarding citizenship potentially being granted to foreigners even though these subjects had prior, potentially extensive criminal records.

Until the first half of 2012, the Tribunal Supremo del Elecciones, which is the agency in charge of the Registro Civil, had been using INTERPOL alerts as a way to assess the criminal records of foreigners, according to Luis Guillermo Chinchilla, the head of the civil registry.

The Tribunal used to request a criminal lookup from the applicant’s own country for the same purpose, Chinchilla explained.

However, the Interpol alerts are not the best way to establish the past activities of any foreigner, since its main purpose is just to show if there is an outstanding arrest warrant for an individual, according to local officials attached to the INTERPOL branch in Costa Rica.

Individuals given a red notification on the INTERPOL website simply means that the person has an outstanding international warrant for their arrest.

These notifications are only kept in the system for five years or more depending on a government’s request.

They also go once the person has been apprehended or the charges are dropped. This does not necessarily mean the person was released or acquitted for alleged crimes.

As an example, persons applying for residency are supposed to provide a letter from police officials showing that they are law abiding.

However, under the current requirements, a U.S. citizen applying could obtain a clean record letter from one police agency in the United States while having been convicted multiple times in other jurisdictions. The United States does not maintain a central registry of criminal records.

Costa Rica officials have been known to bar entry even to tourists who are known gang members or who have well-publicized felony convictions.

As of last Friday, immigration authorities have detained at least 50 people for varying reasons. Some are currently detained at Centro de Aprehensión Región Central de Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería.


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Monday Edition, June 5, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 110
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
U.S. Income Tax

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ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
 
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I.R.S. Criminal Investigations, including non-filing of tax returns, tax evasion, filing false income tax returns, money laundering, currency reporting requirements, offshore banking reporting requirements, false statements, and false offer in compromise submissions.

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 Accountants

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Don't eat the horse meat, officials say

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Agents of the Judicial Investigating Organization made a grisly announcement to citizens Saturday.

Three mares that were originally owned by a university located in Atenas were missing from the school’s facilities. A preliminary report from investigators hints that these animals may have been stolen or possibly slaughtered for the meat.

The problem, however, is that these animals are used by the university in relation to its producing of antidotes used to treat snakebites in Africa, officials said.

To that end, agents warned people to not buy meat from, what they called, strange people or those who were transporting it in an adequate way.

The mares were injected with snake venom samples as a means of determining the strength or viability of the antidotes. A person who consumes the meat could experience kidney problems or even problems with one’s nervous system, a statement from the organization said.


Lightning activity quadruples in 2017

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The sensors for the Costa Rican electricity institute have registered over 1,650 lightning strikes in just the first two days of June alone throughout the country.

According to data provided by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, the number of electric shocks quadrupled by comparison to prior data gathered in 2016. That has it reaching a total of over 295,500 based on the results from the seven detectors scattered throughout the country monitoring this.

Most of the reports indicate that the Pacific coast is the area most impacted by these atmospheric discharges due to the type of cloud overcast formed along the coast, officials said.

The detectors consist of a dome with three antennas for: electric field, magnetic field and the GPS system. According to the institute, the selected sites for the detectors are isolated from other wave interference, are flat and are far removed from people to prevent manipulation or damage.

Berny Fallas, the coordinator of atmospheric discharges at the institute, noted that the continuation of the rainy season will likely bring more lightning strikes.

The institute said that each detector covers a radius of at least 370 kilometers and is located in varying locations ranging from people’s farms to the airports in Costa Rica.

“In order to know the patterns of real-time lightning and to protect the electrical and telecommunications infrastructure of ICE, we have installed these instruments since 2002,” Ana María Barrantes, the director in charge of the system, said. “It sends information in real time to the central analyzer located in Sabana Norte.”


Marijuana
lab
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo      
The marijuana lab used to extract the oil.

Agents bust genteel marijuana lab

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Judicial Investigating Organization raided a hydroponic marijuana lab located located very close to the Alajuela courthouse. During the operation, the police arrested a couple aged 30 to 35 years old.

