Del Rey
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
Cocal for Jan. 20
Prisma
                  Dental 
Del Rey 220
(506) 2223-1327                                   Published Friday, April 17, 2015, in Vol. 15, No. 75                           Email us
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
Rock construction


Weekend options enhanced by weather forecast
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

With generally good weekend weather predicted for the Central Valley, residents have another chance to enjoy the outdoors all day before the rainy season begins in earnest.

But there also is a display of food products, and anyone in the market for a forklift will want to visit the ExpoIndustrial.

The weekend begins tonight with a 5 p.m. performance of a musical trio at the Teatro Nacional. This is a continuation of a free program at 5 p.m. that spotlights local music groups.

Spanish speakers may want to attend "La Bruta Espera" by Julio Chávez, a presentation of three short plays at the nearby Teatro Vargas Calvo. Show time is at 8 p.m., and there is an admission.

The IV Feria del Gustico Costarricense opens today at the Antigua Aduana on Calle 23 in east San José. Featured are the food products of a number of mostly smaller firms. There are samples. Products such as coffee, bakery goods, jams and jellies and ice cream will be offered, said organizers.

The food fair runs through Sunday.

The Cámera de Industrias organized ExpoIndustrial 2015. The event is at the  Pedregal Event Center through Saturday. A lot of local manufacturers have displays.

Also continuing today through Saturday is the Mercedes Benz Fashion Week San José, which features incredibly thin
food collage

women showing off clothing from Costa Rican manufacturers. This is a Credomatic event, so there is an admission at the Hotel Intercontinental in Escazú.

Watching the burger-challenged young women on the runway is sure to make spectators hungry, so a quick dash to a local restaurant may be in order. A.M. Costa Rica's restaurant directory is available with a link to the right.

The Instituto Meteorológico Nacional said that unstable air would bring a lot of clouds to much of the country. Rain is expected in the central and south Pacific as well as on the Caribbean coast and the northern zone.

But the forecast for the Central Valley is cloudy with isolated showers. Vacationers on the Nicoya peninsula also should see some rain in the afternoon.



Restaurateurs offer their exciting dining options
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica has a dynamic and vibrant restaurant scene. Hundreds of men and women, some of them top chefs, have made major investments to support their culinary creativity.

Their restaurant chamber wants to show English-speaking expats and tourists that cuisine here is much more than rice and beans. The chamber is the Cámara Costarricense de Restaurantes y Afines, which hopes to provide some new dining ideas starting this week.

Jorge Figueroa, owner of the famous Chancay, is chamber president. Alejandro Madrigal is the executive director of the 
chamber, and he has been selected by the central government to direct a national
plan for sustainable and healthy gastronomy.
chamber leaders
Figueroa and Madrigal
These two leaders in the industry want to present some of the country's outstanding eating places to the A.M. Costa Rica readership. The chamber has placed a graphic announcement in the upper right of this page. HERE! The graphic
is linked to a PDF file containing details on a list of top restaurants. Readers can consult this growing file or even download it to remind themselves of the spectacular dining options that may be nearby.

Editors encourage readers to provide feedback on featured restaurants and information on ones that may have been missed. Write restaurants@amcostarica.com.


 
Cacore graphic
Manuel antnio home
Altos
Luna Nueva
Palermo

Today's
colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Search 
our site
Subscribe
to our  daily digest
Real estate
ads
Classified 
ads
Contact
us
Tourism and services Display
ad info
Classified
ad info

Airline
flights

Colonial


Geat Sunrise
Triamigo

Sportmen
Residency

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

HERE!

Retirement title ad


association of residents

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details





A.M. Costa Rica's
 
Second news page


San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 17, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 75

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us



DelRey 300
Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
in  San Isidro del General

March 2015 Special Offer
Del Valley
Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry has been a leader provider of advanced eye care services, eyewear, contact lenses, low vision devices and professional attention.  The preferred provider of quality vision care products and personalized optometric services to our patients in Pérez Zeledón in a comfortable and friendly environment since 2007.
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro del General, Pérez Zeledón,
San José, Costa Rica.
Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8620-6/2/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray


Dr. Lucinda Gray

California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation

CR (506) 2228-2041
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
www.garrettbrokers.com
4/12/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8512-3/15/15

 Accountants

Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant
 
Personalized Service
I will treat your return as I would my own
20 years experience
Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
8636-6/18/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8635-9/12/15

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle
                                              Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15


Remodelling and Construction


Real estate agents and services
CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century
                                                          21

A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
 CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & INT’L NAR certified Realtor Jeff Fisher invites you to see why the time is NOW to buy at prices way below original costs.
#1: SJO Int’l Airport & S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: The Jacó area has everything you need, from

Fisher
Jeff  Fisher
   KFC to Gourmet Organic; from zip lines to bank lines, from a movie house to a fire sale house.
THIS BUSINESS IS NOW FOR SALE DUE TO FAMILY HEALTH:
CONTACT JEFF FOR DETAILS

#3:
BUYERS’ MARKET: Many properties are at their lowest price ever
       *$280,000 Hermosa PALMS Beachfront Community w/Ocean Views !
   JACO AREA FIRE SALES & SUPER DISCOUNTS
Yes we know Costa Rica: Jeff (21 years here), Frances Winborne (23 years), and Junior Diaz (Jacó born & bred),  and we chose the Central Pacific! Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:

www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
JACO Office: IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
 8581-4/5/15

exo graphic
                                                    with text
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jac¢ area

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2643-4065   
cell: +506 8825-6556   US:  626 548-3909
skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

U.S. citizen found dead in Puriscal

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A gunman mlay have killed a U.S. citizen and shot his dogs in Puriscal, agents suspect.  However at least one acquaintance said the man was depressed and perhaps was a suicide victim.

The body of the man was located in the afternoon Thursday by Fuerza Pública officers, and it appeared the corpse had been burned.

The elderly man was identified initially as Robert Lemon Stewart. The body was some distance from his home, officers said. Judicial agents were still at the scene at dusk.

The man raised horses on his land, and the body was found near a stable.

The shooting could have taken place Wednesday night or earlier Thursday. One of the two dogs, survived and was reported in the care of a local veterinarian.

