Del Rey
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
Cocal for Jan. 20
Prisma Dental 
Del Rey 220
(506) 2223-1327                                   Published Wednesday, April 15, 2015, in Vol. 15, No. 73                           Email us
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
Rock construction


Country's tax take has soared over 23 years
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The tax man takes nearly a quarter of Costa Rica's gross domestic product, and the percentage has risen in 23 years from 16.1 to 23.6 in 2013, according to a report prepared by multiple international agencies.

During the same periods, Costa Rica has increased dramatically its government spending and financial deficit.

The government is expected to seek in a week or two more taxes.

The  Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean said that the tax revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean have remained stable in 2013 and continue to be considerably lower, as a proportion of national incomes, than in most countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation mainly are high-tax European countries. Denmark, for example, takes  48.6 percent of the value of its citizens goods and services. The Organisation was one of a handful of international agencies that created the tax report.

In 2013 the gross domestic product of Costa Rica was $49.62 billion, according to the World Bank. In 1960, the amount was just $10.57 billion. So the tax take for the government was about $11.7 billion in 2013, according to the commission statistics.

Wide national variations exist across Latin American and Caribbean countries, said the commission, a U.N. agency. In 2013, the tax-to-gross domestic product ratios for the 20 countries of the region ranged from Brazil (35.7 percent) and Argentina (31.2 percent), to 14 percent in the Dominican Republic and 13 percent in Guatemala.

In 2013 Costa Rica with a 1.2 percent increase in the ratio was one of the four countries with the largest jump.

The report showed that tax revenues rose significantly across the Latin American and Caribbean region from 1990 to 2013.

The average tax to gross domestic product ratio increased by 7 percentage points, from 14.4 to 21.3 percent.

With strong growth over the past 20 years, general consumption taxes, mainly value-added and sales taxes, accounted for 32.3 percent of tax revenues in Latin American and Caribbean countries in 2012, the commission said.

The use of the tax-to-gross domestic product ratio is a way of making comparisons among countries.  Over the period of the report, the country totals of the gross domestic products increased dramatically, too.

Costa Rica is seeking to become a member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The organization encourages a higher tax bite.


Restaurateurs offer their exciting dining options
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica has a dynamic and vibrant restaurant scene. Hundreds of men and women, some of them top chefs, have made major investments to support their culinary creativity.

Their restaurant chamber wants to show English-speaking expats and tourists that cuisine here is much more than rice and beans. The chamber is the Cámara Costarricense de Restaurantes y Afines, which hopes to provide some new dining ideas starting today.

Jorge Figueroa, owner of the famous Chancay, is chamber president. Alejandro Madrigal is the executive director of the 
chamber, and he has been selected by the central government to direct a national
plan for sustainable and healthy gastronomy.
chamber leaders
Figueroa and Madrigal
These two leaders in the industry want to present some of the country's outstanding eating places to the A.M. Costa Rica readership. The chamber has placed a graphic announcement in the upper right of this page. HERE! The graphic
is linked to a PDF file containing details on top restaurants. Readers can consult this growing file or even download it to remind themselves of the spectacular dining options that may be nearby.

Editors encourage readers to provide feedback on featured restaurants and information on ones that may have been missed. Write restaurants@amcostarica.com.


 
Cacore graphic
Manuel antnio home
Altos
Finca Lun Nueva
Palermo

Today's
colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Search 
our site
Subscribe
to our  daily digest
Real estate
ads
Classified 
ads
Contact
us
Tourism and services Display
ad info
Classified
ad info

Airline
flights

Colonial


Geat Sunrise
Triamigo

Sportmen
Residency

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

HERE!

Retirement title ad


association of residents

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details




A.M. Costa Rica's
 
Second news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 15, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 73

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us



DelRey 300
Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
in  San Isidro del General

March 2015 Special Offer
Del Valley
Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry has been a leader provider of advanced eye care services, eyewear, contact lenses, low vision devices and professional attention.  The preferred provider of quality vision care products and personalized optometric services to our patients in Pérez Zeledón in a comfortable and friendly environment since 2007.
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro del General, Pérez Zeledón,
San José, Costa Rica.
Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8620-6/2/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray


Dr. Lucinda Gray

California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation

CR (506) 2228-2041
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
www.garrettbrokers.com
4/12/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8512-3/15/15

 Accountants

Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant
 
Personalized Service
I will treat your return as I would my own
20 years experience
Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
8636-6/18/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8635-9/12/15

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle
Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15


Remodelling and Construction


Real estate agents and services
CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century 21

A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
 CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & INT’L NAR certified Realtor Jeff Fisher invites you to see why the time is NOW to buy at prices way below original costs.
#1: SJO Int’l Airport & S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: The Jacó area has everything you need, from

Fisher
Jeff  Fisher
   KFC to Gourmet Organic; from zip lines to bank lines, from a movie house to a fire sale house.
#3: BUYERS’ MARKET: Many properties are at their lowest price ever
       *$280,000 Hermosa PALMS Beachfront Community w/Ocean Views !
   JACO AREA FIRE SALES & SUPER DISCOUNTS
Yes we know Costa Rica: Jeff (21 years here), Frances Winborne (23 years), and Junior Diaz (Jacó born & bred),  and we chose the Central Pacific! Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:

www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
JACO Office: IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
 8581-4/5/15

exo graphic
with text
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jac¢ area

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2643-4065   
cell: +506 8825-6556   US:  626 548-3909
skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

Endangered frogs get new rescue center

By the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute news staff

The Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute are working together as part of the Panama Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Project.

The scientists have opened a new safe haven for endangered amphibians. The state-of-the-art, $1.2 million amphibian center at the research institute’s Gamboa field station is the largest amphibian conservation facility of its kind in the world. The new center expands on the capacity of the El Valle amphibian conservation center to implement a national strategy to conserve Panama’s amphibian biodiversity by creating captive assurance populations.

Panamá is a biodiversity hotspot for amphibians with more than 200 species of frogs, salamanders and caecilians. For the past 20 years, however, many of Panama’s unique and endemic amphibian species have declined or disappeared as a result of the deadly chytrid fungus that has spread throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.

In fact, a third of amphibian species in Panama are considered threatened or endangered. Amphibian conservationists around the world have been working to establish captive populations of the world’s most vulnerable amphibian species to safeguard them from extinction. Since 1980, 122 amphibian species are thought to have gone extinct worldwide, compared to just five bird species and no mammals during the same period.