Authorities seized marijuana oil and about $18,000 in cash. Police also seized several tubes of Tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the main psychoactive chemical extracted from the plant.

According to Eduardo Fallas, director of the regional judicial enforcement office in Alajuela, the raid began at 6 a.m. Friday at a small apartment in the Montenegro neighborhood.

Apparently, the couple produced high-end marijuana and its extracts and sold their product to wealthy clients. The clients were not many, but each one bought big amounts of the drug. Having few yet powerful customers helped the couple keep a low profile and make important earnings, Fallas said.

In the case of marijuana oil, each dose costs around $50 and are often sold at electronic vape stores and also as an aromatic essence in “well-being” stores.

The oil was made by a chemical process involving boiling the plants and adding aromatic essenses with the help of butane gas. The investigators learned about these activities through confidential sourcing.

After several weeks of monitoring, authorities were able to detect the arrival of luxury cars to the apartment and the departure of another one several times a week.

Investigators believe that one car was used to make deliveries but they are uncertain as if the couple worked with another network or close collaborators.

Today, the Alajuela head prosecutor is expected to request six months preventive custody for the couple, before the criminal court of the province. The Ministerio Público will file the charges of illegal growth, storage, processing and marketing of drugs.
The case is still under investigation.

As of August 2016, 41 hydroponic marijuana labs have been dismantled either by the Policía de Control de Drogas or the Judicial Investigating Organization, according to statistics by Ministerio de Seguridad Pública.

The first time a lab like the one in question was destroyed by police was back in 2003, in San Pedro de Montes de Oca, San José.
At the time, Authorities seized 416 marijuana plants and 12 kilograms of chopped marijuana.


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Third News Page
U.S. Tax
Published || Monday Edition, June 5, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 110
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Henrietta Boggs, former First Lady, receives honorary doctorate
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The so-called First Lady of the Revolution, Henrietta Boggs-MacGuire, received an honorary doctorate from Birmingham-Southern College, a small liberal arts school in the U.S. state of Alabama.

Ms. Boggs-MacGuire received an honorary doctor of humanities to acknowledge her lifelong promotion of social change and equality, according to a statement from the college announcing the honorary degrees.

“When the 22-year-old Boggs-MacGuire--then a junior at Birmingham-Southern--decided to visit her aunt and uncle in Costa Rica, she had no idea she would end up influencing the fate of that nation,” the announcement reads.

“On that visit, she met and fell in love with Jose Figueres, a coffee farmer who would go on to lead the democratic revolution against the corrupt power structure.”

Ms. Boggs-MacGuire married Figueres, commonly known as Don Pepe in Costa Rica, on Oct. 18, 1941, and spent two years with him in exile in México and El Salvador. Many expats know the story that comes next: how a disputed election in 1948 led to the Costa Rican Civil War, which found Figueres leading the victorious rebel army and establishing a temporary junta.

That, of course, led to the creation of the modern Costa Rican state and the establishing of a new constitution and abolishing of the military that allowed Figueres to become president three times in the country’s history.

“As president, Figueres directed the creation of a new constitution and enacted numerous popular reforms--many of them stemming from the perspective his wife brought with her from the U.S.” the statement continues.
“In her 18 months as first lady of Costa Rica, she pushed her husband for important changes, especially giving women the right to vote.”
Henrietta Boggs-MacGuire
Red Cultura photo
A proud Ms. Boggs-MacGuire receiving her doctorate.

Ms. Boggs-MacGuire subsequently divorced Figueres in 1952 and returned home to the U.S. The 99-year old currently lives in Montgomery, Alabama.


Costa Rican universities network at international educator fair
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Representatives from Costa Rican universities scoured the area and signed agreements at the recent fair for international educators this past week.

The National Association for Foreign Student Advisers, or NAFSA, fair is considered the most important event in the higher education sector for the Americas, according to a statement issued by the Promotora de Comercio Exterior. It attracts over 13,000 professionals from the education sector representing over 400 institutions of higher learning.