Agents were checking the sprawling home to see if there were items missing to support the theory that the death was a murder and the motive was robbery. They also obtained a firearm at the site of the burned body and said they were submitting the weapon for tests to see if it caused the fatal wound.

Puriscal, like other most rural areas, holds many targets for robbers and home invaders.

Robbers fatally injured a U.S. citizen April 1 on the other side of the country in Tamarindo.


Solís loses controversial chief of staff

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Melvin Jiménez, the controversial chief of staff to President Luis Guillermo Solís, is out of a job.

The former Lutheran bishop served since last May. He managed the presidential campaign for Solís.

Some lawmakers had urged the president to fire Jiménez, who held the title of minister of the Presidencia. The biggest complaint was that he was ineffective as a liaison between the legislature and Casa Presidencial.

A replacement is expected to be named today.

Solís hopes that the replacement will be able to help move a series of  bills for new taxes through the legislative process.


Canadian widow of former president dies

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Marjorie Elliot Sypher, widow of former president Daniel Oduber, has died, the Partido Liberación Nacional said Thursday.

Oduber was president from 1974 to 1978. His wife was a Canadian, and the pair married in Paris.

She spoke four languages, played the piano well and actively participated with her husband in politics, friends said.

Liberación called her a pioneer in the environmental movement. Services were pending.


Home invasion reported in Tibás

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Three men barged into a Tibás home Wednesday night, tied up the three women and a 9 year old who were there, and made off with a safe containing $4,500, said the Judicial Investigating Organization.

The intruders wore motorcycle helmets to hide their identities.

Coincidentally, Fuerza Pública officers detained four men in a car Saturday night in Tibás and found ski masks, firearms, plastic ties and gloves. Two of the four men were detained and only one of those was remanded to preventative detention.




Our reader's opinion
Praise for Christiana Figueres's courage

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

Christiana Figueres just lightly touched on a most inflammatory issue governments are not facing these days -- population reduction.  Nobody in power wants to talk about it.  It doesn't have to be about killing people or even allowing people to die.  It's about simple sanity and personal responsibility around creating new life only in a conscious and responsible way rather than mindlessly, or worse -- mesmerized by the wool being pulled over people's eyes -- warped ideologies designed to maintain wealth and power for a few.

Along with the environment, growing militance and worldwide inequities, etc., it's a hot issue.  It's not surprising than such a backlash of specious misinterpretation would come from those with heavy partisan agendas for maintaining inequities between those who have too much and those who don't have enough.  The few drink champagne while the many don't have clean water.  It's our ideologies and institutions that support and maintain the imbalance.

To my mind, the injustice of extreme inequity is the single core issue that drives all the others, so it's something even less welcome as a topic.  We are challenged as a species to survive by evolving to a level where everyone has everything they need before anyone has too much.  This is not the business of governments.  It has to be accomplished by each of us in our inner thoughts and outer actions and expressed on a world scale, voluntarily.  If leaders want to lead, let them take us in this direction with compassionate hearts.

It's clear that present overpopulation with accelerating population growth is one of the herd of elephants in the living room along with all the pollution and the wars being instigated by greedy and powerful folks who seek only more wealth at everyone else's expense.  It's high time that courageous leaders take stands in favor of humanistic measures to resolve big issues.

Otherwise, humanity simply becomes an infection that eventually destroys the planet, and by killing the host, eradicates itself.  Facing up to hard issues takes courage in a leader.  Figueres is to be commended for her approach.  We need more leaders like her.
Joseph Riden
Alajuela

Press advocate blames Venezuela's Maduro

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The Inter American Press Association has renewed its call to the international community concerning the deterioration of democracy and press freedom in Venezuela, a situation reflected, it said, in discriminatory actions and restrictions continuing to be imposed by the government of Nicolás Maduro against the local critical and independent press.

The statement is a follow up to an open letter addressed to government leaders during the recent 7th Summit of the Americas in Panama, in which the association complained of “the compliant silence” concerning the deteriorating situation in Venezuela.

Association President Gustavo Mohme declared, “Once more we hold President Maduro responsible for curtailing press freedom and the public’s right to information through a special mechanism of persecution and discrimination, set in place with the intent of silencing independent and critical voices.”

Mohme, editor of the Lima, Peru, newspaper La República, stressed that after this denunciation and those that the Inter American Press Association has been making for years now about the deterioration of press freedom in Venezuela “no one can remain indifferent to the announcements by prestigious leading newspapers such as El Correo del Caroní, El Impulso, El Carabobeño, El Nacional and El Regional de Zulia, among others, that in the next few weeks they will cease publishing because the government is not providing them with foreign exchange to import newsprint, or they have to do so through the Alfredo Maneiro Editorial Complex, a state-run company that has a monopoly in the sale and distribution of newsprint and is used as a discriminatory weapon to punish those that maintain a journalism that is independent and true to democratic values.”

There are three means of discrimination applied by the government to independent newspapers, said the Inter American Press Association. They are not provided with foreign exchange to import supplies, they are denied access to newsprint, and they are discriminated against by denying them official advertising provided to other media, giving rise to an unfair competition in detriment to the plurality of voices. All this, on top of the general economic situation that has caused revenue from advertising and circulation to fall to historic low levels, the association said.

The Inter American Press Association said that “the shutdown of newspapers in recent years during this Maduro government, and the possibility that others will be closing, is a responsibility that should weigh upon all the intergovernmental institutions and governments of our Americas, because what is at play is democracy. No one should turn its back on the Venezuelans’ plight.”

El Correo del Caroní, in Ciudad Guayana, explained in an announcement on its Web site Monday that for the first time in 37 years it would be circulating with a different format, due to the crisis in the provision of newsprint that the country was undergoing. It also recalled that the print edition had already been reduced to eight pages since 2014. “We are now forced to migrate to the tabloid format so as to ensure our circulation and the editorial independence that is causing official annoyance,” announced the paper, which given these circumstances will continue to develop its digital platform.


Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica














Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.




















 
From our retirement guide



















Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.


















news paper flag

Del Rey

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 17, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 75
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Tico food
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photos
An assortment of traditional Costa Rican foods from gallos de picadillos, olla de carne and chicken.
Arts festival will be a place to enjoy country's traditional foods, too
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Festival Internacional de las Artes is known for its shows, music, dancing, comedy and other crowd pleasers.