“Our biggest challenge in the race to save tropical amphibians has been the lack of capacity,” said Brian Gratwicke, amphibian scientist at the  Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and international coordinator of the project. “This facility will allow us to do so much more. We now have the space needed to safeguard some of Panama’s most vulnerable and beautiful amphibians and to conduct the research needed to reintroduce them back to the wild.”

The center features a working lab for scientists, a quarantine space for frogs collected from the wild and amphibian rescue pods capable of holding up to 10 species of frogs. In the working lab, scientists will continue research focusing on things like a cure for chytrid.

They published findings last month in Proceedings of the Royal Society showing that certain Panamanian golden frogs were able to survive infection with chytrid as a result of a unique skin-microbe community already living on their skin.

Seven amphibian rescue pods house the amphibian collection and colonies of insects needed to feed them. Amphibian rescue pods are constructed from recycled shipping containers that were once used to move frozen goods around the world and through the Panama Canal. They have been retrofitted to become mini-ecosystems with customized terrariums for each frog species.

The new rescue lab will be crucial to ongoing breeding efforts and breakthroughs, such as the successful hatching of an Andinobates geminisae froglet. Scientists hatched the first A. geminisae froglet in human care in one of the amphibian rescue pods at the existing Gamboa amphibian conservation center. The tiny poison frog species, smaller than a dime, was discovered and described for the first time in Panamá in 2014.

They simulated breeding conditions in a rescue pod. The new facility will provide much-needed space to grow and expand, allowing them to build  populations for many more species. A small exhibition niche provides a window directly into an active rescue pod, where visitors can see rescued frogs and scientists as they work to conserve these endangered frogs.

The project is a partnership between the Houston Zoo, Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, Zoo New England and the Smithsonian organizations.


Hotels at beaches did best, study says

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Hotels in prime beach areas had about four of every five rooms occupied over Semana Santa.

The Cámara Costarricense de Hoteles reported the results of its post-holiday survey Tuesday and said that hotels at the beach and in the mountains averaged about 84 percent occupancy.

Hotels near beaches registered 91 percent occupancy, said the chamber, with Guanacaste leading the way with an overall 87 percent.

As expected, hotels in the Central Valley did not enjoy the holiday bonus. The average there was 64 percent.

 The Caribbean also was lower than average with a reported occupancy of  73 percent. The south Pacific hotels said 78 percent, said the chamber.


hearing
Ministerio de Relaciones Exterores y Culto photo          
Panel of judges in The Hague hear the testimony.

Testimony resumes on Isla Portillos

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican litigators were back at the World Court in The Hague Tuesday in the long-running dispute over three square kilometers of land along the Río San Juan.

The original case came before the international court in November 2010. No decision is expected for at least one more year.

This is the case in which the government of Nicaragua originally based its claim on a Google map that later was declared inaccurate.

Costa Rica presented its case in two sessions Tuesday. It told the court that Nicaragua dredged the river, occupied Costa Rican territory with soldiers, destroyed trees and wetlands and dug a canal through Costa Rican territory.

The 19th century treaty on which the country's northern border is based has an unusual twist. The international boundary is not the center of the river but the south bank. So if Nicaragua were successful in punching through the Isla Portillo a channel to the Caribbean, the river would widen it and the Costa Rican land to the north would become Nicaraguan.

The mouth of the Río San Juan is silted up, so a clear channel to the Caribbean would facilitate development along the Nicaraguan Caribbean coast and along the river.

The hearing is supposed to last until May 1. Nicaragua claims Costa Rica damaged the river by constructing a roadway along the south bank. This is the infamous route that has resulted in criminal charges of corruption.

Costa Rican officials said they are confident of a decision in their favor based on maps, documents, and decades of history to support the country's claim.


Budget cut advances amid criticism

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A legislative committee has reported out a 60 billion-colon cut in the current budget.

But the proposed reduction is not without criticism.  The cuts would reduce the budgets of  Educación, Salud, Justicia, the Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones and the Judiciary. The amount is about $114 million.

Rocío Sáenz Madrigal, who now is the executive director of the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social, said the proposed $12 million cut in her agency would affect the nation's effort to crack down on tobacco.

U.S. motorist carried lots of beer

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública said they suspect that a U.S. motorist was smuggling when they found 96 containers of beer in his vehicle.

The vehicle was inspected at the Kilometer 35 checkpoint at Guaycará de Golfito.

Officers said they suspected the man of smuggling the beer from Panamá.

Crime is not strictly a male occupation

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Equal rights appear to extend to robberies.

The Fuerza Pública said Tuesday that its officers had detained a 15-year-old girl after another minor was robbed at gunpoint in the central canton of Heredia.

The 15-year-old suspect had a .25 caliber pistol on her person when detained, police said. Stolen was a cell phone which police recovered, they said.

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica









Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.



























 
From our retirement guide















Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

















news paper flag

Del Rey

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details





A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 15, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 73
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
bandeleon
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo                                              
Adrián Ruggiero of  Violentango displays the bandeleon.
Arts festival music will feature musical groups from Latin America
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The music will not be your grandfather's tango at the Festival Internacional de las Artes.

One of the invited groups is Violentango, which is scheduled for four shows. The 9-year-old group from Argentina may include a bandeleon, the classical tango instrument, but the music is fusion.

Critics say the group appeals to a new generation with what is called modern tango, a fusion of jazz, progressive rock, folklore and world music.

The arts festival said that groups from Brasil, Chile,

Colombia, Guatemala, México, Nicaragua and Uruguay, as well as Argentina would perform. 

The music runs from reggae to ska, all with a Latin twist.

For the first time the festival will be mostly outside of the central canton of San José. Locations in Aserrí, Alajuelita, Acosta and Desamparados will host events as part of the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud's effort to bring music to the areas outside the capital. The festival runs from April 23 until May 3.

However, some shows will be downtown at the Centro Nacional de la Cultura on Avenida 7.

The schedule is HERE!



More space goes into service at Juan Santamaría airport in Alajuela
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Aeris Holding Costa Rica has added $4 million of new space to the Juan Santamaría terminal.

The company said that the two-story space will be used for more commercial ventures and also provide a new access to the boarding lounges.