During the event, two Costa Rican universities signed agreements with international schools, while another obtained funding to promote international education.

The Universidad Iberoamérica signed an agreement with the University of California-Los Angeles to develop research programs and collaborate on medicine and international post-graduate training to become a doctor, Procomer said.

Additionally, EARTH University signed an agreement with the International Student Exchange Programs, an association composed of at least 300 member organizations. The idea is for the school to host students from upwards of 53 countries, according to Nico Evers, a representative for the university.

Universidad Latina and the U.S. University of Northern Iowa were winners of a $25,000 to increase student exchange across the Americas. This fund is awarded by the U.S. Department of State to promote strategic partnerships between U.S. and Latin American universities.

The other main universities of Costa Rica such as Universidad de Costa Rica, Veritas and Hispanoamericana also attended the fair to network among the participants and present their programs for the summer.

“This is a new opportunity to showcase the quality of the country and boost Costa Rica in international markets,” said Álvaro Piedra, the director of exports at Procomer.


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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Monday Edition, June 5, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 110
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UCR students hope to create first regional solar weather database
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

In the hopes of creating the first Central American database of solar weather, a group of young scientists from Universidad de Costa Rica have rolled up their sleeves to actively work in the creation of the first regional radio-telescope.

This project is sponsored by the Vicerrectoría de Investigación at Universidad de Costa Rica and, once completed, it will allow the science community to better understand how the radio-magnetic behavior of the sun effects our livelihood, particularly in the areas of telecommunication services.

To achieve this goal, the group, which includes astrophysicist and electrical and mechanical engineers, will transform an old satellite antenna located in Santa Cruz in the province of Guanacaste, according to Carolina Salas, astrophysicist and head of the project.
 
“It is an old antenna first used to track an specific satellite,” Ms. Salas said. “It is a fixed one so right now it doesn’t work as a radio telescope so we have started the project by redesigning it in a way that it can move.”

“Once that part is complete, we’ll also work on creating a receptor that fits the antenna and start gathering radio information of the sun weather. This will take no less than six years and we are all very excited about it,” Ms. Salas added.

The scientist explained that a radio-telescope allows to keep better track of the events happening outside the earth, since radio waves are not affected by clouds nor the weather.

Radio Telescope
Universidad de Costa Rica photo
This dish hopes to track radio-magnetic behavior.

She also said that, at certain frequencies, it allows to make general scans of the radioactivity coming from other celestial bodies.

“This was a long time idea that one of our former professor in the School of Physics had,” Ms. Salas said.

“He then retired and I continued with the idea to make it happen. I also love this project because that’s the area I have be specialized in: the study of the sun.”

The antenna was donated by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad a few years ago. The rest of the project get its funding from the Universidad de Costa Rica.

This includes the rights of use once it is finished, according to Manrique Oviedo, spokesperson from the Vicerrectoría de Investigación.


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Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
HERE!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email : lundquistgeorge@gmail.com
9113-7/4/17

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

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* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact us: 
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@travelinparadisecr.com
Web:  www.travelinparadisecr.com
8995-4/17/17

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


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Household Furnishings

Fine
Furniture of Sarchi

Fine Furniture of Sarchi - Sarchi, Costa Rica
All our handcrafted products are made in Sarchi with pride and quality by artisans who are dedicated to designing, crafting, and delivering our furniture to you. Please visit our website and send us a picture and specifications of what YOU like, or just send us pictures from anywhere you wish. We will quote you right back with a more than competitive price and an on-time delivery date. Delivery and set up available throughout Costa Rica. We have different Costa Rican woods from which you may choose. 
www.FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
Contact information:
Adolfo's Cell 506-8831-4306
 Tom in the USA 803-261-6000
Email: Info@FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
9218-8/25/17

U.S. Income Tax

U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant Licensed by the I.R.S.
 
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year.  Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!

  If tax payment is a holding you back, the IRS have options that can solve payment problems.  If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties. Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems.  
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion. File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements. File your current or amended returns.