But this year as the cultural event moves into the suburban areas, there also is an emphasis on food. Organizers said that typical Costa Rican dishes will be served. These include  chinchiví, a sugar drink; chicha, a corn drink;  chicharrones, a pork dish; tamales; gallos de picadillos, a chorizo tortilla; tortillas aliñadas, a cheese dish, and gallina enjarrada. The last is a chicken filled with an egg and potato stuffing and cooked wrapped in a banana leaf.

The bulk of the festival events are being held in Acosta, Alajuelita, Aserrí and Desamparados this year. And the local chefs are preparing the food.

For example, the Lions Club in Aserrí will be the vendors there.

The festival is from next Thursday to May 3 and organized by the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud.

Festival officials have provided training for those who will be handling food so they can do so in a professional manner.

As with many countries, the traditional dish is not the same in different areas. That  is true with the traditional Costa Rican foods, even though they may have the same name.

So festival officials are promoting regional variations.

They said they also hope that small businesses will take advantage of the opportunity and that some businesses may endure after the festival has gone.


Multiple probes launched after allegations of Hospital México deaths
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

After the revelation Wednesday by Hospital México's chief cardiology, a handful of agencies are investigating.  The cardiologist, Sofía Bogantes, said that 141 persons had died because the institution was so far behind on operations. She said hundreds still were on waiting lists.

After interviews with the doctor ran on television and were displayed in the major newspapers, prosecutors, the

Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, the Defensoría de los Habitantes and some lawmakers began probes.

The official one is by prosecutors and the Judicial

 Investigating Organization, which took documents, including records of some patients, from the hospital Thursday.

Such investigations are expected to take a long time.

Hospital México in La Uruca handles delicate heart procedures for much of the country. The specific complaint of the doctor is that operations to insert catheters were far behind. The catheters are tubes that are inserted into a vein and used to open up passages for blood flow.

The hospital has been undergoing remodeling for the last year, and there have been many postponements of operations in all areas. It is part of the Caja public health system.


Bomberos on bikes will tour the country with a preventative message
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Five firefighters will celebrate the 150th anniversary of their department by biking more than 1,000 kilometers throughout Costa Rica.

The event starts Sunday in Limón and ends April 29 in Ciudad Neily. The five firefighters, four men and a woman, will visit Tilarán, Santa Cruz,  Guápiles and San Carlos, as

well as other Costa Rican locations.

The bike riders will carry with them a message of preventing fires, said the Cuerpo de Bomberos.

The 10-day effort will include visits to 25 fire stations. All are dedicated bike riders and some have ridden professionally. They are Oscar Molina, Jonathan Monge, Gustavo Sandí, Argiere Chinchilla and Esteban Solano, said the Bomberos.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Del Rey nighlife

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



Fish Fabulous Costa Rica
Del Rey340x218
A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 17, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 75
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Cannibalism confirmed at British archaeological site, researchers say
By the Natural History Museum news staff

Analysis of ancient cadavers confirms the existence of a sophisticated culture of butchering and carving human remains, according to a team of scientists from the Natural History Museum, University College London and a number of Spanish universities.

Gough’s Cave in Somerset was thought to have given up all its secrets when excavations ended in 1992, yet research on human bones from the site has continued in the decades since. After its discovery in the 1880s, the site was developed as a show cave and largely emptied of sediment, at times with minimal archaeological supervision. The excavations uncovered intensively-processed human bones intermingled with abundant butchered large mammal remains and a diverse range of flint, bone, antler, and ivory artefacts.

New radiocarbon techniques have revealed remains were deposited over a very short period of time, possibly during a series of seasonal occupations, about 14,700 years ago.

Silvia Bello from the Natural History Museum’s Department of Earth Sciences, lead researcher of the work said, “The human remains have been the subject of several studies. In a previous analysis, we could determine that the cranial remains had been carefully modified to make skull cups.  During this research, however, we’ve identified a far greater degree of human modification than recorded in earlier. We’ve found undoubting evidence for defleshing, disarticulation, human chewing, crushing of spongy bone, and the cracking of bones to extract marrow.”

The presence of human tooth marks on many of the bones
skull cup
The Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London, photo
This is one of the modified skulls that appears to be a cup.

provides incontrovertible evidence for cannibalism, the
team found. In a wider context, the treatment of the human corpses and the manufacture and use of skull cups at Gough’s Cave has parallels with other ancient sites in central and western Europe. But the new evidence from Gough’s Cave suggests that cannibalism during the Magdalenian period was part of a customary mortuary practice that combined intensive processing and consumption of the bodies with the ritual use of skull cups.

Simon Parfitt, of University College London, said, “A recurring theme of this period is the remarkable rarity of burials and how commonly we find human remains mixed with occupation waste at many sites. Further analysis along the lines used to study Gough's Cave will help to establish whether the type of ritualistic cannibalism practiced there is a regional phenomenon, or a more widespread practice found throughout the Magdalenian world.”


Vacation, travel and hospitality


experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

Anywhere
  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!
8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!


1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!
8577-2/15/15

PRIMO'S SUEŇO CABINAS
La Fortuna
Comfort of your home in the campo, 5 minutes from Fortuna Centro of San Carlos, in the shadow of Volcano Arenal, Flat screen TV, AC, refrigerator, free coffee. Local area activities like four-wheeling, horse riding, zip lining, hot springs, jungle walking tours. Bring your camera for great photos of nature, fishing and swimming, canyoning and wireless internet. Harry Hart, proprietor.  Call for reservations  (506) 2479-8670   and (506) 8682-9219  Email: lagringo2003@yahoo.com
8492-4/1/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8613-6/24/15




Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.



Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com


English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016 
(506) 8309-0173
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 6154-1940 

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
 
grecia
Offer of the month !!  Great opportunity to get this beautiful house. 3 hectares land (equal to 30.000 meters), 750 square meters construction, modern security technology, three floors, internal street, elevator. $ 1.1 million  Click HERE!
Grecia 909
Beautiful house for rent, inside a private property. Very secure. Price $1,500 . See more photos HERE!
Grecia 907
Beautiful house for rent, near to Puente Piedra street . Very secure. Price $1,000 . More photos HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8595-5/18/15

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8656-5/10/15

Jaco
                                                condo
Condo in Jacó for rent
Two-bedroom, 1-bath condominium available for rent starting June 1st in Corteza del Sol in the Quebrada Seca, just across the Costanera from Jacó. 24-hour security, wifi/cable, AC, luxurious amenities, kitchen includes everything you need to cook, gorgeous pools just steps from your front door. 15 minute walk to town or quick bike ride. ¢2,000 taxi to center of town. Short-term renter is fine. Long-term would be great! Looking for someone low-key who will fit in well with the complex. $950/month including cable & internet, NOT INCLUDING ELECTRIC! Call 8725-0344 or email emilyanneaston@gmail.com
8616-4/9/15

Palmares graphic

Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our web page: palmarescostarica.us
8625-5/9/15


Coco
                                                condo
Condo for rent.
Conveniently located just a 200-meter walk to the beach. In the favorite community of Las Palmas, this condo is a perfect vacation home and/or great for vacation rental income.  The condo is located on the 2nd level offering beautiful vaulted ceilings, front and back balcony, pool and mountain view. Screens in every window/door, Air condition in both bedrooms and at living room. The condo is in perfect condition. It has been recently painted and super well-kept, new appliances, fully furnished. Wired to have own washer dryer. It has been the residence of the owners since they built it. Never rented out to third parties. The owners are selling as they are moving to the Central Valley.  The community has a great-size pool and beautiful landscaping and large parking. Just step out your condo and in less than 5-minute walk be swimming in the ocean! A must see! Rate $795 per month. Contact Bob Mobile C.R. ( 506 ) 8392-7520. E-mail: redlclark@aol.com
8602-5/15/15

Maneul
                                                Antonio
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes to chose from, all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, white water rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, have easily accessible parking, cable TV, and Internet and are fully furnished. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation.
Manuel Antonio Estates        TOLL FREE: 1800 346 9724
011 (506) 2777.3339        www.manuelantonioestates.com

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8592-8/18/15

HP
                                                Cattle rentals
Mountain homes or farm for rent
Barva volcano, Heredia province
We offer for rent a gorgeous two-bedroom mountain chalet and a one-bedroom mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude and within a working horse ranch just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance. From our homes one can hike to the Barva volcano crater-lake.  Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and breathtaking views of the Irazú volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of cloud forest bird species to include the resplendent quetzal.  The homes are incomparable in beauty and attention to detail within the Barva highland area.  We are only 35-55 minutes from Costa Rica’s three principal cities (Heredia, Alajuela, and San José), less than two hours from the central Pacific beaches, and three hours from the Caribbean beaches. Enjoy the tranquility of the mountains while maintaining quick access to the conveniences of the city and rapid access to other eco-tourist destinations in Costa Rica. Additionally, we can board your horses at a reasonable fee.  We can also offer our clients rental of a small and fully functional farm complete with stables, pasture, and office space.
Mountain chalet: $750.  Basic mountain home: $400.
Boutique mountain home: One-bedroom $850. Two-bedroom $1,000.
Small Farm that includes a chalet, basic mountain home, stables, and 8,000m2 of pasture/green areas: $1,500.
Contact:  HPCattleCR@aol.com
8425-8/17/14




Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's   Fifth news page
Family home

cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 17, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 75
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Trade promotion authority
advances with lawmakers


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Leaders of a U.S. Senate panel have agreed on legislation to enhance President Barack Obama’s ability to negotiate trade agreements and to ensure that such pacts cannot be altered by Congress. If approved, the bill would boost efforts to forge a trade pact between the United States and 11 Pacific nations. The bill already is being blasted by American labor and environmental groups.

Obama’s trade representative is empowered to negotiate free trade agreements, but congressional approval of such pacts is fraught with danger. Any amendments Congress imposes could send all parties back to the negotiating table or sink an agreement altogether.

Trade promotion authority solves the problem by subjecting trade pacts to an up-or-down vote in Congress with no amendments allowed. That authority existed in the 1990s, when the North American Free Trade Agreement was negotiated and approved but has since expired.

Thursday, Republican and Democratic leaders announced agreement on a bill to restore this authority. Republican Orrin Hatch, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, said, “The renewal of TPA will help American workers and job creators unlock new opportunities for growth and promote better, higher-paying jobs.”

The committee’s top Democrat, Ron Wyden, said, “Opening foreign markets is critical to creating new opportunities for middle-class American Jobs. This bill sets our country on the right track.”

The bill sets forth labor, environmental, and human rights standards designed to attract the support of lawmakers wary of free trade accords. Those measures do not satisfy America’s largest trade umbrella group, the AFL-CIO, whose president, Richard Trumka, said trade authority “would lead to more lost jobs and lower wages.”

Environmental groups are also lining up in opposition to the Trans-Pacific Partnership that would be fast-tracked for approval. Karthik Ganapathy is a spokesman for the group 350.org.

“The trade agreement is a disaster for climate change. Our main objection is that TPP hands even more power to big oil. It is a climate disaster," said Ganapathy.

But Sen. John McCain, a Republican, says the Trans-Pacific Partnership is in America’s economic and geo-strategic interests.

“This vital trade agreement will open new opportunities for trade and level the playing field for American businesses and workers, while sending a powerful strategic signal about America’s commitment to the Asia-Pacific," said McCain.

A fierce legislative battle over trade promotion authority lies ahead with many progressive Democrats already lining up in opposition, along with some Republicans who worry fast track authority cedes congressional power to the executive branch.



Mrs. Clinton seeking trust
in return to Iowa voters


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Back in 2008, Hillary Clinton’s presidential dreams came crashing to earth amid the bucolic rolling farmland of Iowa.  Mrs. Clinton finished a disappointing third in the Iowa Democratic Caucuses behind eventual President Barack Obama and John Edwards and never really recovered.

Mrs. Clinton was back in Iowa this week determined to purge the memories of 2008.

Instead of huge stage-managed rallies befitting the strong frontrunner that she is, Mrs. Clinton opted for a van ride from New York and meetings with small groups of voters in a coffee shop and at a community college.