The new space is about 2,800 square meters.  The new area also will house the airport's operation centers and the emergency management center, said the airport concession holder.

Aeris runs the airport under the jurisdiction of the government's  Consejo Técnico de Aviación Civil.  The airport handles nearly 4 million passengers a year.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Del Rey nighlife

  Page One is HERE!     Page 2 is HERE!  Page 4 is HERE!  
   Page 5 is  HERE!     Page 6 is HERE!  Page 7 is HERE! Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE! 
Plus useful links
NEXT
PAGE


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



Fish Fabulous Costa Rica
Del Rey340x218
A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 15, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 73
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Another insect threat to Central American pine trees finally identified
By the  U.S. Forest Service news staff

A newly-discovered species of Mesoamerican tree-killing bark beetle, Dendroctonus mesoamericanus Armendáriz-Toledano and Sullivan, has been described in a paper published online in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America by a group of researchers that includes a U.S. Forest Service scientist.

Numerous and diverse studies by a research team that includes members from the U.S., Mexico, and Norway determined the organism to be a species new to science and provided  information needed to manage the insect, which may share responsibility with the southern pine beetle for catastrophic damage to pines of Central America in recent years.

Authors of the description paper include Brian Sullivan, research entomologist with the U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station, Francisco Armendáriz-Toledano, graduate student with the Instituto Politécnico Nacional in Mexico City; Gerardo Zúñiga of the Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Lawrence Kirkendall of the University of Bergen, Norway, and Alicia Niño, graduate student at El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Chiapas, Mexico.

Bark beetles of the genus Dendroctonus rank high among the most destructive conifer pests and include the southern pine beetle, which attacks pines from New Jersey to Texas and south to Nicaragua, as well as the mountain pine beetle recently causing extensive tree mortality in the western U.S. and Canada. In recent decades, massive beetle attacks in Central America attributed to southern pine beetle have led to declines in pine forests and multimillion dollar losses in timber, recreation, and other ecosystem services.

Sullivan and fellow researchers found that not all of these losses could be attributed to southern pine beetle.  Kirkendall first proposed this beetle as a new species in 2002 but was only able to provide limited evidence.

The studies Sullivan did between 2006 and 2010 on the pheromone and body wax chemistry of the beetle provided clear biological evidence that it was a species new to science.

These findings stimulated subsequent interest and research.  Extension and forest health education programs in the Central American region have already begun to include information on the Mesoamerican pine beetle.

"We found in research with our cooperators in Mexico and Norway that insects previously identified as southern pine beetles are actually two different species,  southern pine beetle and the newly identified mesoamerican pine beetle," said Sullivan. "The new species is nearly indistinguishable from the southern pine beetle. The two species appear to work in cooperation to kill trees, and outbreaks by both may be more persistent and destructive than those by southern pine beetle alone."

Southern and Mesoamerican pine beetles do differ in several respects. The Mesoamerican adults tend to be somewhat
beetle
U.S. Forest Service/Brian Sullivan
Adult Mesoamerican pine beetle removing resin and boring dust from the entrance of pine tree home.

larger than the southern pine beetle, and the holes where they enter the tree's bark exude more resin. Field observations suggest that the new species attacks trees shortly after southern pine beetle, colonizing the lower trunk and branches. The Mesoamerican pine beetle also has a distinct pheromone chemistry and does not respond to traps baited with southern pine beetle lures.

Researchers have found Mesoamerican pine beetles attacking eight species of native Central American pines and have collected the insect from Belize, southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

"A thorough understanding of this species complex – the southern and Mesoamerican pine beetle acting in concert -- may prove critical for developing integrated pest management strategies for the Central American region," said Sullivan. "This discovery also brings to light a potential exotic threat to the U.S. that was not previously known to exist."


Vacation, travel and hospitality


experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

Anywhere
  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!
8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!


1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!
8577-2/15/15

PRIMO'S SUEŇO CABINAS
La Fortuna
Comfort of your home in the campo, 5 minutes from Fortuna Centro of San Carlos, in the shadow of Volcano Arenal, Flat screen TV, AC, refrigerator, free coffee. Local area activities like four-wheeling, horse riding, zip lining, hot springs, jungle walking tours. Bring your camera for great photos of nature, fishing and swimming, canyoning and wireless internet. Harry Hart, proprietor.  Call for reservations  (506) 2479-8670   and (506) 8682-9219  Email: lagringo2003@yahoo.com
8492-4/1/15

Howard
rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

beach view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8613-6/24/15




Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.



Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com


English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016 
(506) 8309-0173
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 6154-1940 

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
 
grecia
Offer of the month !!  Great opportunity to get this beautiful house. 3 hectares land (equal to 30.000 meters), 750 square meters construction, modern security technology, three floors, internal street, elevator. $ 1.1 million  Click HERE!
Grecia  909
Beautiful house for rent, inside a private property. Very secure. Price $1,500 . See more photos HERE!
Grecia 907
Beautiful house for rent, near to Puente Piedra street . Very secure. Price $1,000 . More photos HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8595-5/18/15

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8656-5/10/15

Jaco condo
Condo in Jacó for rent
Two-bedroom, 1-bath condominium available for rent starting June 1st in Corteza del Sol in the Quebrada Seca, just across the Costanera from Jacó. 24-hour security, wifi/cable, AC, luxurious amenities, kitchen includes everything you need to cook, gorgeous pools just steps from your front door. 15 minute walk to town or quick bike ride. ¢2,000 taxi to center of town. Short-term renter is fine. Long-term would be great! Looking for someone low-key who will fit in well with the complex. $950/month including cable & internet, NOT INCLUDING ELECTRIC! Call 8725-0344 or email emilyanneaston@gmail.com
8616-4/9/15

Palmares graphic

Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our web page: palmarescostarica.us
8625-5/9/15


Coco condo
Condo for rent.
Conveniently located just a 200-meter walk to the beach. In the favorite community of Las Palmas, this condo is a perfect vacation home and/or great for vacation rental income.  The condo is located on the 2nd level offering beautiful vaulted ceilings, front and back balcony, pool and mountain view. Screens in every window/door, Air condition in both bedrooms and at living room. The condo is in perfect condition. It has been recently painted and super well-kept, new appliances, fully furnished. Wired to have own washer dryer. It has been the residence of the owners since they built it. Never rented out to third parties. The owners are selling as they are moving to the Central Valley.  The community has a great-size pool and beautiful landscaping and large parking. Just step out your condo and in less than 5-minute walk be swimming in the ocean! A must see! Rate $795 per month. Contact Bob Mobile C.R. ( 506 ) 8392-7520. E-mail: redlclark@aol.com
8602-5/15/15

Two houses for rent inside Sarchí working coffee farm. We will be renting out only one of them, so choose which suits you best.