Over 10 years in Costa Rica.
Competitive rates.

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rentals (paid category)

San Jose Penthouse

Beautiful Penthouse Fully Furnished for Rent
Central San José downtown 

Including electricity, rate ₡355.000 (colones) or $650 per month.  2-bedroom / Laundry in bldg /  apartment. with king-sized bed in the master bedroom and large closets and desk.  It has 2 bathrooms, large kitchen and separate large living room. The apartment is on the top floor of the building with a commanding view of San José.  American-style apartment with elevator in a very secure building in Barrio Amón. Total eastern wall is windows for commanding view of area. The fully equipped kitchen has all the amenities included. All linen, towels, bedding are included. Three televisions, cable television, high-speed internet, WiFi. It includes plenty of hot water and all your electricity is also included in the rent. Shared free laundries on four floors of the building. Convenient to Parque Morazán, 100 mts. north of downtown Holiday Inn, Del Rey and other downtown hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, National Registry.  1/2 mo. security deposit. No lease required.

For personal inspection and more information call Hilda or Frank at (506) -7279-0252, 7148-1518, 7256-8378. Not calling for deals not related.
9217-5/11/17


Tropical Homes logo
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
9055-2/23/17


Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
9049-7/31/17


Real estate-related services (paid category)

COSTA RICA SOLAR
solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

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Andre 506-8314-8090
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OUR EMAIL:
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VISIT OUR WEB:
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9118-6/26/17







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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
Published || Monday Edition, June 5, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 110
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Islamic State claims credit
in London terror attack


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Islamic State is claiming responsibility for Saturday night's deadly terror rampage in London, which killed seven people and wounded 48.

Islamic State made its claim of a security detachment carrying out the attack on its Amaaq news agency webpage. A van driver ran over pedestrians on the London Bridge. Three men jumped out of the van and stabbed people in a nearby market.

Home Secretary Amber Rudd said Sunday police believe the three men shot dead by police were the lone perpetrators of the attack and therefore raising the threat level to the top at critical was not warranted.

Following the May 22 suicide bombing after an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, authorities raised the threat level to critical for one week as they sought possible accomplices.

British Prime Minister Theresa May said Sunday the three terrorist attacks in Britain in the last three months are bound together by the evil ideology of Islamist extremism.

There is far too much tolerance for extremism in our country, Ms. May said. "We need to be more robust in identifying and stamping out extremism in public service and across society. … It is time to say enough is enough."

Ms. May said Saturday's attack does not appear to be connected to the suicide bombing in Manchester that killed 22 people, or another attack on pedestrians on Westminster Bridge in March.

But she said terrorism breeds terrorism and the perpetrators are copying one another.

Officials say the investigation into Saturday's attack is moving quickly. Counterterrorism officers arrested 12 people following raids in East London Sunday morning.

The attack began when a large delivery van, apparently rented from a do-it-yourself building chain store, drove into pedestrians at high speed on London Bridge late Saturday evening.

Witnesses said they saw the van heading toward Borough Market veer off the roadway at high speed, probably in excess of 80 kilometers per hour, and drive into pedestrians. At least eight people who were walking across the bridge were hit and thrown to the pavement.

The vehicle then proceeded to Borough Market where three men exited the vehicle and carried out multiple stabbings.

Police said the three attackers were shot dead by armed officers within eight minutes of the first call to emergency services. They said that canisters the attackers wore, making them look like suicide bombers, were fake.

The mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, denounced the attack. "I condemn it in the strongest possible terms," he said. "There is no justification whatsoever for such barbaric acts."

Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates each issued statements condemning the attack and expressing support for Britain.

Before their Champions Trophy match in Birmingham, rival cricket teams from India and Pakistan observed a moment of silence for the victims.

A moment of silence was also held in Manchester, where American pop singer Ariana Grande returned to headline a concert to raise money for the victims of the May 22 suicide bombing.