It was the ultimate soft launch of a presidential bid based on the notion that Mrs. Clinton realizes that no matter how much she is favored, she still has to re-earn voter trust and support well in advance of next year’s caucus and primary voting, which will begin in Iowa.

“Hillary Clinton has to do everything differently than the past,” said analyst Charlie Cook, editor and publisher of the Cook Political Report, a favorite of Washington insiders. “I mean she has got to go out of her way to be different.”

Mrs. Clinton’s second campaign was eagerly embraced by Republican contenders Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky and Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida.

The 43-year old Rubio, a first term senator, announced his candidacy the day after Mrs. Clinton launched her campaign and sought to draw a strong contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s long experience on the U.S. political scene as first lady, senator and secretary of State.

“Too many of our leaders and their ideas are stuck in the 20th century,” he told an enthusiastic crowd of supporters in Miami. “The time has come for our generation to lead the way toward a new American century.”  He added that Mrs. Clinton was a candidate of yesterday and that “yesterday is over and we are never going back.”

The Republican National Committee produced an ominous-sounding ad recounting past Clinton controversies.​

And that is only the beginning, said Republican strategist Ford O’Connell.

“She is going to be a very formidable opponent for whoever the Republicans pick,” he said.

But there was also a warning for Republicans targeting Mrs. Clinton from Karl Rove, former President George W. Bush’s political guru.

He wrote in his weekly column in the Wall Street Journal: “GOP candidates who excel at explaining their vision are more likely to gain voters’ support than candidates whose main purpose is attacking Mrs. Clinton, something Republicans should keep in mind as they select their nominee.”


Naturalized American citizen
faces terrorism indictment


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An Ohio man faces terrorism charges for allegedly training alongside terrorists in Syria and coming back to the United States with the intent to launch attacks on a U.S. military prison.

The man, Abdirahman Sheik Mohamud, 23, of Columbus, was indicted by a federal grand jury Thursday. He was charged with supporting terrorism and making false statements.  He faces up to 38 years in prison if convicted.

Mohamud will plead not guilty at an arraignment today, said his attorney, Sam Shamansky.

Mohamud traveled to Syria in April 2014 where he received training in "shooting weapons, breaking into houses, explosives and hand-to-hand combat," the indictment said.

But before using his training to engage in combat in Syria, the indictment said, Mohamud was instructed by a cleric to return to the United States and commit an act of terrorism.

“Mohamud sought and obtained terrorist training in Syria,” said U.S. Attorney Carter Stewart.  “Upon his return to the United States, he discussed carrying out acts in the United States.”

The Justice Department said Mohamud intended to attack a military base in Texas and "kill three or four American soldiers execution style."

Somali-native Mohamud is a naturalized American citizen. His brother, Abdifatah Aden Mohamud, was killed fighting for the al-Nusra Front in Syria last June.

Mohamud was initially arrested on state terrorism and money-laundering charges in February. Now he will be transferred to federal custody.

Rep. Michael McCaul, a Texas Republican who is chairman of the House Committee on Homeland Security, said Thursday, "This arrest highlights the grave threat we face from returning American jihadists."

Mohamud's indictment is one of several recent cases of involving U.S. citizens attempting to travel overseas to fight in Syria.


Federal officials report
postman was under radar

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson says the man who landed a single-seat helicopter Wednesday on the grounds of the U.S. Capitol literally flew under the radar.

A federal judge charged Doug Hughes, 61, Thursday with violating restricted airspace and illegally flying an unregistered aircraft.

Members of Congress, meanwhile, were demanding to know how it was possible for him to do what he did.

Johnson said Thursday that he wanted to know all the facts before deciding whether to change security procedures. But lawmakers from both parties said they were concerned about what they saw as a security gap.

Rep. Elijah Cummings, a Maryland Democrat, said a major catastrophe could have occurred if there had been a bomb aboard the aircraft.

Sen. Lindsey Graham, a Republican of South Carolina, wanted to know why Hughes was not shot down for violating restricted airspace in Washington.

Johnson said no one wanted to overreact.

"We live in a democracy," he said. "We don't have fences around our airspace, so we've got to find out the right balance between living in a free and open society . . . and the protection of federal buildings."

Hughes. a postman, told the Tampa Bay Times newspaper that he wanted to carry out an act of civil disobedience to bring attention to campaign finance reform and what he said was government corruption.

He flew the small gyrocopter 132 kilometers from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, straight into downtown Washington and settled a few hundred meters from the Capitol while stunned tourists watched. He was carrying letters to all 535 members of Congress.

A friend of Hughes tipped off the Secret Service about what Hughes was planning to do. An agent then interviewed Hughes at his Florida home and apparently determined that Hughes was not a threat, violent or suicidal.

Airspace around Washington has been highly restricted since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the Pentagon and New York's World Trade Center. Any aircraft flying into the restricted zone risks being shot down.


Andramada
National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Jet Propulsion Lab photo
This is a colored image of the infrared emission from the Great Galaxy in Andromeda.

Massive infrared search fails
to find advanced civilizations


By the National Aeronautics and Space Administration news staff

After searching 100,000 galaxies for signs of highly advanced extraterrestrial life, a team of scientists using observations from an orbiting observatory has found no evidence of civilizations.

"The idea behind our research is that, if an entire galaxy had been colonized by an advanced spacefaring civilization, the energy produced by that civilization's technologies would be detectable in mid-infrared wavelengths -- exactly the radiation that the WISE satellite was designed to detect for other astronomical purposes," said Jason T. Wright, an assistant professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds at Penn State University, who conceived of and initiated the research.

The research team's first paper will be published in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Also among the team's discoveries are some mysterious new phenomena in Earth's own Milky Way galaxy.

"Whether an advanced spacefaring civilization uses the large amounts of energy from its galaxy's stars to power computers, space flight, communication, or something we can't yet imagine, fundamental thermodynamics tells us that this energy must be radiated away as heat in the mid-infrared wavelengths," Wright said. "This same basic physics causes your computer to radiate heat while it is turned on."

Theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson proposed in the 1960s that advanced alien civilizations beyond Earth could be detected by the telltale evidence of their mid-infrared emissions. It was not until space-based telescopes like the WISE satellite that it became possible to make sensitive measurements of this radiation emitted by objects in space.