Casita - Roomy, fully furnished 1 bedroom/1 bath/ 1 guest room, office or storage room. Hi-speed     WiFi, private phone line, hot water, balcony with lovely view across the Central Valley. Includes
Sarchi
linens, dishes, etc and washing machine. Rent is $500 per month plus utilities for 6 months or longer, $625 all inclusive for less than 6 months. Sorry, no pets.

Main house - Spacious 2 bedrooms/1 bath/ and an office w/Wifi. Fully furnished 
(except for TV), Sky satellite, private phone line, washer and dryer, alarm system.  There are lovely verandas with views of Poás and Central Valley, raised beds for gardening and lots of fruit trees. A well-behaved pet MAY be negotiable. Rent is $750 plus utilities for long term tenant.

Our farm is in a small, quiet and very safe neighborhood in Sarchí Sur and is gated and guarded 24/7 and we live on-site. It's totally private and quiet, but less than a 5-minute drive to Sarchí central and 15 minutes to Grecia.  There are great places to walk as well. More info and photos at  jogya345@yahoo.com
8580-2/20/15

Maneul Antonio
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes to chose from, all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, white water rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, have easily accessible parking, cable TV, and Internet and are fully furnished. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation.
Manuel Antonio Estates        TOLL FREE: 1800 346 9724
011 (506) 2777.3339        www.manuelantonioestates.com

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8592-8/18/15

HP Cattle rentals
Mountain homes or farm for rent
Barva volcano, Heredia province
We offer for rent a gorgeous two-bedroom mountain chalet and a one-bedroom mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude and within a working horse ranch just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance. From our homes one can hike to the Barva volcano crater-lake.  Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and breathtaking views of the Irazú volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of cloud forest bird species to include the resplendent quetzal.  The homes are incomparable in beauty and attention to detail within the Barva highland area.  We are only 35-55 minutes from Costa Rica’s three principal cities (Heredia, Alajuela, and San José), less than two hours from the central Pacific beaches, and three hours from the Caribbean beaches. Enjoy the tranquility of the mountains while maintaining quick access to the conveniences of the city and rapid access to other eco-tourist destinations in Costa Rica. Additionally, we can board your horses at a reasonable fee.  We can also offer our clients rental of a small and fully functional farm complete with stables, pasture, and office space.
Mountain chalet: $750.  Basic mountain home: $400.
Boutique mountain home: One-bedroom $850. Two-bedroom $1,000.
Small Farm that includes a chalet, basic mountain home, stables, and 8,000m2 of pasture/green areas: $1,500.
Contact:  HPCattleCR@aol.com
8425-8/17/14




Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's   Fifth news page
Family home

cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 15, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 73
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Obama says he is planning
to take Cuba from terror list


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama said Tuesday that he intended to take Communist Cuba off the United States' list of state sponsors of terrorism, part of his effort to normalize relations with the island nation after five decades of hostilities.

The American leader told Congress of his intention after a State Department review concluded that Cuba "has not provided any support for international terrorism" in the last six months, and it has given the U.S. assurances that it does not intend to in the future.

Senior administration officials said the State Department review was extremely rigorous, and officials said they were very confident about the recommendation.

Obama's action came just days after he met with Cuban President Raúl Castro at the Summit of the Americas in Panamá, the first face-to-face meeting of leaders of the two countries in more than 50 years.

The terror designation had been a barrier in the resumption of relations between the two countries,  that are separated by 145 kilometers of open sea.

The U.S. has long since stopped actively accusing Cuba of supporting terrorism. When Obama and Castro announced a thaw in relations in December, the U.S. president expressed his willingness to remove Cuba from that list. 

However, he held off on making a final decision amid indications that the White House was reluctant to grant Cuba's request until other thorny issues, such as restrictions on U.S. diplomats in Havana, were resolved.

The U.S. government placed Cuba on the sponsors-of-terrorism list in 1982 because of the Communist nation’s “efforts to promote armed revolution by forces in Latin America,” said Secretary of State John Kerry.  But, the U.S. diplomat added, circumstances have changed.

Kerry said that while the U.S. still has significant concerns and disagreements with Cuba on a wide range of Havana’s policies and actions, “these concerns and disagreements fall outside the criteria for designation as a state sponsor of terrorism.”

Obama submitted the statutorily required reports and certifications to Congress Tuesday.  The statute requires that no rescission take place within 45 days. Congress can enact a joint resolution to prohibit the rescission, but the president can veto that action, according to a top government official. Congress can override the veto.

If the designation is rescinded, Cuba will no longer be subjected to restrictions under the state-sponsor-of-terrorism authorities, including restrictions on U.S. foreign assistance, a ban on defense exports and sales, certain controls over the export of dual-use items, and miscellaneous financial and other restrictions.

In December, Obama announced a sweeping new approach toward Cuba, one that pushes aside a longtime policy of isolation in favor of engagement and empowerment of the Cuban people.

U.S. and Cuban diplomats are continuing to work on opening embassies in Havana and Washington. A senior State Department official said Tuesday that after decades of mistrust, “maybe more confidence-building is necessary, but we’ll get there.”

Obama administration officials hope removing Cuba from the list will help build that confidence.

The terrorist designation has irked Cuba’s leadership, and at the Summit of the Americas, Castro praised Obama’s efforts to remove his country from the list.

Castro said Cuba should have never been designated a sponsor of terrorism. In a 48-minute speech to leaders including Obama, the Cuban president accused the United States of sponsoring terrorist activity. As an example, he cited the CIA’s participation in the capture and interrogation of leftist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara, executed in 1967 while trying to launch an unsuccessful rebellion in Bolivia.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Cuba supported leftist insurgencies in Central and South America and sent up to 37,000 troops to participate in Angola’s civil war.
 
Obama has said a decision to remove Cuba’s terrorist designation would be based on facts. U.S. officials said there has been no recent evidence of Cuban support for armed rebellions. 