President Donald Trump offered America’s full support in investigating the brutal terror attacks in London during a telephone call with Prime Minister May.

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security said it was in close contact with British authorities.


Local governments step up
after U.S. climate deal exit


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Donald Trump said he represented the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris, when he withdrew this week from the historic climate agreement signed in the French capital. But Pittsburgh plans to step up its efforts to meet the climate goals the president has repudiated.

Pittsburgh Mayor William Peduto responded to Trump's statement with an executive order recommitting the city government to its goals of cutting energy use by half and getting all its energy from renewable sources by 2030.

With the federal government stepping away from climate action, the burden falls to American state and city governments and the private sector to curb greenhouse gas emissions.

They've already been doing it, experts note. And many are now pledging to do more.

A growing list of mayors, governors and businesses are pledging to step up their actions so the United States will meet the commitments it agreed to in Paris in 2015. However, experts say it's unclear whether they actually can fill the gap left by the Trump administration.

"Over the past decade, the U.S. has led the world in emission reductions and our federal government had very little to do with it," said former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

"It happened because of leadership from cities, public opposition to coal plants, and market forces that have made cleaner sources of energy, including solar and wind,s cheaper than coal," he said.

Bloomberg was in Paris on Friday, announcing the formation of America's Pledge, a group that will submit to the United Nations a plan for how the United States will meet its Paris commitment, even without the federal government.

Three states, 30 cities and 300 companies have signed on to the group so far, according to Bloomberg adviser Carl Pope.

"The fact that the president of the United States no longer intends to cooperate with the Paris commitment doesn't mean the United States won't keep its word," Pope said.

Though the Trump administration is rewriting federal rules limiting power plant emissions, 29 states require electric utilities to generate a portion of their electricity from renewable sources.

Both Republicans and Democrats support the policies. This year, Maryland's Democrat-controlled state legislature raised the state's renewable requirement, overriding the veto of the Republican governor.

On the other hand, late last year, Ohio's Republican governor vetoed the Republican legislature's freeze of that state's renewable requirement.

One market-based option for limiting emissions, known as cap and trade, lets polluters trade emissions allowances under an overall limit on such emissions.

A cap-and-trade plan failed in Congress in 2010. But California and nine East Coast states have such programs, and the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative that includes those nine states is considering tightening the program.

As of late Friday, nearly 200 mayors had signed a pledge to increase their efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Among them was Stephen Benjamin, mayor of Columbia, South Carolina.

"Even if the president follows through on his commitment to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, mayors will stand in the gap," Benjamin said.

Columbia has already been aggressively installing solar panels and working to reduce energy consumption, the mayor said, and the city is planning to convert its largest wastewater treatment plant to solar energy.

Benjamin is vice president of the U.S. Council of Mayors. When the group meets in Miami this month, Benjamin will present a resolution urging city governments to commit to getting 100 percent of their energy from renewable sources by 2035.

White House spokesman Sean Spicer said other levels of government should feel free to pursue their own course.

But the Trump administration's budget would undermine their efforts to act on climate, according to Georgetown University Climate Center Executive Director Vicki Arroyo.

Trump's budget proposal calls for deep cuts to energy efficiency and renewable energy programs at the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency, including grants to state and local governments.

The cities and states pledging deeper cuts to greenhouse gas emissions represent roughly one-fifth of the nation's total, according to the research group Climate Interactive.

But Sawin said she expected more cities, states and companies to announce additional actions.

Bloomberg adviser Pope notes that the United States has already achieved half of the emissions reductions it promised in Paris. He said he was quite confident the rest would come.


Perú and five nations join
the U.N. Security Council


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.N. member states elected six countries Friday to temporary seats on the Security Council, the U.N. body responsible for maintaining international peace and security.

Starting January 1, 2018, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait, Poland and Perú will serve two-year terms, while the Netherlands will join for one year, in a special arrangement with Italy.

The vote in the U.N. General Assembly generated little suspense, as regional groups had already decided among themselves which countries to put up as their candidates, and there was no competition for the seats.