Roger Griffith, a researcher at Penn State and the lead author of the paper, scoured almost the entire catalog of the WISE satellite's detections -- nearly 100 million entries -- for objects consistent with galaxies emitting too much mid-infrared radiation. He then individually examined and categorized around 100,000 of the most promising galaxy images.

"We found about 50 galaxies that have unusually high levels of mid-infrared radiation," Wright said. "Our follow-up studies of those galaxies may reveal if the origin of their radiation results from natural astronomical processes, or if it could indicate the presence of a highly advanced civilization."

In any case, Wright said, the team's non-detection of any obvious alien-filled galaxies is an interesting and new scientific result. "Our results mean that, out of the 100,000 galaxies that WISE could see in sufficient detail, none of them is widely populated by an alien civilization using most of the starlight in its galaxy for its own purposes. That's interesting because these galaxies are billions of years old, which should have been plenty of time for them to have been filled with alien civilizations, if they exist. Either they don't exist, or they don't yet use enough energy for us to recognize them," Wright said.

"This research is a significant expansion of earlier work in this area," said Brendan Mullan, director of the Buhl Planetarium at the Carnegie Science Center in Pittsburgh and a member of the team. "The only previous study of civilizations in other galaxies looked at only 100 or so galaxies, and wasn't looking for the heat they emit. This is new ground."

Matthew Povich, an assistant professor of astronomy at Cal Poly Pomona, and a co-investigator on the project, said "Once we had identified the best candidates for alien-filled galaxies, we had to determine whether they were new discoveries that needed follow-up study, or well-known objects that had a lot of mid-infrared emission for some natural reason."

Jessica Maldonado, a Cal Poly Pomona undergraduate, searched the astronomical literature for the best of the objects detected as part of the study to see which were well known and which were new to science. "Ms. Maldonado discovered that about a half dozen of the objects are both unstudied and really interesting looking," Povich said.

"When you're looking for extreme phenomena with the newest, most sensitive technology, you expect to discover the unexpected, even if it's not what you were looking for," said Steinn Sigurdsson, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Penn State's Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds and a co-investigator on the research team. "Sure enough, Roger and Jessica did find some puzzling new objects. They are almost certainly natural astronomical phenomena, but we need to study them more carefully before we can say for sure exactly what's going on."

Among the discoveries within the Milky Way galaxy are a bright nebula around the nearby star 48 Librae, and a cluster of objects easily detected by WISE in a patch of sky that appears totally black when viewed with telescopes that detect only visible light. "This cluster is probably a group of very young stars forming inside a previously undiscovered molecular cloud, and the 48 Librae nebula apparently is due to a huge cloud of dust around the star, but both deserve much more careful study," Povich said.

"As we look more carefully at the light from these galaxies," said Wright, "we should be able to push our sensitivity to alien technology down to much lower levels, and to better distinguish heat resulting from natural astronomical sources from heat produced by advanced technologies. This pilot study is just the beginning."


Putin is generally upbeat
in his call-in TV program


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Vladimir Putin painted a rosy picture of the Russian economy Thursday, but economic experts say that its fortunes still will be weighed down by low world oil prices and the effect of Western sanctions imposed on Moscow because of its intervention in the Ukrainian conflict.

During a four-hour call-in show televised nationwide, Putin said the Russian economy, predicted by its central bank to contract by as much as 5 percent this year, could advance again in less than two years. That is faster than he predicted when the United States and European countries first announced the sanctions last year.

Despite last year’s devaluation, "the ruble has stabilized and strengthened," Putin said. "Experts believe that we have passed the peak of the problems. Nothing burst and everything is working."

Thursday's call-in show is an annual event, now in its 13th year, in which Putin takes questions from Russian audiences.

The wide-ranging event focused heavily on the country's contracting economy and the impact of Western sanctions and falling global oil prices. But it also included Putin's observations about Russia's strained relationship with the United States, the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine and the February murder of Kremlin critic Boris Nemtsov.

His message generally was optimistic about Russia and critical of the United States.

"If we preserve a stable situation in domestic politics, preserve the current consolidation of society, we shouldn't fear any threats," said Putin, who enjoys 80 percent approval ratings in his country.


Hacker gets three years
for computer intrusions

 
Special to A.M. Costa Rica
 
A member of the SwaggSec hacking group was sentenced Thursday to three years in federal prison for participating in a series of computer attacks that compromised computer systems at DirecTV, Farmers Insurance and the Los Angeles Department of Public Works.

The man, Mario Patrick Chuisano, 32, of Staten Island, New York, who used the online monikers “fame” and “infam0us,” was sentenced in Los Angeles by U. S. District Judge S. James Otero.

In addition to the prison term, Judge Otero ordered Chuisano to pay $2,662,438.80 in restitution to the three victims.

Chuisano pleaded guilty in June 2014 to conspiracy to intentionally cause damage to a protected computer, as well as to possession of an unregistered firearm, namely a sawed-off shotgun. In addition to the sawed-off shotgun that was discovered in Chuisano’s residence during the execution of a search warrant, agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation recovered an unregistered handgun, brass knuckles, and equipment that could be used to manufacture counterfeit credit and debit cards, according to court documents.

During 2012 and 2013, SwaggSec, or Swagg Security, carried out a series of computer attacks and released some of the information stolen from the compromised systems through an eponymous social media account.

When he pleaded guilty last year, Chuisano, a self-taught hacker, admitted that he installed a remote access trojan installed on the computer of an insurance agent and that he used the trojan to gain access to the computer and steal reports and documents related to sales agents, as well as thousands of sent and received e-mails and passwords from Farmers Insurance.

SwaggSec is believed to have patterned itself after the similarly named LulzSec, a group of computer hackers who carried out a series of high-profile computer attacks in 2011.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

solar
       
CR SOLAR gives you…
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: Simple, reliable, installation without batteries or complicated central inverters that limit expansion and downgrade your system with one shady panel.
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: so flexible; you can begin saving with a third of a system, then add as you go with your savings!