In the early 1990s, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent loss of economic and military support from Moscow, then-president Fidel Castro announced Cuba would no longer take part in foreign conflicts.


Editor says  jailed reporter
lacks adequate legal counsel


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Washington Post's executive editor said Tuesday that the newspaper's Iranian correspondent, jailed in Tehran on unspecified charges, was being denied acceptable legal representation.

Martin Baron said that Jason Rezaian, who was arrested last July, had been allowed only one meeting with a lawyer and that they were not allowed to discuss the charges against him.

"The idea that Jason, or anyone, could be allowed only one hour with a lawyer before standing trial on serious charges is simply appalling," Baron said.

Rezaian holds both U.S. and Iranian citizenship, but Iran does not recognize dual nationality for its citizens.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif gave no information about Rezaian's case during a visit to Madrid on Tuesday, except to say it was a judicial matter and that the charges might be very serious.

Iran's Fars news agency, which is regarded as pro-hard-liner, said this week that Rezaian, 39, was suspected of spying.

Rezaian, the Post's correspondent in Iran since 2012, was arrested July 22 along with his Iranian wife, Yeganeh Salehi, who is a reporter for The National newspaper in Abu Dhabi, and two other journalists whose names have not been made public. All but Rezaian have since been released.

U.S. officials have repeatedly urged Iran to release Rezaian and other Americans jailed in Iran, including during talks on the sidelines of negotiations about the Islamic Republic's nuclear program.


Activists rally to promote
equal pay for U.S. women


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Activists gathered in New York on Tuesday, Equal Pay Day, to highlight the gender pay gap.

Congress passed the Equal Pay Act in 1963, but more than 50 years later, pay inequality continues. American women make 78 cents on the dollar compared with their male counterparts, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

For women of color the difference is even more dramatic: African-American women make just 64 cents per dollar of men's earnings, and Latin women make 56 cents, according to the White House.

“This is not a women’s rights issue, this is a human rights issue," said Martha Kamber, chief executive officer of the YWCA in Brooklyn. "Women are mothers. We are raising the children of the future, the next generation, and if we can’t earn enough to support our families, then everybody, the whole community, suffers.”

Robert Cornegy, a New York city councilman, said he he tells his daughters every day "that if they are smart and they work hard, they can accomplish anything. I don’t want to tell them a lie. I want them to feel like they will be compensated equally for everything they do.”

The White House says the pay gap costs women nearly $450 billion a year in lost income.  Beverly Neufeld said she founded "PowHer NY" to try to accelerate economic fairness. 

“Because of the wage gap, the average woman working full time has to work about 15 months to make what the average white male makes in one year," Neufeld said. "So that’s a lot of bread, and it adds up over the course of a career and the course of a lifetime.”

The issue has received national attention and was highlighted by President Barack Obama in his State of the Union address in January.

“Nothing helps families make ends meet like higher wages," he said at the time. "That’s why this Congress still needs to pass a law that makes sure a woman is paid the same as a man for doing the same work.”

But pay parity legislation has consistently stalled at the federal level. That's why lawmakers in several states have decided to take action.

In New York, state Assemblywoman Michele Titus introduced the Equal Pay Bill, which is expected to pass this year.  It will protect employees who talk about their salary from employer retaliation.

“Employers don't usually allow their employees to discuss what pay other employees are receiving," she said. "So this is sort of like a silent discrimination — if you don’t know it’s there, you really can’t combat it.”

Advocates say the pay gap affects more than just women. A Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data released two years ago found that 40 percent of all households with children under age 18 included mothers who were either the sole or primary source of income for the family. As a result, activists say, the equal pay issue has an outsized impact on families.


reporter in Cambodia
Voice of America photo
Poch Reasey before his former home.

Cambodian who fled takeover
tells of return to former home

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Editor’s note: Friday will mark the 40-year anniversary of the Khmer Rouge takeover of Phnom Penh. Among the throngs of people forced to evacuate the city was Voice of America Khmer’s Poch Reasey, who recently traveled back to the capital and the house where he grew up, to prepare this report.

Forty years ago this month, the Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia. They forced everyone to leave their homes and move to the countryside. Like millions of people, my family had to leave our house. Now 40 years later, I am back in the house I left on April 17, 1975.

There are so many memories. I felt so safe in the house my father built in 1961. The day we left, I turned around and took a long last look. Something told me we were not coming back. I try to remember everything, but all I can remember now is the last meal we had before the Khmer Rouge soldier chased us out at gunpoint. We had rice with hard-boiled eggs, because we were in a hurry.

During the Khmer Rouge regime, the Khmer Rouge took my father away. Before he left, he gave me a small black and white picture from his government ID card from the Lon Nol regime. It’s the only picture I have of him today.

My younger brother and sister died in front of my eyes in late 1975 and mid-1976. I helped my father and grandfather bury them, one by one. In September 1977, the Khmer Rouge took my father and grandfather away. They never came back.

Being back in the house 40 years later made me very emotional. I could hear my father’s voice as I walked around the house. I used to feel so safe and so protected in the house. My father and I used to listen to VOA Khmer, so when I started working at VOA in 1993, I was hoping that my father was still alive and could hear my voice on the air. But as time passed, my hope faded away. Like millions of people in Cambodia, I am moving on, but I can’t forget.


chin
A.M. Costa Rica file photo    
The unique chin of a modern human

Researchers suggest reason
for modern human's chins


By the University of Iowa news staff

Modern humans have one feature that primates, Neanderthals, archaic humans — any species, for that matter — don’t possess: a chin.

“In some way, it seems trivial, but a reason why chins are so interesting is we’re the only ones who have them,” says Nathan Holton, who studies craniofacial features and mechanics at the University of Iowa. “It’s unique to us.”

New research led by Holton and colleagues posits that human chins don’t come from mechanical forces such as chewing, but instead results from an evolutionary adaptation involving face size and shape — possibly linked to changes in hormone levels as humans became more societally domesticated.

The finding, if true, may help settle a debate that’s gone on intermittently for more than a century why modern humans have chins and how they came to be.

Using advanced facial and cranial biomechanical analyses with nearly 40 people whose measurements were plotted from toddlers to adults, the research team concludes mechanical forces, including chewing, appear incapable of producing the resistance needed for new bone to be created in the lower mandible, or jaw area.