Candidates easily garnered the two-thirds majority of votes required on the first round of ballots.

The only oddity this year was a special by-election in which the Netherlands replaced Italy on the council.

After five rounds of voting in last year’s election, the two candidates were tied with 95 votes each and unable to reach the two-thirds majority needed to secure the seat, so they decided to share it.

Outgoing council member Egypt expressed some concern about this arrangement. Ambassador Amr Aboulatta told the General Assembly that it is an exceptional arrangement between the two countries that should not be considered as a precedent, in choosing elected members in the future.

“More than ever the Security Council has to show its relevance in international conflicts; in national conflicts, it has to be active in the prevention of conflicts. The Netherlands will be a proactive partner,” Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders told reporters after the vote.

“We will together with others try to solve and decide about the most important problems of world,” Poland’s Foreign Minister Witold Waszczykowski told reporters.

“We will not neglect our neighboring issues like the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine. But of course, we won’t hesitate to participate in solving other problems of the Middle East, Africa and other continents,” he added.

U.N. analyst Richard Gowan, a fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, said it is unlikely any of the incoming members will fundamentally alter Security Council dynamics.

“Poland is likely to follow in the footsteps of Ukraine, and use the council as a platform to challenge Russia repeatedly,” he said.

New member Ivory Coast will see a U.N. peacekeeping mission shut down at the end of June after 13 years in the country.

“There are serious debates about the future of U.N. peace operations at present, especially as the U.S. wants to cut back their budgets severely,” Gowan noted. “Ivorian diplomats will bring extra experience and insights to those debates,” he added.

But the reality is that the powerful Permanent Five members: Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States continue to steer the council.

“The P5 are in a mess at present, and remain profoundly divided over Syria, but it is unwise to underestimate their resilience,” Gowan cautioned. “For all their differences, the five remain united in their desire to maintain maximum control over U.N. affairs.”


Fight for Raqqa could begin
in coming days, forces say


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S.-backed military forces in Syria are poised to launch in a few days an offensive to capture the Islamic State's de facto capital of Raqqa, according to a spokesman for the Syrian Kurdish militia group YPG.

YPG spokesman Nouri Mahmoud confirmed Saturday remarks by American military officials who said Thursday that Syrian Democratic Forces have pushed within three kilometers of Raqqa and action to gain control could begin in the coming days.

Speaking in Baghdad, U.S.-led counter IS coalition spokesman Col. Ryan Dillon told reporters the SDF is poised around Raqqa, after gaining significant territory from IS in Syria in the last week.

The forces are within three kilometers of Raqqa to the north and the east and about 10 kilometers from the city to the west, said Dillon.

The U.S. military has distributed weapons and vehicles to Syrian Kurdish fighters in preparation for the Raqqa battle. That move, confirmed earlier this week, placed the United States at odds with NATO ally Turkey.

Turkish authorities contend the SDF's Syrian Kurdish militia is a terrorist group affiliated with the outlawed PKK, the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a terror group that has been battling the Turkish state for many years.

Dillon said the SDF has instructed remaining Raqqa citizens to leave the city, with nearly 200,000 people already displaced.

Camps for displaced citizens have been established around the Syrian city, Dillon added, with SDF screening sites in place to prevent Islamic State militants from escaping among the fleeing civilian population.

Meanwhile, U.S. military officials say Iranian-backed pro-regime forces continue to violate a de-confliction zone set up around the al-Tanf army base, where special forces are training Syrian militias.

Dillon said the coalition has communicated to the small element of forces that they are considered a threat and need to leave the zone.

Dillon said the forces violating the de-confliction zone have stopped establishing defensive positions after coalition airstrikes targeted their tanks and equipment two weeks ago, but have remained a little more than halfway into the established zone, which has a radius of 55 kilometers from al-Tanf base.

Additional pro-regime reinforcements have not entered the de-confliction zone, Dillon explained, but forces just outside the de-confliction zone at al-Tanf are reinforcing their positions and bringing in combat type assets, including tanks and artillery systems.