Think of it this way: cash in a CD paying 7% and get 15% to 25% from the Sun!  What better way to lower your electric bill than with a Quality Solar System from CR Solar?    Ask about our BEST HI END Solar Hot Water Heaters. 
2446-0543           8898-9398                8314-8090
CALL US TODAY!
8553-6/22/15

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica





Visit our Web Page:
www.mafirealestate.com


If you do not find you are looking for in our page, contact us, WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.

English Calls:
Miguel Fiatt Sauma 
or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000

Send us your request to our
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16
Mafri one
Beautiful house in Santa Ana, Valley and mountain view. Price: $1,300,000. Single story, bedrooms. 5 baths. Double-size garage: 360 m2. Lot: 4,487 m2. 
Click HERE!

Mafri two
San Isidro de Heredia. Great lot with 3 houses. $3,200,000 single story. 1,505 m2 Lot: 37,419m2  Click HERE!
Mafri three
Finca Las Trufas, San Ramon-Esparza, Price: $3,900,000 Farm and ranch. Single story 1,500 m2. on 25 hectares Click HERE!

CoopeAgri

CoopeAgri Real Estate

The best option in real estate services in southern Costa Rica and the South Pacific coast. We are professionals promoting properties such as farms, lots, ranches, commercial premises, homes and apartments, through our advertising and marketing services.
Are you buying a property? Our experienced team is ready to help you to find the right place. Are you selling? We are experts selling properties.  Keep it simple. Don't waste your time. We are  the best local and international listing.  Contact us, and we will be glad to assist you!
E-mail: bienesraices@coopeagri.co.cr
Local CR Phones: (506) 2785-0282 or  (506) 2785-0278
CLICK HERE 
8563-4.15.15

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8554-6/15/14

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8655-10/21/15

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8661-6/20/15

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8657-7/14/15

Orosi
Costa Rica Villas For Sale
*In 2009 this property appraisal for $240,000  (two hundred forty thousand).
*Located in Paraiso, Cartago, Costa Rica.
*We spent over $70,000 in renovating the villa.
*The first floor has renters with a year lease. They pay $200 a month.
*Health reasons need to return to the U.S.A.
*One of Costa Rica famous waterfalls, 100 yards in front of the villa.
*I'll sell this property for $189,000.
*Visit my Web site www.costaricavalleyhotel.com
Contact in Costa Rica:  Cray phone (506) 8977-2777
Contact in USA: Billy phone  001 (678) 576-5107
8652-5/7/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

Shangra la
Located in Jacó in the best and safest location possible, at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.

Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for birds and other animals. 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built in year 2005 to highest standard by German owner now 69 years old, who wants to downgrade. Room for two more apartments, plans approved. Only 6 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jacó.  Price reduced for quick sale to $1,150.000 and still negotiable. All fittings and furniture included. Excellent quality and well maintained. Just upgraded and remodeled for $ 30,000. Owner financing available.  More photos on request HERE! Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  Cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8648-7/29/14

Motel–Hotel
Choice 4.5 hectaares. Waterfront, titled property. Financing available for motel or hotel. Water and power on the property. $35 a  m2. In Tropical Paradise Resort. Buy all or Part at  Puerto Viejo, Limón. Call Andy at andreas_meyn@shaw.ca
8646-4/30/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8643-4/16/15

ARenal home
Lake Arenal near San Luis and Tilarán

2 bedrooms & 2.5 baths - $279,000

Lake Arenal home (90 yards from lake) in a private 17-home gated community named Buena Vista 1 with full-time guards and views of Tenorio Volcano, Miravalles Volcano, Rincón de la Vieja Volcano and of course, Lake Arenal. This Lake Arenal climate zone provides temperatures of 75 to 85 degrees (23 to 29 C) year round, so there is NO need for heating or air conditioning and the $100's per month for fuel and energy costs !!!!! This is our property www.La-Tigra.com/L42 and you can see other Lake Arenal Properties at www.La-Tigra.com/lake
8640-4/20/15

volacano
The price is right!  Asking only $140,000 with terms, but your cash offer will buy it for less in this distress sale.  This clean and modern two-bedroom, one-bath home wastes none of its 102 m2 and the very large 1,129 m2 lot was intended for an apartment project that divorce terminated prematurely.  The emotionally-bruised owner has returned to the U.S., never to return to Costa Rica, has no heart to manage even this very desirable rental property from a distance, just wants out.  Her plan was excellent, but now someone else gets to benefit instead.  Only a three-minute walk to central park in La Fortuna yet quiet and private, the property features a superb volcano view.  Perfect for the future retiree who wants to buy now and have the property carry itself until that time comes while earning perhaps 6%-12% on their investment in the meantime, or for today’s retiree who wants to build the apartments and retire on a very comfortable income.  Not everyone’s cup of tea but money to be made for the right person.  For interior pix email lafortunaguy@gmail.com or phone 8377-8402.
8631-4/18/15

Finca home
 Little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal, Costa Rica.       

16 acres (approximately.)   Price: $599,000USD
We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 k) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos.  We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. For more  information: In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 720-951-7928 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call: Ivo Henfling at Godutch Realty: 2289-5125/8834-4515 ivo@godutchrealty.com
8524-6/5/15

cndo rollover
NEAR SANTA ANA and #27.

In Alajuela , Penthouse in best location with views from all rooms. Quiet and private. Cheap to run. Extra large kitchen and balcony. Financing possible. Completely well furnished with $20,000 cost, including custom large kitchen and many cabinets. 10 minutes to Multiplaza, airport and close to highway 27, beach 45 minutes. 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms + office. Open plan granite kitchen to living room. Wheelchair accessible, covered parking place by entrance. Large pool, jacuzzi, gym and tennis. Areas for walking and running. The best location in the complex. Close to all and only $127/month maintenance. Price $125,000. Write or call at: barrycor@racsa.co.cr  8391-2080, 2220-2243.
8614-3/24/15

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:  
Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085  
Email: costarenas@ice.co.cr   Web: www.costa-arenas.com
8573-4/15/15

Atenas home
This developer's prime lot with super house is being offered in Roca Verde, 7,006 M2 of gentle grade, all landscaped for tropical effect, 3 bedrooms 2 baths with tile floors and hardwood kitchen, near the entrance of the neighborhood. Great floor plan on this one! There is a double carport, and a large patio and pool, wheelhouse style living room and many other features. View, large usable lot, close to town, nice, oh yeah. $495,000. http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H392.html
8542-12/17/14