Rather, they write in a paper published online in the Journal of Anatomy, it appears the chin’s emergence in modern humans arose from simple geometry: As faces became smaller in the evolution from archaic humans to today, the chin became a bony prominence, the adapted, pointy emblem at the bottom of the face. In fact, human faces are roughly 15 percent shorter than Neanderthals'.

“In short, we do not find any evidence that chins are tied to mechanical function and in some cases we find that chins are worse at resisting mechanical forces as we grow,” says Holton, assistant professor and anthropologist in the Department of Orthodontics at the university College of Dentistry. “Overall, this suggests that chins are unlikely related to the need to dissipate stresses and strains and that other explanations are more likely to be correct.”

More intriguing, anthropologists led by Robert Franciscus think the human chin is a secondary consequence of lifestyle change, starting about 80,000 years ago and picking up great steam with modern humans' migration from Africa about 20,000 years later. What happened was this: Modern humans evolved from hunter-gatherer groups that were rather isolated from each other to increasingly cooperative groups that formed social networks across the landscape. These more connected groups appear to have enhanced the degree to which they expressed themselves in art and other symbolic mediums.

Males in particular became more tranquil during this period, less likely to fight over territory and belongings and more willing to make alliances, evidenced by exchanging goods and ideas, that benefited each and all.

The change in attitude was tied to reduced hormone levels, namely testosterone, resulting in noticeable changes to the male craniofacial region: One big shift was the face became smaller — retrenching in effect — a physiological departure that created a natural opportunity for the human chin to emerge.

“What we’re arguing is that modern humans had an advantage at some point to have a well-connected social network, they can exchange information, and mates, more readily, there’s innovation,” says Franciscus, who was on the team that first laid out the theory in a paper published last August in the journal Current Anthropology and is a contributing author on the current paper, “and for that to happen, males have to tolerate each other. There had to be more curiosity and inquisitiveness than aggression, and the evidence of that lies in facial architecture.”

The new study buttresses that argument, in that it seems to rule out the chin arose from mechanical exertion, such as chewing.

The researchers examined how the jaw region generally reacted to two forces—vertical bending and wishboning. In wishboning, one side of the jaw is pulled outward, resulting in compression in the outer part of the chin. In vertical bending, the ramus — the posterior more or less vertical part on each side of the lower jaw — splays outward, tensing the chin area. In both instances, the thinking went, the chin area is being mechanically stressed. On a microscopic level, new bone is being created, much like lifting weights creates little tears that allows new muscle to be created. Thus, arose the theory that mechanical forces, such as chewing, led to chins.

But in examinations from periodic measurements of participants’ heads from 3 years of age to more than 20 years old, the university researchers found no evidence that these imperceptible mechanical forces led to new bone in the chin region. Instead, they found nearly the opposite: Individuals with the most mechanical resistance had chins most similar to a 3 -or 4-year-old — meaning they didn’t have much of a chin at all.

What the researchers did notice is chin growth has more to do with how each feature in the face adapts as head size increases.

Children, for example, have flat, nearly imperceptible chins, much like what’s seen in Neanderthals. That bony prominence only becomes visible as heads and faces grow into adulthood.

“Our study suggests that chin prominence is unrelated to function,” Holton says, “and probably has more to do with spatial dynamics during development.”


Gum disease linked to heart
in pioneering research study


By the The Forsyth Institute news staff

A new study from the Forsyth Institute is helping to shed more light on the important connection between the mouth and heart.

According to research recently published online by the American Heart Association, scientists at Forsyth and Boston University have demonstrated that using an oral topical remedy to reduce inflammation associated with periodontitis, more commonly known as gum disease, also results in the prevention of vascular inflammation and can lower the risk of heart attack.

This study is the first time researchers anywhere have demonstrated the ability of an oral treatment for gum disease to also reduce inflammation in the artery wall. The active ingredient is an inflammation resolving molecule, known as Resolvin E1. This discovery further underscores the increasing body of evidence showcasing how problems in the mouth – and how they are treated – can have life changing influences on other key systems in the body, such as the heart in this case.

“Our research is helping to underscore the very real link between oral health and heart disease,” said lead investigator Hatice Hasturk, an associate member of Forsyth’s Department of Applied Oral Sciences and director of Forsyth’s Center for Clinical and Translational Research. “The general public understands the connection between heart health and overall wellness, and often takes appropriate steps to prevent heart disease. More education is needed to elevate oral wellness into the same category in light of proven connections to major health conditions.”

According to the Centers for Disease Control, heart disease accounts for one in four deaths in the United States, and the rate continues to rise. Forsyth’s findings suggest a need to expand the public’s understanding of risk factors beyond cholesterol, smoking, hypertension and diabetes to include a focus on oral health. With support from the scientific community, Forsyth aims to generate greater awareness of gum disease as a critical risk factor for heart disease, independent from diet and lifestyle.

The study, titled, “Resolvin E1 Prevents Atheromatous Plaque Formation,” will be published in print in the May issue of Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, a journal of the American Heart Association.


Real estate-related services (paid category)

solar
       
CR SOLAR gives you…
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: Simple, reliable, installation without batteries or complicated central inverters that limit expansion and downgrade your system with one shady panel.
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: so flexible; you can begin saving with a third of a system, then add as you go with your savings!

Think of it this way: cash in a CD paying 7% and get 15% to 25% from the Sun!  What better way to lower your electric bill than with a Quality Solar System from CR Solar?    Ask about our BEST HI END Solar Hot Water Heaters. 
2446-0543           8898-9398                8314-8090
CALL US TODAY!
8553-6/22/15

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica





Visit our Web Page:
www.mafirealestate.com


If you do not find you are looking for in our page, contact us, WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.

English Calls:
Miguel Fiatt Sauma 
or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000

Send us your request to our
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16
Mafri one
Beautiful house in Santa Ana, Valley and mountain view. Price: $1,300,000. Single story, bedrooms. 5 baths. Double-size garage: 360 m2. Lot: 4,487 m2. 
Click HERE!

Mafri two
San Isidro de Heredia. Great lot with 3 houses. $3,200,000 single story. 1,505 m2 Lot: 37,419m2  Click HERE!
Mafri three
Finca Las Trufas, San Ramon-Esparza, Price: $3,900,000 Farm and ranch. Single story 1,500 m2. on 25 hectares Click HERE!