SpaceX launch
  NASA photo         
SpaceX's Falcon rocket blasts off!

SpaceX launches rocket
meant for reuse later

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

SpaceX launched its first recycled cargo ship to the International Space Station on Saturday, another milestone in its bid to drive down flight costs.

After a two-day delay caused by thunderstorms, the unmanned Falcon rocket blasted off carrying a Dragon capsule that made a station delivery nearly three years ago. When this refurbished Dragon reaches the orbiting lab on Monday, it will be the first returning craft since the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's now-retired shuttles.

The first-stage booster flown Saturday afternoon was brand-new, and as is now the custom, returned to Cape Canaveral following liftoff for a successful vertical touchdown. "The Falcon has landed," SpaceX Mission Control declared from company headquarters in Hawthorne, California, and a cheer went up.

The plan is to launch the booster again, instead of junking it in the ocean as so many other rocket makers do.

Just two months ago, SpaceX launched its first recycled booster on a satellite mission. Another flight featuring a reused booster is coming up later this month.

This Dragon capsule, meanwhile, came back for take two following a few modifications and much testing. Shortly before liftoff, a SpaceX vice president, Hans Koenigsmann, called the Dragon reflight a pretty big deal.

It's all part of the company's quest, Koenigsmann said, to lower the cost of access to space through reusability.

The Dragon soaring Saturday has the same hull and most of the same parts from its 2014 flight. SpaceX installed a new heat shield and parachutes, among a few other things, for the trip back to Earth at flight's end.

The Dragon is the only supply ship capable of surviving re-entry; all the others burn up in the atmosphere.

NASA's other supplier, Orbital ATK, will see its cargo carrier depart the 250-mile-high complex on Sunday, six weeks after arriving.

Besides the usual supplies, the 6,000-pound shipment includes mice and flies for research, a new kind of roll-up solar panel and a neutron star detector.

For now, SpaceX said savings are minimal because of all the inspections and tests performed on the already flown parts. NASA's space station program manager, Kirk Shireman, told reporters earlier in the week that SpaceX did a thorough job recertifying the Dragon and that the risk is not substantially more than if this were a capsule straight off the factory floor.

He said the entire industry is interested in this whole notion of reuse, first realized with the space shuttles.

It was the 100th launch from NASA's hallowed Launch Complex 39A, the departure point for the Apollo moon shots as well as dozens of shuttle missions, including the last one in 2011.

SpaceX now leases the pad from NASA; the company's first launch from there was in February.

SpaceX has been hauling station supplies for NASA for five years, both up and down. This is the company's 11th mission under a NASA contract.

The company's next step is to deliver astronauts using modified Dragons. That could occur as early as next year.

Until SpaceX and Boeing start transporting crews, astronauts will continue to ride Russian rockets.

On Friday, a Russian and Frenchman returned from the space station in their Soyuz capsule, leaving two Americans and a Russian behind. The station was zooming over Oman in the Persian Gulf when the Falcon took flight.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
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In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
9189-9/2/17


San Ramon home
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  (please link that email)
Check out slide show HERE!
9220-8/15/17


Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Penthouse
rollover
Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $795K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
9132-6/1/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

A-1 graphic
A1 MASTER BUILDERS COSTA RICA
SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
Call us: Toll Free 877-778-8515   
     Text from US: 804-313-6382 
     CR phone: 506-8307-0164
     Email: hotelescazu@aol.com
     For more info also see our sites:
    www.a1masterbuildercostarica.webs.com
    www.hotelsescazu.com
    www.hotel4salecostarica.com
    www.wind-solar.webs.com 
9142-7/27/17
Related

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

COSTA RICA SOLAR
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NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
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BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
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    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
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CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398
OUR EMAIL:
 andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:
www.crsolar.net 
9177-6/19/16



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San José, Costa Rica || Monday Edition, June 5, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 110
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News from the BBC up to the minute



BBC newsfeeds are disabled on archived pages.
Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Eclectic gardening mixes old favorites with a tropical locale

This morning I planted azaleas out in the palm garden. Why? Because I am an eclectic gardener, that’s why. Eclectic is good and we have a great climate for an eclectic gardener.