Maneul Antonio
Manuel Antonio Estates focuses on building vacation homes for clients within Manuel Antonio Estates and Palmas Pacifica. We take care of the details from permits and design to supervision of construction and management of the rentals, if needed. We provide privacy and security, and our gated community offers shared common recreational facilities, beautiful landscaping and parking areas. Our homes and lots are located just minutes from the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. If you've ever considered buying a second home, just minutes from the beach, do not hesitate, if you have any questions or would like to request more information please take full advantage of our Costa Rica real estate services and contact us today!
Manuel Antonio Estates    1 800 346-9724  (506) 8815-9606. www.manuelantonioestates.com
8515-2/16/14

Ciudad Colon
Great Deal!! Apartment in condo with pool and extensive green areas:
Ciudad Colón, San José $112,000
The apartment has a master bedroom with a large ensuite bathroom with bath tub, and a smaller second bedroom/office with air conditioning. It has a second full bathroom, living/dining room, laundry room with hot water tank and storage area. The kitchen comes with granite countertops, a breakfast bar and new dishwasher. It has 82 m2 of construction. 2 balconies with beautiful views of the river and mountains. Private parking for one car. Elevator and a well presented reception area. Located in a very quiet and private neighborhood just 400 meters from the centre of Ciudad Colón. Within minutes to all major amenities in Santa Ana and Escazú. Easy access to the beach (less than 1.5 hrs).  24-hour security, visitor parking, pool, extensive and lush green areas, BBQ area, children’s playground and its own water treatment plant. Contact (506) 6022-9294 or 6022-9967, orbec12@gmail.com for further info or to arrange a viewing.
8509-xxx

Suenos montage
Outrageous blowout prices on oceanfront condos in Los Sueños!

Located in the private Bay Residence enclave overlooking the Pacific Ocean in Los Sueños Resort and Marina, there are three gorgeous units available at unbelievable bargain pricing from $589,000.  All of these beautiful units are three bedrooms and two baths, 2,200 square feet, fully furnished and ready to move in.  Development includes a gym, access to 3 pools, jacuzzis, BBQ areas and the Beach Club.  If you’ve always wanted to own in Los Sueños, now is the time!  Contact Karen@remax-ocr.com  or call 8702-0778.  From U.S. call 209-482-1788.

Top floor unit: $649,000   Second floor unit: $675,000  Garden unit: $589,000
8500-1/3/15

Newly available in Roca Verde
Atenas
Well-built home of 215 m2, 3 bedrooms, two bath on 1,150 m2 of lot, with attractive rock retaining wall, carport, and a pool. Indoors there are high, vaulted hardwood ceiling, bright rooms, a laundry room.  The floor is ceramic tile in pastel shades. $247,000. Photos: http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H326.html 2446-5587. ldrock@gmail.com
8499-q11/3/14

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya.7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 ft. elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet. $199,000 Contact mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8482-2/11/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
FOR SALE  5,200 M2  ESCAZÚ
Fantastic location for condo/ hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot. incredible views. Flexible zoning $2.3 M 
hotel
Easy to get liquor license.
Low interest financing
http://www.hotel4salecostarica.com/
http://www.hotelsescazu.com/
hotelescazu@aol.com
Call Bruce at: (506) 8307-0164.
8632-4/11/15

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:   Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085   Email: costarenas@ice.co.cr   Web: www.costa-arenas.com
8573-4/15/15

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 17, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 75
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute









BBC news feed are disabled on archived pages.




















Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
poplar
Manchester University photo                    
This is a cross section of a poplar.

Tree growth was doubled, professor says

By the Manchester University news staff

Scientists at The University of Manchester have discovered a way to make trees grow bigger and faster, which could increase supplies of renewable resources and help trees cope with the effects of climate change.

In the study, published in Current Biology, the team successfully manipulated two genes in poplar trees in order to make them grow larger and more quickly than usual.

Simon Turner from the Faculty of Life Sciences led the research: “The rate at which trees grow is determined by the rate of cell division in the stem. We have identified two genes that are able to drive cell division in the stem and so override the normal growth pattern.

“Although, this needs be tested in the field, this discovery paves the way for generating trees that grow more quickly and so will contribute to meeting the needs for increased plant biomass as a renewable source of biofuels, chemicals and materials while minimizing further CO2 release into the atmosphere.”

The genes, called PXY and CLE, control the growth of a tree trunk. When overexpressed, making them more active than in their normal state, the trees grew twice as fast as normal and were taller, wider and had more leaves.

As well as the potential to increase biomass supplies for the growing biofuel and industrial biotechnology sectors, the discovery could help plants deal with the environmental consequences of climate change.

Turner adds: “Our work offers the possibility we may be able to maintain a fast growth rate even in the face of adverse and changeable environmental conditions that all plants are likely to be faced with.

“Most plants, including crops, respond to adverse environmental conditions with lower growth rates that result in correspondingly lower yields. Understanding how the plants respond to environmental signals and to what extent we are able to manipulate them to override these signals is likely to be very important for continued improvements to crop performance. In future it may be possible that manipulating the expression of the PXY and CLE genes can override environmental signals that normally alter plant growth.

“This is something that needs to be tested in the field, but offers a potential way forward for what is one of the most pressing challenges of the day.”

The team now plans to work with a forest products company to test their findings in the field.

The work builds on a previous study from 2010 in which the team identified the role of the genes involved, in the plant Arabidopsis.

Costa Rican News
AMCostaRicaArchives.com
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
CostaRicaReport.com
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


From  Page 7:

Trade pact with Jamaica to enter into force

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Jamaica has ratified a free trade treaty that Costa Rica has with the Caribbean Community and Common Market. The treaty will enter into force in Jamaica June 1, said the Ministerio de Comercio Exterior.

Four countries, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados and Belize, already have active agreements.

Alexander Mora, Jamaica's trade minster, was in the country to discuss the agreement.

The Caribbean community is the fifth largest market for Costa Rica, and Jamaica holds second place in the community with regard to Costa Rican trade, the ministry said.