CoopeAgri

CoopeAgri Real Estate

The best option in real estate services in southern Costa Rica and the South Pacific coast. We are professionals promoting properties such as farms, lots, ranches, commercial premises, homes and apartments, through our advertising and marketing services.
Are you buying a property? Our experienced team is ready to help you to find the right place. Are you selling? We are experts selling properties.  Keep it simple. Don't waste your time. We are  the best local and international listing.  Contact us, and we will be glad to assist you!
E-mail: bienesraices@coopeagri.co.cr
Local CR Phones: (506) 2785-0282 or  (506) 2785-0278
CLICK HERE 
8563-4.15.15

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8554-6/15/14

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8655-10/21/15

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8657-7/14/15

Orosi
Costa Rica Villas For Sale
*In 2009 this property appraisal for $240,000  (two hundred forty thousand).
*Located in Paraiso, Cartago, Costa Rica.
*We spent over $70,000 in renovating the villa.
*The first floor has renters with a year lease. They pay $200 a month.
*Health reasons need to return to the U.S.A.
*One of Costa Rica famous waterfalls, 100 yards in front of the villa.
*I'll sell this property for $189,000.
*Visit my Web site www.costaricavalleyhotel.com
Contact in Costa Rica:  Cray phone (506) 8977-2777
Contact in USA: Billy phone  001 (678) 576-5107
8652-5/7/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

Shangra la
Located in Jacó in the best and safest location possible, at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.

Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for birds and other animals. 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built in year 2005 to highest standard by German owner now 69 years old, who wants to downgrade. Room for two more apartments, plans approved. Only 6 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jacó.  Price reduced for quick sale to $1,150.000 and still negotiable. All fittings and furniture included. Excellent quality and well maintained. Just upgraded and remodeled for $ 30,000. Owner financing available.  More photos on request HERE! Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  Cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8648-7/29/14

Motel–Hotel
Choice 4.5 hectaares. Waterfront, titled property. Financing available for motel or hotel. Water and power on the property. $35 a  m2. In Tropical Paradise Resort. Buy all or Part at  Puerto Viejo, Limón. Call Andy at andreas_meyn@shaw.ca
8646-4/30/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8643-4/16/15

ARenal home
Lake Arenal near San Luis and Tilarán

2 bedrooms & 2.5 baths - $279,000

Lake Arenal home (90 yards from lake) in a private 17-home gated community named Buena Vista 1 with full-time guards and views of Tenorio Volcano, Miravalles Volcano, Rincón de la Vieja Volcano and of course, Lake Arenal. This Lake Arenal climate zone provides temperatures of 75 to 85 degrees (23 to 29 C) year round, so there is NO need for heating or air conditioning and the $100's per month for fuel and energy costs !!!!! This is our property www.La-Tigra.com/L42 and you can see other Lake Arenal Properties at www.La-Tigra.com/lake
8640-4/20/15

volacano
The price is right!  Asking only $140,000 with terms, but your cash offer will buy it for less in this distress sale.  This clean and modern two-bedroom, one-bath home wastes none of its 102 m2 and the very large 1,129 m2 lot was intended for an apartment project that divorce terminated prematurely.  The emotionally-bruised owner has returned to the U.S., never to return to Costa Rica, has no heart to manage even this very desirable rental property from a distance, just wants out.  Her plan was excellent, but now someone else gets to benefit instead.  Only a three-minute walk to central park in La Fortuna yet quiet and private, the property features a superb volcano view.  Perfect for the future retiree who wants to buy now and have the property carry itself until that time comes while earning perhaps 6%-12% on their investment in the meantime, or for today’s retiree who wants to build the apartments and retire on a very comfortable income.  Not everyone’s cup of tea but money to be made for the right person.  For interior pix email lafortunaguy@gmail.com or phone 8377-8402.
8631-4/18/15

Finca home
 Little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal, Costa Rica.       

16 acres (approximately.)   Price: $599,000USD
We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 k) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos.  We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. For more  information: In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 720-951-7928 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call: Ivo Henfling at Godutch Realty: 2289-5125/8834-4515 ivo@godutchrealty.com
8524-6/5/15

cndo rollover
NEAR SANTA ANA and #27.

In Alajuela , Penthouse in best location with views from all rooms. Quiet and private. Cheap to run. Extra large kitchen and balcony. Financing possible. Completely well furnished with $20,000 cost, including custom large kitchen and many cabinets. 10 minutes to Multiplaza, airport and close to highway 27, beach 45 minutes. 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms + office. Open plan granite kitchen to living room. Wheelchair accessible, covered parking place by entrance. Large pool, jacuzzi, gym and tennis. Areas for walking and running. The best location in the complex. Close to all and only $127/month maintenance. Price $125,000. Write or call at: barrycor@racsa.co.cr  8391-2080, 2220-2243.
8614-3/24/15

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:  
Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085  
Email: costarenas@ice.co.cr   Web: www.costa-arenas.com
8573-4/15/15

Photo one
photo two
Tambor three for jan. 15
Total area of the property is 23 hectares at $425,000. There's an option to buy 2 sub lots, the first one is land with no construction of 890 sqm at $19,900. The second, 1,700 sqm including a small house, for the price of $65,000
Located 300 meters from the south Jacó . First house is 110 sqm with 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom,  private pool, A/C, kitchen and separate laundry. Second is a 120m, two-story house with 2 bedrooms, There's a small lot has its own entrance and is perfect for building  $280,000.
This 115 sqm condo is located four blocks from the heart of Santa Ana. It is a corner unit with a view of the green area from your living room. Two bedrooms, a master bedroom with an ensuite bathroom. Kitchen is clean and modern. Home is in good condition, and ready to move into. $132.000.
Contact Jo-Anne  Cell phone number: 506 8310-2915
or through email: tamborsales@hotmail.com

Atenas home
This developer's prime lot with super house is being offered in Roca Verde, 7,006 M2 of gentle grade, all landscaped for tropical effect, 3 bedrooms 2 baths with tile floors and hardwood kitchen, near the entrance of the neighborhood. Great floor plan on this one! There is a double carport, and a large patio and pool, wheelhouse style living room and many other features. View, large usable lot, close to town, nice, oh yeah. $495,000. http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H392.html
8542-12/17/14