What is an eclectic gardener? Why, it’s someone who plants azaleas from up north with palm trees from the tropics. It’s someone who puts hydrangeas next to the ornamental ginger and roses next to the hibiscus.

Victoria Torley
 And why not?

 We may love our tropical
 location but we also love the
 plants we grew up with.
Yes, I
 still miss violets, daffodils, and
 lily of the valley even though I
 love my orchids, spider lilies,
 and butterfly white ginger, but
 we grow what will grow and I
 like to mix it up.


We gardeners mix it up for a lot of reasons.  Color, of course, is the first. Sometimes you can’t find the right combinations for the garden. If you want a rainbow of colors, you have to search long and hard for the right tropical plants so becoming eclectic is a good choice. Scent is another issue.

Most of the highly scented flowers I have been growing come in a short range of colors. I would love to grow more roses in a range of colors, but the leaf cutters have finally defeated me and I am going to pull them out of their bed and just scatter them around to take care of themselves. After all, why should I provide a concentrated buffet for leaf cutters by placing my roses all in one spot? Let them work for the food!

Height is an issue. My favorite edging plant is the dual use Tradescantia pallida, wandering jew, temperate and tropical but some of my tropical edgers have suffered from failure to spread. Sometimes I have been told that a plant will grow only 3 feet tall, then it suddenly takes off and exceeds the space allotted. This happened to me with my Brazilian Plume (Jaccobinia) so if you have a plant name, check the web before putting it in the ground.

My Jacobinia plants are now about 6 feet tall and need to be relocated.
Then there are issues of bugs not limited to leaf cutters and fungi that, if they start in one plant, will continue to a new species. Sometimes you can fool them by putting temperate plants next to tropical.

So go ahead and mix it up. After all, it is your garden!

A word of caution for gardeners

Locally near Nuevo Arenal there has been a case of murine typhus.
This Is NOT Typhoid fever and is NOT CONTAGIOUS!

Murine typhus is due to Rickettsia typhi and is spread by fleas. Early symptoms are flu-like such as muscle aches and pains, fever, chills that are followed by a rash. Please go to the web and review the material from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control.

This is a VERY RARE DISEASE. Hawaii sees perhaps 5 or 6 cases a year. If you have symptoms, see a doctor as the disease can be treated with antibiotics.


Wisteria
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Victoria Torley       

Plant for the Week
And now a pretty picture from England with wisteria climbing the walls.

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor.  And, for more garden tips, visit HERE!



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From page 7:

McKinsey firm expanding Heredia operations

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

McKinsey & Company, a global consulting firm, announced that it would be expanding its operations based in Costa Rica by moving into a new building to support its expanding number of full-time employees.

According to a recent statement by the Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, McKinsey started its Costa Rica operation back in 2010 with a core team that has eventually grown to 700 employees. The plan is to double that number when the company moves into a new building and also expand its local operations beginning in early 2018.

The consulting firm is based in Ultrapark II in Lagunilla, Heredia. The move garnered enough attention that Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solís gave his own personal praise for the company’s plans to expand. Solís also made a visit to the company’s facilities to meet with local managers and employees of the company.

“McKinsey is making substantial investments in Costa Rica because of the wealth of the country’s talent market,” a follow-up statement by Casa Presidencial said. “Costa Ricans contribute to the development of these sophisticated and progressive skills and enrich their own careers.”

For his part Andrés Cadena, a senior partner with McKinsey, said that “the dedication and talent of Costa Ricans is what makes our center a success for our clients and we hope to continue recruiting and developing new employees and creating attractive careers for our employees.”

McKinsey has consultancies located in 110 locations and more than 62 countries, the foreign trade ministry said. It spans across all industries and functions and provides strategists, marketing staff and experts to its client customers.