Maneul Antonio
Manuel Antonio Estates focuses on building vacation homes for clients within Manuel Antonio Estates and Palmas Pacifica. We take care of the details from permits and design to supervision of construction and management of the rentals, if needed. We provide privacy and security, and our gated community offers shared common recreational facilities, beautiful landscaping and parking areas. Our homes and lots are located just minutes from the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. If you've ever considered buying a second home, just minutes from the beach, do not hesitate, if you have any questions or would like to request more information please take full advantage of our Costa Rica real estate services and contact us today!
Manuel Antonio Estates    1 800 346-9724  (506) 8815-9606. www.manuelantonioestates.com
8515-2/16/14

Ciudad Colon
Great Deal!! Apartment in condo with pool and extensive green areas:
Ciudad Colón, San José $112,000
The apartment has a master bedroom with a large ensuite bathroom with bath tub, and a smaller second bedroom/office with air conditioning. It has a second full bathroom, living/dining room, laundry room with hot water tank and storage area. The kitchen comes with granite countertops, a breakfast bar and new dishwasher. It has 82 m2 of construction. 2 balconies with beautiful views of the river and mountains. Private parking for one car. Elevator and a well presented reception area. Located in a very quiet and private neighborhood just 400 meters from the centre of Ciudad Colón. Within minutes to all major amenities in Santa Ana and Escazú. Easy access to the beach (less than 1.5 hrs).  24-hour security, visitor parking, pool, extensive and lush green areas, BBQ area, children’s playground and its own water treatment plant. Contact (506) 6022-9294 or 6022-9967, orbec12@gmail.com for further info or to arrange a viewing.
8509-xxx

Suenos montage
Outrageous blowout prices on oceanfront condos in Los Sueños!

Located in the private Bay Residence enclave overlooking the Pacific Ocean in Los Sueños Resort and Marina, there are three gorgeous units available at unbelievable bargain pricing from $589,000.  All of these beautiful units are three bedrooms and two baths, 2,200 square feet, fully furnished and ready to move in.  Development includes a gym, access to 3 pools, jacuzzis, BBQ areas and the Beach Club.  If you’ve always wanted to own in Los Sueños, now is the time!  Contact Karen@remax-ocr.com  or call 8702-0778.  From U.S. call 209-482-1788.

Top floor unit: $649,000   Second floor unit: $675,000  Garden unit: $589,000
8500-1/3/15

Newly available in Roca Verde
Atenas
Well-built home of 215 m2, 3 bedrooms, two bath on 1,150 m2 of lot, with attractive rock retaining wall, carport, and a pool. Indoors there are high, vaulted hardwood ceiling, bright rooms, a laundry room.  The floor is ceramic tile in pastel shades. $247,000. Photos: http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H326.html 2446-5587. ldrock@gmail.com
8499-q11/3/14

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya.7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 ft. elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet. $199,000 Contact mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8482-2/11/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
FOR SALE  5,200 M2  ESCAZÚ
Fantastic location for condo/ hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot. incredible views. Flexible zoning $2.3 M 
hotel
Easy to get liquor license.
Low interest financing
http://www.hotel4salecostarica.com/
http://www.hotelsescazu.com/
hotelescazu@aol.com
Call Bruce at: (506) 8307-0164.
8632-4/11/15

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:   Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085   Email: costarenas@ice.co.cr   Web: www.costa-arenas.com
8573-4/15/15

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 15, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 73
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute














BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.














Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
chopper
U.S. Navy/ Shane A. Jackson    
   Sea Hawk helicopter lands aboard the guided-missile frigate USS
   Kauffman during night flight operations.

Patrols on both coasts are netting drugs

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The efforts may not attract a lot of publicity, but the multinational Operation Martillo continues in full swing in the Caribbean and in the Pacific.

The 3-year-old effort involves ships of a handful of nations to suppress the cocaine and marijuana trade.

The U.S. ships are under the direction of the U.S. Southern Command, based in Florida. The navy vessels are part of the U.S. Fourth Fleet.

One big haul has been the confiscation of 1,017 kilos of cocaine by the crews of  the USS Kauffman along with the U.S. Coast Guard and Royal Canadian Navy.

A suspicious freighter attracted the attention of the anti-drug crews off the western coast of Panamá Feb. 28. Also involved were the Canadian ships Goose Bay and Shawinigan, said the Southern Command.

A  U.S. Coast Guard boarding party found drugs, and the freighter eventually was sunk because it was taking on water in high seas, said the U.S. Southern Command.

In the Pacific, the USS Gary is on patrol along with the  U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Boutwell and the Canadian Navy vessel Whitehorse.

The Southern Command said that the Gary has stopped 10 smuggling efforts since October. In many cases the smugglers are run towards shore to the waiting Costa Rican patrol boats.



Costa Rican News
AMCostaRicaArchives.com
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
CostaRicaReport.com
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


From Page 7:

Small increase in economic growth predicted

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The International Monetary Fund said Tuesday that the global economy would grow a tiny bit faster in 2015, but that growth will be uneven.

“This global number reflects two main evolutions," said the fund's chief economist Olivier Blanchard. "The first one is an increase in the growth rate of advanced economies from 1.8 percent last year to 2.4 percent this year.  But it is offset by a decrease in the growth rate of emerging markets and developing economies.”

Overall, the growth rate will rise to 3.5 percent, the International Monetary Fund said.

Among the factors affecting growth is uncertainty caused by ongoing geopolitical tensions.  Another is the sharp drop in oil prices.  Blanchard said the lower prices might be bad news for oil-producing countries, but that it's been a net positive for the global economy.

“If you look at the big oil importers — the U.S., the Eurozone, China, India — consumption spending is fairly strong, and it's very plausible that it comes partly from the increase in real income coming from the decrease in the price people have to pay for oil,” Blanchard said.

Other factors affecting global growth include changes in interest rates in the U.S., Europe and Japan that have pushed the value of the dollar sharply higher.

But overall, Blanchard said, global economic risks are decreasing.

“The main one last year when we met in October was the risk of recession in the euro area and possibly in Japan," he said, "and I think based on the numbers that we now have, the probability of recession has not gone to zero, but it has decreased substantially.”

The assessment of the global economy comes as top economic officials from around the world gather in Washington for the annual spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank.